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"Dan Flavin, Site-specific installation, 1996, "Menil Collection, Houston TX, USA
Nef pour quatorze reines by Rose-Marie Goulet, a memorial to the "École Polytechnique Massacre, featuring "sculptural elements integrated into a specially "landscaped site, Montreal, Canada

Site-specific art is "artwork created to exist in a certain place. Typically, the artist takes the location into account while planning and creating the artwork. Site-specific art is produced both by commercial artists, and independently, and can include some instances of work such as "sculpture, "stencil graffiti, "rock balancing, and other art forms. Installations can be in urban areas, remote natural settings, or underwater.[1][2][3][4][5][6]



The term "Site-specific art" was promoted and refined by Californian artist "Robert Irwin[7][8] but it was actually first used in the mid-1970s by young sculptors, such as "Patricia Johanson, "Dennis Oppenheim, and "Athena Tacha, who had started executing public commissions for large urban sites.["citation needed] Site specific environmental art was first described as a movement by architectural critic Catherine Howett and art critic "Lucy Lippard.["citation needed]. Its emergence was also influenced by the modernist objects as a reaction of artists to the situation in the world.["citation needed]

Modernist art objects were transportable, nomadic, could only exist in the museum space and were the objects of the market and commodification. Since 1960 the artists were trying to find a way out of this situation, and thus drew attention to the site and the context around this site . The work of art was created in the site and could only exist and in such circumstances - it can not be moved or changed. Site is a current location, which comprises a unique combination of physical elements: depth, length, weight, height, shape, walls, temperature.[9] Works of art began to emerge from the walls of the museum and galleries ("Daniel Buren, Within and Beyond the Frame, John Weber Gallery, New York, 1973), were created specifically for the museum and galleries ("Michael Asher, untitled installation at Claire Copley Gallery, Los Angeles, 1974, "Hans Haacke, Condensation Cube, 1963–65, "Mierle Laderman Ukeles, Hartford Wash: Washing Tracks, Maintenance Outside, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, 1973), thus criticizing the museum as an institution that sets the rules for artists and viewers.[9]

"Jean-Max Albert, created "Sculptures Bachelard in "Parc de la Villette related to the site, or Carlotta’s Smile, a "trellis construction related to Ar. Co,’s architecture "Lisbon, and to a choreography in collaboration with Michala Marcus and "Carlos Zingaro, 1979.[10]

"Jean-Max Albert, Carlotta's Smile, a trellis construction with a choreography, in collaboration with Michala Marcus and "Carlos Zingaro, Lisbon, 1979


Outdoor site-specific artworks often include "landscaping combined with permanently sited "sculptural elements; it is sometimes linked with "environmental art. Outdoor site-specific artworks can also include "dance "performances created especially for the site. More broadly, the term is sometimes used for any work that is more or less permanently attached to a particular location. In this sense, a building with interesting "architecture could also be considered a piece of site-specific art.

In Geneva, Switzerland, two Contemporary Art Funds of the city have been looking to integrate art into the architecture and the public space since 1980.[11] The Neons Parallax project initiated in 2007 was conceived specifically for the Plaine de Plainpalais, located in the heart of the city. The challenge of the artists invited was to transpose commercial advertising signs of the harbour into artistic messages.[12] The project has received the Swiss Prix Visarte 2017.

Site-specific performance art, site-specific visual art and interventions are commissioned for the annual "Infecting the City Festival in "Cape Town, South Africa. The site-specific nature of the work allows artists to interrogate the contemporary and historic reality of the Central Business District and create work that allows the city's users to engage and interact with public spaces in new and memorable ways.[13]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.lataco.com Interview with Rafael Schacter, Author of The World Atlas of Street Art and Graffiti.
  2. ^ https://www.nytimes.com Aerosol Art.
  3. ^ http://www.filippominelli.com Filippo Minelli "Silence/Shapes."
  4. ^ Rafael Schacter, author of "The World Atlas of Street Art and Graffiti", September, 2013; "ISBN "9780300199420.
  5. ^ http://www.brooklynstreetart.com Rafael Schacter and His "World Atlas of Street Art and Graffiti."
  6. ^ https://www.youtube Gravity Glue 2015; (Underwater "Rock balance at 3:55).
  7. ^ Butterfield, Jan (1993). The art of light + space. New York: Abbeville. "ISBN "1558592725. 
  8. ^ Hankins, Evelyn (2016). Robert Irwin: All the Rules Will Change. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden. "ISBN "3791355147. 
  9. ^ a b Miwon Kwon. "One Place After Another: Site-Specific Art and Locational Identity". – London and Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2002.
  10. ^ http://www.arcoabecedario.pt/entries/41?locale=en
  11. ^ "Missions | Fonds d'art contemporain | Ville de Genève : Sites des institutions". institutions.ville-geneve.ch (in French). Retrieved 2018-01-05. 
  12. ^ Neons Parallax
  13. ^ "Infecting The City - Africa Centre". Africa Centre. 2014-03-28. Retrieved 2018-01-05. 

External links[edit]

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