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Social Democrats
Socialdemokratiet
Leader "Mette Frederiksen
Deputy Leader Mogens Jensen
"Frank Jensen
Founded 1871
Headquarters Vester Voldgade 96
1552 "Copenhagen, "Denmark
Student wing "Frit Forum - Social Democratic Students of Denmark
"Youth wing "Social Democratic Youth of Denmark (DSU)
Membership (2011) 44,764[1]
"Ideology "Social democracy[2][3]
"Political position "Centre-left
"European affiliation "Party of European Socialists
International affiliation "Progressive Alliance
"European Parliament group "Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats
Nordic affiliation "SAMAK
Colours "Red
"Folketing:
46 / 179
"European Parliament:
3 / 13
"Regions:[4]
70 / 205
"Municipalities:[5]
842 / 2,432
Election symbol
""A
Website
www.socialdemokratiet.dk

The Social Democrats ("Danish: Socialdemokraterne), officially Social Democracy (Socialdemokratiet), is a "social-democratic[2][3] "political party in Denmark. It was the "major coalition partner in government from the "2011 parliamentary election, with then-party leader "Helle Thorning-Schmidt as "Prime Minister. After the "2015 parliamentary election, the party is no longer in government, though it regained the position as the largest party in the Danish "parliament, the "Folketing, with 47 of 179 seats. Helle Thorning-Schmidt withdrew as party leader on the night of the election as a direct consequence of the loss of government control, and she was succeeded on 28 June 2015 by the former vice leader, "Mette Frederiksen.

Founded by "Louis Pio in 1871, the party first entered the Folketing in "1884. By the early 20th century it had become the party with the largest representation in the Folketing, a distinction it would hold for 77 years. It first formed a government in "1924 under "Thorvald Stauning, the longest-serving Danish Prime Minister of the 20th century. During Stauning's government, the Social Democrats exerted a profound influence on Danish society, laying the foundation of the Danish "welfare state.

From 2002 to 2016 the party used the name Socialdemokraterne in some contexts.[6][7]

A member of the "Party of European Socialists (PES), the Social Democrats have three MEPs in the "European Parliament.

Contents

Platform[edit]

Since its foundation the lemma of the party has been ""Liberty, Equality and Brotherhood", and these values are still described as central in the party program.[8] In the political program of the party these values are described as being consistent with a focus on solidarity with the poorest and social welfare to those who need it, with individual responsibility in relation to other members in society, and with an increased involvement in the "European political project.

Political leadership[edit]

The leader of the party is Mette Frederiksen. She succeeded "Helle Thorning-Schmidt, who stepped down after the left bloc's defeat in the "2015 General Election. Deputy leaders are "Frank Jensen, "Lord Mayor of Copenhagen; and Mogens Jensen. The secretary general is "Henrik Dam Kristensen, the party secretary is Lars Midtiby and the political speaker is Magnus Heunicke.[9]

In the "Cabinet of Helle Thorning-Schmidt, the party had ten ministers including the Prime Minister.[10]

""thumb Cabinet of Helle Thorning-Schmidt in front of Amalienborg in 2011.
"Prime Minister "Helle Thorning-Schmidt
"Minister for Finance "Bjarne Corydon
"Minister for Justice "Karen Hækkerup
"Minister for Defence "Nicolai Wammen
Minister for the City, Housing and Rural Affairs "Carsten Hansen
Minister for Employment "Mette Frederiksen
"Minister for Children and Education "Christine Antorini
"Minister for Business and Growth "Henrik Sass Larsen
"Minister for Food, Agriculture and Fisheries "Dan Jørgensen
Minister for European Affairs Nick Hækkerup

History[edit]

""
""
Social Democratic election poster, October 1945

The party was founded in 1871 by "Louis Pio, Harald Brix og "Paul Geleff.[11] The goal was to organize the emerging working class on a democratic and socialist basis. The industrialization of Denmark had begun in the mid 19th century and a period of rapid urbanization had led to an emerging class of urban workers. The social democratic movement emerged from the desire to give this group political rights and representation in parliament.

In 1876 the Party held an annual conference, adopting the first party manifesto. The stated policy was that:

"The Danish Social Democratic Labour Party works in its national form, but is convinced of the international nature of the labour movement and ready to sacrifice everything and fulfill all obligations to provide: Freedom, equality and brotherhood among all nations

In 1884 the Social Democracy party (Socialdemokratiet), as it was called then, had their first two members of parliament elected, P. Holm and Chr. Hørdum.

20th century[edit]

In the 1924 parliamentary elections the Social democratic party won the majority with 36.6 percent of the vote, and its first government was put in place with "Thorvald Stauning as prime minister.[12] The same year he appointed the world's first female minister "Nina Bang, nine years after "women's suffrage had been given in Denmark. Stauning stayed in power until his death in 1942, his party laying the foundations for the Danish "welfare state, based on a close collaboration between labor unions and the government.

In January 1933 Stauning's government entered into what was then the most extensive settlement yet in Danish politics — the "Kanslergade settlement ("Danish: Kanslergadeforliget) — with the liberal party "Venstre.[13] The settlement, which was named after Stauning's apartment in Kanslergade in "Copenhagen, included extensive "agricultural subsidies and reforms of the legislation and administration in the social sector.[14] In 1935, Stauning was reelected with the famous slogan ""Stauning or Chaos".[15]

Stauning's second cabinet lasted until the "Nazi "occupation of Denmark in 1940, when the cabinet was widened to include all political parties, called the National government, and the Danish government pursued a collaborative policy with the German occupiers.

Through the 1940s and until 1972 Denmark was governed by the following Social Democratic prime ministers.

Poul Nyrup Rasmussen government coalition: 1993–2001[edit]

The Social Democrats' "social policy through the 1990s and continuing in the 21st century involved a significant "redistribution of income and the maintenance of a large state apparatus with collectively financed core "public services such as "public healthcare, "education and "infrastructure.

Social Democrat-led coalition governments (the Cabinets of Poul Nyrup Rasmussen "I, "II, "III, "IV) implemented the system known as "flexicurity (flexibility and social security), mixing strong Scandinavian "unemployment benefits with deregulated employment laws, making it easier for employers to fire and rehire people in order to encourage "economic growth and reduce unemployment.[16]

The Cabinets of Poul Nyrup Rasmussen maintained a parliamentary majority during the period from 1993 to 2001 by virtue of their support from the "Socialist People's Party and the "Red-Green Alliance.

Towards the end of the 1990s, a "trade surplus of 30 billion "kroner ("USD 4.9 billion) turned into a "deficit.["citation needed] To combat this, the government increased taxes, limiting "private consumption. The 1998 initiative, which was dubbed the Whitsun Packet (Danish: Pinsepakken) from the season it was issued, was not universally popular with the electorate, which may have been a factor in the Social Democrats' defeat in the "2001 parliamentary election.

In opposition: 2001–2011[edit]

After being defeated by the "Liberal Party in the 2001 election, the party chairmanship went to former "finance and "foreign minister "Mogens Lykketoft. Following another defeat in the "January 2005 election, Lykketoft announced his resignation as party leader, and at an extraordinary congress on 12 March, it was decided that all members of the party would cast votes in an election of a new party leader. The two contenders for the leadership represented the two wings in the party, with "Helle Thorning-Schmidt being viewed as "centrist and "Frank Jensen being viewed as slightly more left-wing. On 12 April 2005 Helle Thorning-Schmidt was elected as the new leader.

Helle Thorning-Schmidt government coalition: 2011–2015[edit]

At the 2011 elections the Social Democrats gained 44 seats in parliament, the lowest number since 1953.[17] Nonetheless the party succeeded in establishing a minority government with the "People's Socialist Party, and the "Social-Liberal party.

The incumbent centre-right coalition led by the "Liberal Party lost power to a centre-left coalition led by the Social Democrats making "Helle Thorning-Schmidt the country's first female "Prime Minister. The "Social Liberal Party and the "Socialist People's Party became part of the three-party centre-left coalition government. The new parliament convened on 4 October. The government has rolled back anti-immigration legislation enacted by the previous government,[18] and passed a tax-reform with support from the liberalist-conservative opposition.[19] The tax reform raised the top tax threshold, effectively lowering tax rates for the wealthiest citizens.[20] The aim of the tax reform has been to increase labor output to fend off a projected labor shortage within the next decades. The stated goal is to entice Danes to work more in order to compensate for the decreasing workforce, by lowering tax on wages and gradually lowering welfare payments to those outside of the labor market to increase the economic benefit of working relative to receiving welfare.[21] On 3 February 2014, the Socialist People's Party left the government in protest over the sale of shares in the public energy company "DONG Energy to the investment bank "Goldman Sachs.[22]

Because of the government's minority status and because of its dependency on the support of the Liberal party, the government had to jettison many of the policies that the Social Democrat - Socialist Peoples party coalition had given during the campaign. Although critics have accused the government of breaking its promises, other studies argue that it has already accomplished half of its stated goals, blaming instead poor public relations strategies for its increasingly negative public image.[23]

The government has pursued a centrist compromise agenda, building several reforms with support from both sides of the parliament. This has caused friction with the supporting Red-Green Alliance, which has been kept outside of influence.[19]

In opposition: 2015-present[edit]

In the "2015 election, the Social Democrats gained seats and became the biggest party in the parliament again, yet lost government because the parties of the Right had a majority.

Electoral performance[edit]

The Social Democrats governed Denmark for most of the 20th century, with a few intermissions, such as the "Conservative-led government of "Poul Schlüter in the 1980s. It continued to be Denmark's largest party until 2001 when "Anders Fogh Rasmussen's liberal "Venstre Party gained a landslide victory, becoming the largest party and forming a centre-right government.

"Folketing election Number of votes Share of votes (%) Number of seats
"1884 7,000 4.9
2 / 102
"1887 8,000 3.5
1 / 102
"1890 17,000 7.3
3 / 102
"1892 20,000 8.9
2 / 102
"1895 24,510 11.3
8 / 114
"1898 31,870 14.2
12 / 114
"1901 38,398 17.8
14 / 114
"1903 48,117 21.0
16 / 114
"1906 76,612 25.4
24 / 114
"1909 93,079 29.0
24 / 114
"1910 98,718 28.3
24 / 114
"1913 107,365 29.6
32 / 114
"1915 N/A N/A
32 / 114
"1918 262,796 28.7
39 / 140
"April 1920 300,345 29.2
42 / 140
"July 1920 285,166 29.8
42 / 140
"September 1920 389,653 32.2
48 / 149
"1924 469,949 36.6
55 / 149
"1926 497,106 37.2
53 / 149
"1929 593,191 41.8
61 / 149
"1932 660.839 42.7
62 / 149
"1935 759,102 46.4
68 / 149
"1939 729,619 42.9
64 / 149
"1943 894,632 44.5
66 / 149
"1945 671,755 32.8
48 / 149
"1947 836,231 41.2
57 / 150
"1950 813,224 39.6
59 / 151
"April 1953 836,507 40.4
61 / 151
"September 1953 894,913 41.3
74 / 179
"1957 910,170 39.4
70 / 179
"1960 1,023,794 42.1
76 / 179
"1964 1,103,667 41.9
76 / 179
"1966 1,068,911 38.2
69 / 179
"1968 974,833 34.2
62 / 179
"1971 1,074,777 37.3
70 / 179
"1973 783,145 25.6
46 / 179
"1975 913,155 29.9
53 / 179
"1977 1,150,355 37.0
65 / 179
"1979 1,213,456 38.3
68 / 179
"1981 1,026,726 32.9
59 / 179
"1984 1,062,561 31.6
56 / 179
"1987 985,906 29.3
54 / 179
"1988 992,682 29.8
55 / 179
"1990 1,221,121 37.4
69 / 179
"1994 1,150,048 34.6
62 / 179
"1998 1,223,620 35.9
63 / 179
"2001 1,003,023 29.1
52 / 179
"2005 867,350 25.8
47 / 179
"2007 881,037 25.5
45 / 179
"2011 879,615 24.8
44 / 179
"2015 925,288 26.3
47 / 179

Municipal Councils[edit]

Date Seats
# ±
"1925
1,840 / 11,289
"1929
1,957 / 11,329
Increase 117
"1933
2,218 / 11,424
Increase 261
"1937
2,496 / 11,425
Increase 278
"1943
2,713 / 10,569
Increase 217
"1946
2,975 / 11,488
Increase 262
"1950
2,960 / 11,499
Decrease 15
"1954
3,139 / 11,505
Increase 179
"1958
3,023 / 11,529
Decrease 116
"1962
2,196 / 11,414
Decrease 827
"1966
2,638 / 10,005
Increase 442
"1970
1,769 / 4,677
Decrease 769
"1974
1,532 / 4,735
Decrease 237
"1978
1,704 / 4,759
Increase 172
"1981
1,601 / 4,769
Decrease 103
"1985
1,722 / 4,773
Increase 121
"1989
1,753 / 4,737
Increase 31
"1993
1,700 / 4,703
Decrease 53
"1997
1,648 / 4,685
Decrease 52
"2001
1,551 / 4,647
Decrease 97
"2005
900 / 2,522
Decrease 651
"2009
801 / 2,468
Decrease 99
"2013
773 / 2,444
Decrease 28
"2017
842 / 2,432
Increase 69

Amt & Regional Councils[edit]

Date Seats
# ±
"1935
85 / 299
"1943
92 / 299
Increase 7
"1946
94 / 299
Increase 2
"1950
89 / 299
Decrease 5
"1954
97 / 299
Increase 8
"1958
96 / 303
Decrease 1
"1962
100 / 301
Increase 4
"1966
99 / 303
Decrease 1
"1970
162 / 366
Increase 63
"1974
135 / 370
Decrease 27
"1978
144 / 370
Increase 9
"1981
140 / 370
Decrease 4
"1985
143 / 374
Increase 3
"1989
146 / 374
Increase 3
"1993
136 / 374
Decrease 10
"1997
136 / 374
Steady 0
"2001
129 / 374
Decrease 7
"2005
77 / 205
Decrease 52
"2009
68 / 205
Decrease 9
"2013
67 / 205
Decrease 1
"2017
70 / 205
Increase 3

European Parliament[edit]

Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
% of
Danish vote
# of
overall seats won
# of
Danish seats won
+/–
"1979 382,487 21.9 (#1)
3 / 16
"1984 387,098 19.4 (#3)
3 / 16
Steady 0
"1989 417,076 23.3 (#1)
4 / 16
Increase 1
"1994 329,202 15.8 (#3)
3 / 16
Decrease 1
"1999 324,256 16.5 (#2)
3 / 16
Steady 0
"2004 618,412 32.6 (#1)
5 / 14
Increase 2
"2009 503,982 21.5 (#1)
4 / 13
Decrease 1
"2014 435,245 19.1 (#2)
3 / 13
Decrease 1

Leaders of the Social Democrats[edit]

International affiliations[edit]

The party was a member of the "Labour and Socialist International between 1923 and 1940.[24] It is now a member of the "Progressive Alliance,[25]["better source needed] an association of progressive social democratic parties. The Social Democrats are also a member of the "Party of European Socialists, while the party's "MEPs sit in the "Socialists & Democrats group.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "LO's faglige politiske beretning : 2011". Lo.dk. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram (2015). "Denmark". Parties and Elections in Europe. 
  3. ^ a b Merkel, Wolfgang; Alexander Petring; Christian Henkes; Christoph Egle (2008). Social Democracy in Power: the capacity to reform. London: Taylor & Francis. "ISBN "0-415-43820-9. 
  4. ^ "AKVA3: Valg til regions råd efter område, parti og stemmer/kandidater/køn". Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  5. ^ "VALGK3: Valg til kommunale råd efter område, parti og stemmer/kandidater/køn". Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 13 June 2010. 
  6. ^ "Socialdemokratiet skifter navn". BT/Ritzau. 2002-09-14. Retrieved 2016-09-26. 
  7. ^ Lange, Lasse; Holsten, Erik (2016-09-24). "Socialdemokratiet laver lille navneændring". Altinget. Retrieved 2016-09-26. 
  8. ^ "Handen Pa Hjertet". Socialdemokraterne.dk. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013.  Ledelse og ordførere
  10. ^ "Here are Denmark's new ministers". "The Copenhagen Post. 3 October 2011. Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2011. 
  11. ^ "Socialdemokraterne - Socialdemokratiet - Det Kongelige Bibliotek". Kb.dk. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  12. ^ 2. "Den skjulte forskel | Kristeligt Dagblad". Kristeligt-dagblad.dk. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Skou, p. 367
  14. ^ Mørch, Søren (2002). 24 statsministre: 24 fortællinger om magten i Danmark i det tyvende århundrede og en kort forklaring på, hvor den 25. er blevet af. Copenhagen: Gyldendal. p. 165. "ISBN "9788702003611.  (in Danish)
  15. ^ Svensson, Palle (January 1974). "Support for the Danish Social Democratic Party 1924–39 — Growth and Response". "Scandinavian Political Studies. "Wiley. 9 (A9): 127–146. "doi:10.1111/j.1467-9477.1974.tb00536.x.  Full text.
  16. ^ Volkesn, Andrea. 2004. Policy Changes of European Social Democrats 1945-98. in Giuliano Bonoli (ed.) "Social Democratic Party Policies in Contemporary Europe". Psychology Press.
  17. ^ "Socialdemokraterne - English version - Votes and seats". S-dialog.dk. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  18. ^ Lee, William (6 October 2011). "Denmark's New Government Rolls Back an Anti-Immigrant Legacy | TIME.com". World.time.com. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  19. ^ a b "Government defends tax deal with opposition | The Copenhagen Post | The Danish News in English". Cphpost.dk. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "PM supports call to raise top tax threshold | The Copenhagen Post | The Danish News in English". Cphpost.dk. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "Helle Thorning-Schmidt: Danes must work more — Nordic Labour Journal". Nordiclabourjournal.org. 6 October 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  22. ^ Hakim, Danny (30 January 2014). "Goldman Deal Threatens Danish Government". "The New York Times. Retrieved 24 June 2015. 
  23. ^ "Government on track but off message | The Copenhagen Post | The Danish News in English". Cphpost.dk. Retrieved 18 November 2013. 
  24. ^ Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985. p. 290
  25. ^ "Member Parties". 

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