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Main article: "Sonia Sotomayor Supreme Court nomination
President Barack Obama meets with Judge Sonia Sotomayor and Vice President Joseph Biden prior to an announcement in the East Room, May 26, 2009

Since President "Barack Obama's election there was speculation that Sotomayor could be a leading candidate for a Supreme Court seat.[76][115][116][168] New York Senators "Charles Schumer and "Kirsten Gillibrand wrote a joint letter to Obama urging him to appoint Sotomayor, or alternatively Interior Secretary "Ken Salazar, to the Supreme Court if a vacancy should arise during his term.[169] The White House first contacted Sotomayor on April 27, 2009, about the possibility of her nomination.[170] On April 30, 2009, Justice "David Souter's retirement plans leaked to the media, and Sotomayor received early attention as a possible nominee for Souter's seat to be vacated in June 2009.[171] On May 25, Obama informed Sotomayor of his choice; she later said, "I had my [hand] over my chest, trying to calm my beating heart, literally."[172] On May 26, 2009, Obama nominated her.[173] She became only the second jurist to be nominated to three different judicial positions by three different presidents.[174] The selection appeared to closely match Obama's presidential campaign promise that he would nominate judges who had "the heart, the empathy, to recognize what it's like to be a teenage mom. The empathy to understand what it's like to be poor, or African-American, or gay, or disabled, or old."[175]

Sotomayor's nomination won praise from Democrats and liberals, and Democrats appeared to have sufficient votes to confirm her.[176] The strongest criticism of her nomination came from conservatives and some Republican senators regarding a line she had used in similar forms in a number of her speeches, particularly in a 2001 "Berkeley Law lecture:[131][176] "I would hope that a wise Latina woman with the richness of her experiences would more often than not reach a better conclusion than a white male who hasn't lived that life."[17] Sotomayor had made similar remarks in other speeches between 1994 and 2003, including one she submitted as part of her confirmation questionnaire for the Court of Appeals in 1998, but they had attracted little attention at the time.[177][178] The remark now became widely known.[179] The rhetoric quickly became inflamed, with radio commentator "Rush Limbaugh and former Republican "Speaker of the House of Representatives "Newt Gingrich calling Sotomayor a "racist" (although the latter later backtracked from that claim),[180] while "John Cornyn and other Republican senators denounced such attacks but said that Sotomayor's approach was troubling.[181][182] Backers of Sotomayor offered a variety of explanations in defense of the remark,[183] and "White House Press Secretary "Robert Gibbs stated that Sotomayor's word choice in 2001 had been "poor".[181] Sotomayor subsequently clarified her remark through "Senate Judiciary Committee chair "Patrick Leahy, saying that while life experience shapes who one is, "ultimately and completely" a judge follows the law regardless of personal background.[184] Of her cases, the Second Circuit rulings in "Ricci v. DeStefano received the most attention during the early nomination discussion,[185] motivated by the Republican desire to focus on the reverse racial discrimination aspect of the case.[179] In the midst of her confirmation process the Supreme Court overturned that ruling on June 29.[154] A third line of Republican attack against Sotomayor was based on her ruling in Maloney v. Cuomo and was motivated by gun ownership advocates concerned about her interpretation of Second Amendment rights.[179] Some of the fervor with which conservatives and Republicans viewed the Sotomayor nomination was due to their grievances over the history of federal judicial nomination battles going back to the 1987 "Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination.[186]

A "Gallup poll released a week after the nomination showed 54 percent of Americans in favor of Sotomayor's confirmation compared with 28 percent in opposition.[187] A June 12 "Fox News poll showed 58 percent of the public disagreeing with her "wise Latina" remark but 67 percent saying the remark should not disqualify her from serving on the Supreme Court.[188] The "American Bar Association gave her a unanimous "well qualified" assessment, its highest mark for professional qualification.[107] Following the Ricci overruling, "Rasmussen Reports and "CNN/"Opinion Research polls showed that the public was now sharply divided, largely along partisan and ideological lines, as to whether Sotomayor should be confirmed.[189][190]

Sotomayor before the Senate Judiciary Committee for the first day of hearings on July 13, 2009

Sotomayor's confirmation hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee began on July 13, 2009, during which she backed away from her "wise Latina" remark, declaring it "a rhetorical flourish that fell flat" and stating that "I do not believe that any ethnic, racial or gender group has an advantage in sound judgment."[191][192] When Republican senators confronted her regarding other remarks from her past speeches, she pointed to her judicial record and said she had never let her own life experiences or opinions influence her decisions.[193] Republican senators said that while her rulings to this point might be largely traditional, they feared her Supreme Court rulings – where there is more latitude with respect to precedent and interpretation – might be more reflective of her speeches.[194][195] Sotomayor defended her position in Ricci as following applicable precedent.[191] When asked whom she admired, she pointed to Justice "Benjamin N. Cardozo.[196] In general, Sotomayor followed the hearings formula of recent past nominees by avoiding stating personal positions, declining to take positions on controversial issues likely to come before the Court, agreeing with senators from both parties, and repeatedly affirming that as a justice she would just apply the law.[197] On July 28, 2009, the Senate Judiciary Committee approved Sotomayor's nomination; the 13–6 vote was almost entirely along party lines, with no Democrats opposing her and only one Republican supporting her.[198] On August 6, 2009, Sotomayor was confirmed by the full Senate by a vote of 68–31.[199] The vote was largely along party lines, with no Democrats opposing her and nine Republicans supporting her.[200]

President Obama commissioned Sotomayor on the day of her confirmation;[201] Sotomayor was sworn in on August 8, 2009, by Chief Justice "John Roberts.[202] Sotomayor is the first "Hispanic to serve on the Supreme Court.[199][200][203][204] "Some attention has been given to Justice "Benjamin Cardozo – a "Sephardic Jew believed to be of distant "Portuguese descent – as the first Hispanic on the court when appointed in 1932, but his roots were uncertain, the term "Hispanic" was not in use as an ethnic identifier at the time, and the Portuguese are generally excluded from its meaning.[204][205][206] Sotomayor is among four women to have historically served on the Court, together with "Sandra Day O'Connor, "Ruth Bader Ginsburg and "Elena Kagan, the last of whom won confirmation a year after Sotomayor by a comparable 63–37 vote.[207] Sotomayor's appointment gives the Court a record six "Roman Catholic justices serving at the same time.[5] Sotomayor became one of the three youngest of the justices sitting on the Court, along with "John Roberts and "Elena Kagan.[208]


The four women who have served on the Supreme Court: "Sandra Day O'Connor, Sotomayor, "Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and "Elena Kagan

Sotomayor cast her first vote as an associate Supreme Court justice on August 17, 2009, in a stay of execution case.[209] She was given a warm welcome onto the Court[210] and was formally "invested in a September 8 ceremony.[211] Sotomayor's inaugural case in which she heard arguments was on September 9 during a special session, "Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. It involved the controversial aspect of the "First Amendment and the rights of corporations in campaign finance;[212] Sotomayor dissented.[213][214] In her vigorous examination of "Floyd Abrams, representing the First Amendment issues in the case, Sotomayor challenged him, questioning 19th century rulings of the Court and saying, "What you are suggesting is that the courts, who created corporations as persons, gave birth to corporations as persons, and there could be an argument made that that was the Court's error to start with ... [imbuing] a creature of State law with human characteristics."[212][215]

Sotomayor's first major written opinion was a dissent in the "Berghuis v. Thompkins case dealing with "Miranda rights.[213][216] As her first year neared completion, Sotomayor said she felt swamped by the intensity and heavy workload of the job.[216] During the oral arguments for "National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, Sotomayor showed her increasing familiarity with the Court and its protocols by directing the opening questions of the arguments to "Donald Verrilli, the "Solicitor General who was representing the government's position.[217]

In succeeding Justice Souter, Sotomayor had done little to change the philosophical and ideological balance of the Court.[213][214][216] While many cases are decided unanimously or with different voting coalitions, Sotomayor has continued to be a reliable member of the liberal bloc of the court when the justices divide along the commonly perceived ideological lines.[218] Specifically, her voting pattern and judicial philosophy has been in close agreement with that of Justices Breyer, Ginsburg and Kagan.[219] During her first couple of years there, Sotomayor voted with Ginsburg and Breyer 90 percent of the time, one of the highest agreement rates on the Court.[213][220] In a 2015 article titled "Ranking the Most Liberal Modern Supreme Court Justices", Alex Greer identified Sotomayor as representing a more liberal voting pattern than both Elena Kagan and Ruth Bader Ginsburg.[221] Greer placed Sotomayor as having the most liberal voting history of all the current sitting Justices, and slightly less liberal than her predecessors Thurgood Marshall and John Marshall Harlan II on the Court.[221]

Justices Roberts, Kennedy, Thomas, and Alito (and former Justice Scalia) have comprised the identifiable conservative wing of the Court.[222] Although, five of the justices on the Supreme Court self-identify as having Roman Catholic affiliation, Sotomayor's voting history identifies her singly among them with the liberal bloc of the Court. However, there is a wide divergence among Catholics in general in their approaches to the law.[5] Due to her upbringing and her past jobs and positions, Sotomayor has brought one of the more diverse set of life experiences to the court.[223]

There have been some deviations from the ideological pattern. In a 2013 book on the Roberts Court, author Marcia Coyle assessed Sotomayor's position on the "Confrontation Clause of the "Sixth Amendment as a strong guarantee of the right of a defendant to confront his or her accusers.[219] Sotomayor's judicial philosophy on the issue is seen as being in parity with Elena Kagan and, unexpectedly for Sotomayor, also in at least partial agreement with the "originalist reading of Antonin Scalia when applied to the clause.

On January 20 and 21, 2013, Sotomayor administered the oath to Vice President "Joe Biden for "the inauguration of his second term. Sotomayor became the first Hispanic and fourth woman to administer the oath to a president or vice president.[224]

By the end of her fifth year on the court, Sotomayor had become especially visible in oral arguments and in passionate dissents from various majority rulings, especially those involving issues of race, gender and ethnic identity.[225] Sotomayor has shown her individuality on the Court in a number of decisions. In her reading of the constitutionality of the Obama health care law favoring the poor and disabled, she sided with Ginsburg against fellow liberals Breyer and Kagan.[226] In dealing with the Chief Justice, Sotomayor had no difficulty in responding to his statement that "the way to stop discrimination on the basis of race is to stop discrimination on the basis of race," by stating, "I don't borrow Chief Justice Roberts's description of what color-blindness is... Our society is too complex to use that kind of analysis."[227] In the manufacturer liability case of "Williamson v. Mazda, which the court decided unanimously, she wrote a separate concurring opinion.[228] Sotomayor's rapport with her clerks is seen as more formalistic than some of the other justices as she requires detailed and rigorous evaluations of cases she is considering with a table of contents attached.[229] When compared to Kagan directly, one of their colleagues stated, "Neither of them is a shrinking violet". Coyle, in her 2013 book on the Roberts Court stated that: "Both women are more vocal during arguments than the justices whom they succeeded, and they have energized the moderate-liberal side of the bench."[230]

During her tenure on the court, Sotomayor has also become recognizable as being among the court's strongest voices in supporting the rights of the accused.[231] She has been identified by "Laurence Tribe as the foremost voice on the court calling for reforming criminal justice adjudication – in particular as it relates misconduct by police and prosecutors, abuses in prisons, concerns about how the death penalty is used, and the potential for loss of privacy – and Tribe has compared her will to reform in general to that of past Chief Justice "Earl Warren.[232]

Notable rulings[edit]

"J.D.B. v. North Carolina was a 2011 case in which the "Supreme Court of the United States held that age is relevant when determining police "custody for "Miranda purposes. Sotomayor was assigned to write the majority opinion in the case. J.D.B. was a 13-year-old student enrolled in "special education classes whom police had suspected of committing two robberies. A police investigator visited J.D.B. at school, where he was interrogated by the investigator, a uniformed police officer, and school officials. J.D.B. subsequently confessed to his crimes and was convicted. J.D.B. was not given a Miranda warning during the interrogation, nor an opportunity to contact his "legal guardian. During the trial, attempts to suppress the statements given by J.D.B. because he was not given a Miranda warning were denied on the grounds that J.D.B. was not in police custody. The case was appealed and the Supreme Court agreed to hear the case. Sotomayor's opinion for the Court held that a child's age properly informs the Miranda custody analysis. Her opinion underscored the dangers of not applying age to the custody analysis, writing: "to hold... that a child's age is never relevant to whether a suspect has been taken into custody— and thus to ignore the very real differences between children and adults— would be to deny children the full scope of the procedural safeguards that Miranda guarantees to adults".[233] The opinion cited Stansbury v. California where the Court held that a child's age "would have affected how a reasonable person" in the suspect's position "would perceive his or her freedom to leave". "Yarborough v. Alvarado was also cited, where the Court wrote that a child's age "generates commonsense conclusions about behavior and perception". Finally, Sotomayor's opinion pointed out that the law reflects the idea that a child's judgment is not the same as an adult's, in the form of legal disqualifications on children as a class (e.g. limitations on a child's ability to marry without parental consent). Sotomayor's opinion was challenged by "Associate Justice "Samuel Alito who wrote a dissenting opinion for four Justices.

A particularly fractious "United States Supreme Court case was 2012's "United States v. Alvarez, involving judicial review in which the Court struck down the "Stolen Valor Act, a federal law that criminalized false statements about having a military medal. The law had been passed as an effort to stem instances where people falsely claimed to have won the medal in an attempt to protect the "valor" of those who really had. While a 6-3 majority of the Supreme Court agreed that the law was unconstitutional under the "First Amendment's free speech protections, it could not agree on a single rationale. Sotomayor was among four justices, along with Justices Roberts, Ginsburg and Kennedy, who concluded that a statement's falsity is not enough, by itself, to exclude speech from First Amendment protection. Justices Breyer and Kagan concluded that while false statements were entitled to some protection, the Stolen Valor Act was invalid because it could have achieved its objectives in less restrictive ways. Justices Scalia, Thomas and Alito were in dissent.[234]

Most visibly during the 2012 term, in "National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, Sotomayor was part of a landmark 5–4 majority that upheld most of the provisions of the "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (while being part of a dissent against the reliance upon the Constitution's "Taxing and Spending Clause rather than "Commerce Clause in arriving at the support). Legal writer "Jeffrey Toobin wrote, "Sotomayor's concerns tended toward the earthbound and practical. Sometimes, during oral arguments, she would go on tangents involving detailed questions about the facts of cases that would leave her colleagues stupefied, sinking into their chairs. This time, though, she had a simple line of inquiry. States require individuals to buy automobile insurance (implicitly suggesting the unavoidable comparison to health insurance and the fairness of the applying the same principle to health insurance as well)."[235] Sotomayor concluded with the incisive rhetorical flourish in the Court directed at the attorneys: "Do you think that if some states decided not to impose an insurance requirement that the federal government would be without power to legislate and require every individual to buy car insurance?" For Toobin, this distinction drawn by Sotomayor was the heart of the argument for the case in which she was part of the prevailing majority opinion.[235]

In another high-profile June 2012 decision at the end of her third term, Sotomayor was part of a 5–3 majority in "Arizona v. United States that struck down several aspects of the "Arizona SB 1070 anti-illegal immigration law.[236] The Arizona case was decided as a compromise verdict with Sotomayor joining Justices Roberts, Kennedy, Ginsburg and Breyer in the majority, with Justice Kagan not participating.[237]

In 2013, Sotomayor's unjoined concurrence in the prior year's "United States v. Jones decision, in which she said that in the digital age, "It may be necessary to reconsider the premise that an individual has no reasonable expectation of privacy in information voluntarily disclosed to third parties," was cited by federal judge "Richard Leon in his ruling that the "National Security Agency's "bulk collection of Americans' telephony records likely violated the "Fourth Amendment.[238] Law professors "Adam Winkler and "Laurence Tribe were among those who said that Sotomayor's Jones concurrence had been influential in calling out the need for a new basis in understanding privacy requirements in a world, as she wrote, "in which people reveal a great deal of information about themselves to third parties in the course of carrying out mundane tasks."[238]

On July 3, 2014, six justices ordered an injunction that allowed "Wheaton College of Illinois, a religiously affiliated university, an exemption from complying with Affordable Care Act's "mandate on contraception.[239] It came in the immediate wake of the Court's 5–4 decision in "Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, in which the conservative bloc had prevailed, and was opposed by the court's three female members: Sotomayor, Ginsburg and Kagan. They suggested that the Hobby Lobby decision was not the Court's conclusive opinion on birth control. In her dissent to the injunction, Sotomayor wrote that, "Those who are bound by our decisions usually believe they can take us at our word ... Not today." Sotomayor stated further her opinion that the decision compromised "hundreds of Wheaton's employees and students of their legal entitlement to contraceptive coverage."[239]

Other activities[edit]

Sotomayor with her nephews at "Yankee Stadium in 2007

Sotomayor was an "adjunct professor at "New York University School of Law from 1998 to 2007.[240] There she taught trial and appellate advocacy as well as a federal appellate court seminar.[240] Beginning in 1999, she was also a lecturer in law at "Columbia Law School in a paying, "adjunct faculty position.[85][241] While there she created and co-taught a class called the Federal Appellate Externship each semester from 2000 until her departure; it combined classroom, moot court, and Second Circuit chambers work.[241] She became a member of the Board of Trustees of "Princeton University in 2006, concluding her term in 2011.[49][242] In 2008, Sotomayor became a member of the "Belizean Grove, an invitation-only women's group modeled after the men's "Bohemian Grove.[243] On June 19, 2009, Sotomayor resigned from the Belizean Grove after Republican politicians voiced concerns over the group's membership policy.[244]

Sotomayor has maintained a public presence, mostly through making speeches, since joining the federal judiciary and throughout her time on the Supreme Court.[245][246] She gave over 180 speeches between 1993 and 2009, about half of which either focused on issues of ethnicity or gender or were delivered to minority or women's groups.[245] While on the Supreme Court she has been invited to give commencement addresses at a number of universities including "New York University (2012),[247] "Yale University (2013),[248] and the "University of Puerto Rico (2014).[246][249] Her speeches have tended to give a more defined picture of her worldview than her rulings on the bench.[170] The themes of her speeches have often focused on ethnic identity and experience, the need for diversity, and America's struggle with the implications of its diverse makeup.[170] She has also presented her career achievements as an example of the success of affirmative action policies in university admissions, saying "I am the perfect affirmative action baby" in regard to her belief that her admission test scores were not comparable to those of her classmates.[33][34] During 2012 while already on the Supreme Court, Sotomayor made two appearances as herself on the children's television program "Sesame Street, explaining what a vocational career is in general and then demonstrating how a judge hears a case.[250][251]

Sotomayor long lived in "Greenwich Village in New York City and had few financial assets other than her home.[170] She enjoys shopping, traveling, and giving gifts and helps support her mother and her mother's husband in Florida.[252] Regarding her short financial disclosure reports prior to her Supreme Court nomination, she has said, "When you don't have money, it's easy. There isn't anything there to report."[53] As a federal judge, she is entitled to a pension equal to her full salary upon retirement.[252] Upon joining the Supreme Court, she took up residence in Washington but sorely missed the faster-paced life of New York.[60] After renting in the "Cleveland Park neighborhood for three years, in 2012 she purchased a condominium in the "U Street Corridor.[253] She said, "I picked [that area] because it's mixed. I walk out and I see all kinds of people, which is the environment I grew up in and the environment I love."[60]

She takes several daily insulin injections,[254] and her diabetes is considered to be well controlled.[255] Sotomayor does not belong to a "Catholic parish or attend "Mass, but does attend church for important occasions.[5] She has said, "I am a very spiritual person [though] maybe not traditionally religious in terms of Sunday Mass every week, that sort of thing. The trappings are not important to me, but, yes, I do believe in God. And, yes, I do believe in the commandments."[60]

She maintains ties with Puerto Rico, visiting once or twice a year, speaking there occasionally, and visiting cousins and other relatives who still live in the "Mayagüez area.[11][12][15] She has long stressed her ethnic identity, saying in 1996, "Although I am an American, love my country and could achieve its opportunity of succeeding at anything I worked for, I also have a Latina soul and heart, with the magic that carries."[25]

Sotomayor said of the years following her divorce, that "I have found it difficult to maintain a relationship while I've pursued my career."[69] She has talked of herself as "emotionally withdrawn" and lacking "genuine happiness" when living by herself; after becoming a judge, she said she would not date lawyers.[67] In 1997, she was engaged to New York construction contractor Peter White, but the relationship had ended by 2000.[10][67]

In July 2010, Sotomayor signed a contract with "Alfred A. Knopf to publish a memoir about the early part of her life.[256] She received an advance of nearly $1.2 million for the work,[257] which was published in January 2013 and titled "My Beloved World[60] (Mi mundo adorado in the simultaneously published Spanish edition). It focuses on her life up to 1992, with recollections of growing up in housing projects in New York and descriptions of the challenges she faced.[60] It received good reviews, with "Michiko Kakutani of the "New York Times describing it as "a compelling and powerfully written memoir about identity and coming of age. ... It's an eloquent and affecting testament to the triumph of brains and hard work over circumstance, of a childhood dream realized through extraordinary will and dedication."[258] She staged a book tour to promote the work,[259] and it debuted atop the "New York Times Best Seller List.[260]

On December 31, 2013, Sotomayor pressed the ceremonial button and led the final 60-second countdown at the "Times Square New Year's Eve ball drop, being the first United States Supreme Court justice to perform the task.[261][262]

Awards and honors[edit]

Sotomayor at the 2017 John P. Frank Memorial Lecture at Arizona State University as the guest of honor.

Sotomayor has received honorary law degrees from "Lehman College (1999),[105] "Princeton University (2001),[105] "Brooklyn Law School (2001),[105] "Pace University School of Law (2003),[263] "Hofstra University (2006),[85] "Northeastern University School of Law (2007),[264] "Howard University (2010),[265] "St. Lawrence University (2010),[266] "New York University (2012),[247]"Yale University (2013),[248] and the "University of Puerto Rico (2014).[249]

She was elected a member of the "American Philosophical Society in 2002.[267] She was given the Outstanding Latino Professional Award in 2006 by the Latino/a Law Students Association.[268] In 2008, "Esquire magazine included Sotomayor on its list of "The 75 Most Influential People of the 21st Century".[269] In 2013, Sotomayor won the Woodrow Wilson Award at her alma mater Princeton University.[270]

In June 2010, the Bronxdale Houses development, where Sotomayor grew up, was renamed after her. The Justice Sonia Sotomayor Houses and Justice Sonia Sotomayor Community Center comprise 28 buildings with some 3,500 residents. While many New York housing developments are named after well-known people, this was only the second to be named after a former resident.[271] In 2011, the "Sonia M. Sotomayor Learning Academies, a public high school complex in "Los Angeles, was named after her.[272]

In 2013, a painting featuring her, "Sandra Day O'Connor, "Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and "Elena Kagan was unveiled at the Smithsonian's National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.[273] According to the Smithsonian at the time, the painting was on loan to the museum for three years.[273]

In May 2015 she received the "Katharine Hepburn medal from "Bryn Mawr College.[274] The Katharine Hepburn Medal recognizes women who change their worlds: those whose lives, work, and contributions embody the intelligence, drive, and independence of the four-time Oscar winner and her namesake mother, an early feminist activist.[274]



See also[edit]



  1. ^ "Members of the Supreme Court of the United States". "Supreme Court of the United States. Retrieved April 26, 2010.  Her commission date was August 6, per the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges at the "Federal Judicial Center site, but the Supreme Court site states: "The date a Member of the Court took his/her Judicial oath (the Judiciary Act provided 'That the Justices of the Supreme Court, and the district judges, before they proceed to execute the duties of their respective offices, shall take the following oath ...') is here used as the date of the beginning of his/her service, for until that oath is taken he/she is not vested with the prerogatives of the office."
  2. ^ Epstein, Lee; Segal, Jeffrey A.; Spaeth, Harold J.; Walker, Thomas G. (July 29, 2015). "The Supreme Court Compendium: Data, Decisions, and Developments". CQ Press – via Google Books. 
  3. ^ Sotomayor says she's no Democrat, eager to show her independence on court
  4. ^ Audio file of Sotomayor's pronunciation of her name.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Goodstein, Laurie (May 30, 2009). "Sotomayor Would Be Sixth Catholic Justice, but the Pigeonholing Ends There". The New York Times. Retrieved May 31, 2009. 
  6. ^ Sotomayor has used Maria as a middle name in the past but seems to have discontinued its use. See Princeton yearbook image. In her 2009 questionnaire response to the Senate Judiciary Committee considering her nomination, she listed "Sonia Sotomayor" as her current name, and "Sonia Maria Sotomayor", "Sonia Sotomayor de Noonan", "Sonia Maria Sotomayor Noonan", and "Sonia Noonan" as former names. See United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary: Questionnaire for Judicial Nominees, reprinted in proceedings of Senate Hearing no. 111-503, Confirmation Hearing On The Nomination Of Hon. Sonia Sotomayor, To Be An Associate Justice Of The Supreme Court Of The United States, p. 152. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Judge of the United States Courts – Sotomayor, Sonia". "Federal Judicial Center. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c Shane, Scott & Fernandez, Mandy (May 27, 2009). "A Judge's Own Story Highlights Her Mother's". The New York Times. Retrieved May 29, 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Hoffman, Jan (September 25, 1992). "A Breakthrough Judge: What She Always Wanted". The New York Times. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "Judge Sonia Sotomayor bio". "WABC-TV. May 27, 2009. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b c Coto, Danica (May 26, 2009). "Sotomayor Maintains Puerto Rican Roots". Newsvine. "Associated Press. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Cave, Damien (May 29, 2009). "In Puerto Rico, Supreme Court Pick With Island Roots Becomes a Superstar". The New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2009. 
  13. ^ a b c "Totenberg, Nina (January 12, 2013). "Sotomayor Opens Up About Childhood, Marriage In 'Beloved World'". "NPR. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (May 26, 2009). "Woman in the News: Sotomayor, a Trailblazer and a Dreamer". The New York Times. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b Grinberg, Emanuella (July 13, 2009). "Family hails Sonia Sotomayor's Puerto Rican roots". CNN. Retrieved July 14, 2009. 
  16. ^ Rahme, Dave (May 26, 2009). "Supreme Court nominee's brother hails from Syracuse suburb of Clay". "The Post-Standard. Retrieved May 31, 2009. 
  17. ^ a b c "A Latina judge's voice". "UC Berkeley School of Law. October 26, 2001. Retrieved May 31, 2009. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f Shulman, Robin (June 16, 2009). "Supreme Change". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 17, 2009. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g Lacayo, Richard (May 28, 2009). "Sonia Sotomayor: A Justice Like No Other". Time. Retrieved August 2, 2014. 
  20. ^ Alvarez, Lizette & Wilson, Michael (May 29, 2009). "Up and Out of New York's Projects". The New York Times. Retrieved May 30, 2009. 
  21. ^ Davidson, Amy (May 27, 2009). "Close Read: A Motorcycle, a playground, and a justice". The New Yorker. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h McKinley, James C. (April 1, 1995). "Woman in the News; Strike-Zone Arbitrator — Sonia Sotomayor". The New York Times. 
  23. ^ a b Shallwani, Pervaiz (May 27, 2009). "Resident in Sotomayor's old Bronx apartment feels pride". Newsday. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Smith, Greg B. (October 24, 1998). "Judge's Journey to Top: Bronx' Sotomayor Rose From Projects to Court of Appeals". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on August 3, 2009. 
  25. ^ a b Doyle, Michael (June 5, 2009). "Latina pride presents challenge and opportunity for Sotomayor". "McClatchy Newspapers. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  26. ^ a b Burch, Audra D.S. (May 28, 2009). "Sonia Sotomayor's mom shares spotlight". "The Miami Herald. 
  27. ^ Silva, Mark (May 26, 2009). "Sonia Sotomayor is Obama's Supreme Court nominee". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 14, 2009. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  28. ^ Daly, Michael (May 28, 2009). "Dreams live on at Sotomayor's old school, Blessed Sacrament in the Bronx". Daily News. New York. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  29. ^ "The President's Nominee: Judge Sonia Sotomayor" (Press release). "The White House. May 26, 2009. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  30. ^ Simon, Mallory (July 14, 2009). "Sotomayor was schoolgirl with focus, determination, friends say". CNN. Retrieved July 14, 2009. 
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h Goldstein, Amy & Markon, Jerry (May 27, 2009). "Heritage Shapes Judge's Perspective". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
  32. ^ a b c d Kuznia, Rob (May 26, 2009). "Hispanics Praise Selection of Sotomayor for Supreme Court; Republicans Wary". "Hispanic Business. Retrieved May 27, 2009. 
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External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
"John Walker
Judge of the "United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
Succeeded by
"Victor Marrero
Preceded by
"Daniel Mahoney
Judge of the "United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
Succeeded by
"Raymond Lohier
Preceded by
"David Souter
"Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
"United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
"Samuel Alito
as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
"Order of Precedence of the United States
as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
Succeeded by
"Elena Kagan
as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court
) )