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Southeast Region of the United States of America
Region
Southeastern United States
""Dark red states are usually included in definitions of the Southeastern United States. Light red states are considered "Southeastern" with less frequency.
Dark red states are usually included in definitions of the Southeastern United States. Light red states are considered "Southeastern" with less frequency.
Area
 • Total 580,835 sq mi (1,504,360 km2)
 • Land 540,511 sq mi (1,399,920 km2)
 • Water 40,324 sq mi (104,440 km2)  6.9%
Population (2013)
 • Total 87,438,243
 • Density 150.5/sq mi (58.1/km2)
"Time zone "EST/"CST
 • Summer ("DST) "EDT/"CDT ("UTC)

The Southeastern United States is the eastern portion of the "Southern United States, and the southern portion of the "Eastern United States. It comprises 14 states in the southern "United States.

Contents

Demographics[edit]

There is no official "Census Bureau definition of the southeastern United States. However, the "American Association of Geographers defines the southeastern United States as "Alabama, "Florida, "Georgia, "Kentucky, "Mississippi, "North Carolina, "South Carolina, "Tennessee, "Maryland, "Virginia, and "West Virginia.[1] The OSBO uses the same states, but includes "Arkansas and "Louisiana.

Most populous states[edit]

The most populous state in the region is Florida (20,612,439), followed by Georgia (10,310,371) and North Carolina (10,146,788).[2]

History[edit]

Culture[edit]

The predominant culture of the Southeast has its origins with the settlement of the region by "British colonists and "African slaves in the 17th century, as well as large groups of "English, "Scots and "Ulster-Scots, "Germans, "French, and "Acadians in succeeding centuries.

Climate[edit]

The southeastern part of the United States is dominated by different varieties of the "humid subtropical climate, but southern Florida such as the "Miami metropolitan area has a "tropical monsoon climate due to the significantly warmer winters. Summers are generally very hot throughout the entire region with relatively small temperature differences for July throughout the region, as proven by Miami's July high being 90.9 °F (32.7 °C), compared to "Virginia Beach recording close to 88 °F (31 °C) on average that time of the year.[3][4] With tropical air masses influencing the region, precipitation is high throughout the year, and unlike more westerly areas at similar latitudes, the Southeast is lush with vegetation. The tropical air masses do however cause significant hurricanes such as "Hurricane Andrew (1992) and "Hurricane Katrina (2005) wreaking havoc and causing significant damage to coastal areas. The winters highly vary depending on latitude and elevation. For example, "Jacksonville in northern Florida has an average low of 41 °F (5 °C) in January, only seeing snow a few times a decade while "Richmond, Virginia, has an average low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January and sees snow several times per year.

Economy[edit]

The Southeast has changed dramatically in the last two generations. Since 1980, there has been a "boom in its "service economy, manufacturing base, high technology industries, and the financial sector. Examples of this include the surge in "tourism in Florida and along the "Gulf Coast; numerous new automobile production plants such as "Mercedes-Benz in "Tuscaloosa, Alabama; "Hyundai in "Montgomery, Alabama; "Toyota Motors in "Blue Springs, Mississippi; "Kia in "West Point, Georgia; the "BMW production plant in "Greer, South Carolina; "Volkswagen in "Chattanooga, Tennessee; the "GM manufacturing plant in "Spring Hill, Tennessee; the "Volkswagen manufacturing plant in "Pulaski, Virginia;and the "Nissan North American headquarters in "Franklin, Tennessee; the two largest research parks in the country: "Research Triangle Park in the Triangle area of North Carolina (the world's largest) and the "Cummings Research Park in "Huntsville, Alabama (the world's fourth largest); and the corporate headquarters of "Verso Paper in "Memphis, as well as "FedEx, which is one of the world's largest shipping companies.

Fortune 500 companies having headquarters in the region include 20 in Virginia, 16 in Florida, 15 in North Carolina, and 14 in Georgia. This economic expansion has enabled parts of the South to have of some of the lowest unemployment rates in the United States.[5] In Alabama, there is a large-scale manufacturing project owned by the German steel megacorporation "ThyssenKrupp, which operates a massive, state-of-the-art facility in "Mobile.

Research and development[edit]

"Research Triangle Park, in the "Raleigh-Durham urban area of North Carolina, has emerged as a major hub of technology, governmental, and biotechnological research and development, as has the "Virginia BioTechnology Research Park in "Richmond. The "Cummings Research Park in the "Huntsville, Alabama area is the second largest research complex in the nation. Located in Huntsville is the "Redstone Arsenal, "United States Army Missile Command, the "U.S. Space & Rocket Center, "NASA's "Marshall Space Flight Center and many other key government, military, and aerospace agencies.

The "National High Magnetic Field Laboratory in "Tallahassee, Florida, is the largest laboratory in the world devoted to the study of magnetism.["citation needed] The "University of South Carolina is currently constructing a research campus in downtown "Columbia, and the university is the nation's only "National Science Foundation-funded Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for "Fuel Cells.[6]

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

There are a number of notable universities, with several large research universities which exert influence beyond the region. These include the oldest public universities in the country, the "University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, "College of William & Mary and "University of Georgia, along with the "University of Alabama, "University of Florida, "Auburn University, the "Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), "Virginia Tech, and the "University of Virginia.

There are a number of well-known private institutions, including "Wake Forest University and "Duke University in North Carolina, "Tulane University in "New Orleans, "Morehouse College, "Spelman College, and "Emory University in "Atlanta, the "University of Miami in Florida, "Tuskegee University in Alabama, and "Vanderbilt University in "Nashville, Tennessee.

The region is home to the greatest number of "historically black colleges and universities in the nation. The three largest in the region are "North Carolina A&T University, "Florida A&M University, and "Jackson State University.

Largest cities[edit]

These are the largest cities in the Southeastern region of the United States by population, according to the "United States Census Bureau:[7]

Rank City State Population (2015)
1 "Jacksonvillea[›] "Florida 868,031
2 "Charlotte "North Carolina 827,097
3 "Washington "District of Columbia 672,228
4 "Nashvillea[›] "Tennessee 660,388
5 "Memphis "Tennessee 652,717
6 "Baltimore "Maryland 621,849
7 "Louisvillea[›] "Kentucky 615,366
8 "Atlanta "Georgia 463,878
9 "Virginia Beach "Virginia 452,745
10 "Raleigh "North Carolina 451,066
11 "Miami "Florida 441,003
12 "New Orleans "Louisiana 389,617
13 "Tampa "Florida 369,075
14 "Lexington "Kentucky 314,488
15 "Greensboro "North Carolina 285,342
16 "Orlando "Florida 270,394
17 "Durham "North Carolina 257,636
18 "Saint Petersburg "Florida 257,083
19 "Norfolk "Virginia 246,393
20 "Winston-Salem "North Carolina 241,218
21 "Hialeah "Florida 237,069
22 "Chesapeake "Virginia 235,429
23 "Baton Rouge "Louisiana 228,590
24 "Richmond "Virginia 220,289
25 "Birmingham "Alabama 212,461
26 "Fayetteville "North Carolina 201,963
27 "Montgomery "Alabama 200,602
28 "Columbus "Georgia 200,579

Metropolitan Statistical Areas[edit]

These are the metropolitan areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1 million in population according to the "United States Census Bureau's 2016 estimates:[8]

Rank Metropolitan area Anchor city Population (2016) State(s)
1 "Washington-Arlington-Alexandria "Washington 6,131,977 "District of Columbia / "Virginia / "Maryland / "West Virginia
2 "Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach "Miami 6,066,387 "Florida
3 "Atlanta–Sandy Springs-Roswell "Atlanta 5,789,700 "Georgia
4 "Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater "Tampa 4,310,524 "Florida
5 "Baltimore-Columbia-Towson "Baltimore 2,798,886 "Maryland
6 "Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia "Charlotte 2,474,314 "North Carolina / "South Carolina
7 "Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford "Orlando 2,441,257 "Florida
8 "Nashville-Davidson-Murfreesboro-Franklin "Nashville 1,865,298 "Tennessee
9 "Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News "Virginia Beach 1,726,907 "Virginia / "North Carolina
10 "Jacksonville "Jacksonville 1,478,212 "Florida
11 "Memphis "Memphis 1,342,842 "Tennessee / "Mississippi / "Arkansas
12 "Raleigh "Raleigh 1,302,946 "North Carolina
13 "Louisville-Jefferson County "Louisville 1,283,430 "Kentucky / "Indiana
14 "Richmond-Petersburg "Richmond 1,281,708 "Virginia
15 "New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner "New Orleans 1,268,883 "Louisiana
16 "Birmingham-Hoover "Birmingham 1,147,417 "Alabama

Combined Statistical Areas[edit]

Beyond Megalopolis by "Virginia Tech's Metropolitan Institute, an attempt to update "Jean Gottmann's work with current trends, defines two ""megapolitan areas" contained within the Southeast, out of a total of ten such areas in the "United States:

Two others tie some areas on the margins of the Southeast to urban centers in other regions:

These are the combined statistical areas of the Southeastern region which exceed 1 million in population according to the "United States Census Bureau's 2016 estimates. Note that the metropolitan areas of Tampa and Richmond are not included in any CSAs, so they are included in the table without constituent areas.[9]

Rank Combined Statistical Area Population (2016) Constituent Core Based Statistical Areas
1 "Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area 9,882,634 "Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Winchester, VA-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area
"California-Lexington Park, MD Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Easton, MD Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Cambridge, MD Micropolitan Statistical Area
2 "Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Port St. Lucie, FL Combined Statistical Area 6,723,472 "Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Port St. Lucie, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Okeechobee, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area
3 "Atlanta–Athens-Clarke County–Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area 6,451,262 "Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area
"LaGrange, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Jefferson, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Calhoun, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Cedartown, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Thomaston, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
4 "Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater 4,310,524 MSA only
5 "Orlando-Deltona-Daytona Beach, FL Combined Statistical Area 3,202,927 "Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"The Villages, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
6 "Charlotte-Concord, NC-SC Combined Statistical Area 2,632,249 "Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Shelby, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Albemarle, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
7 "Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Combined Statistical Area 2,156,253 "Raleigh, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Durham-Chapel Hill, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Dunn, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Oxford, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Sanford, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Henderson, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
8 "Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro, TN Combined Statistical Area 1,987,778 "Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Shelbyville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Lawrenceburg, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Lewisburg, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
9 "Virginia Beach-Norfolk, VA-NC Combined Statistical Area 1,830,629 "Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Elizabeth City, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Kill Devil Hills, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
10 "Greensboro–Winston-Salem–High Point, NC Combined Statistical Area 1,650,019 "Greensboro-High Point, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Winston-Salem, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Burlington, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Mount Airy, NC Micropolitan Statistical Area
11 "Jacksonville-St. Marys-Palatka, FL-GA Combined Statistical Area 1,603,497 "Jacksonville, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Palatka, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area
"St. Marys, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area
12 "Louisville/Jefferson County–Elizabethtown–Madison, KY-IN Combined Statistical Area 1,510,945 "Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Bardstown, KY Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Madison, IN Micropolitan Statistical Area
13 "New Orleans-Metairie-Hammond, LA-MS Combined Statistical Area 1,501,213 "New Orleans-Metairie, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Hammond, LA Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Picayune, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Bogalusa, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area
14 "Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area 1,442,117 "Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Spartanburg, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Greenwood, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Seneca, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Gaffney, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area
15 "Memphis-Forrest City, TN-MS-AR Combined Statistical Area 1,369,038 "Memphis, TN-MS-AR Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Forrest City, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area
16 "Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega, AL Combined Statistical Area 1,361,299 "Birmingham-Hoover, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Talladega-Sylacauga, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Cullman, AL Micropolitan Statistical Area
17 "Richmond-Petersburg 1,245,764 MSA only
18 "Knoxville-Morristown-Sevierville, TN Combined Statistical Area 1,117,758 "Knoxville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Morristown, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Sevierville, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
"Newport, TN Micropolitan Statistical Area
19 "Cape Coral-Fort Myers-Naples, FL Combined Statistical Area 1,087,472 "Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
20 "North Port-Sarasota, FL Combined Statistical Area 1,002,722 "North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Punta Gorda, FL Metropolitan Statistical Area
"Arcadia, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area

Fauna[edit]

There are about two million "feral pigs in the Southeast. Around 500,000 are in Florida.[10]

Sports[edit]

In professional sports, the Southeast has seven "NFL teams: "Atlanta Falcons, "New Orleans Saints, "Miami Dolphins, "Tampa Bay Buccaneers, "Jacksonville Jaguars, "Carolina Panthers,and the "Tennessee Titans. The Falcons, Saints, Buccaneers and Panthers play in the "NFC South, the Jaguars and the Titans play in the "AFC South, and the Dolphins play in the "AFC East.

Three "Major League Baseball teams play in the Southeast: "Miami Marlins, "Atlanta Braves, and the "Tampa Bay Rays. The Braves, and Marlins play in the "NL East and the Rays play in the "AL East.

Four "Major League Lacrosse teams play in the southeast: "Chesapeake Bayhawks, "Florida Launch, "Charlotte Hounds, and the "Atlanta Blaze.

Seven "National Basketball Association teams play in the Southeast: "Washington Wizards, "Charlotte Hornets, "Atlanta Hawks, "Memphis Grizzlies, "Miami Heat, "Orlando Magic and "New Orleans Pelicans. The Wizards, Heat, Hornets, Magic and Hawks are in the "Eastern Conference and the Grizzlies and Pelicans are in the "Western Conference.

Five "National Hockey League, "NHL teams play in the southeast: "Carolina Hurricanes, "Florida Panthers, "Nashville Predators, "Tampa Bay Lightning, and the "Washington Capitals.

The "Southeastern Conference is an "NCAA Division 1 conference of Southeastern college teams, including the "Alabama Crimson Tide, "Auburn Tigers, "Kentucky Wildcats, "Ole Miss Rebels, "Florida Gators, "South Carolina Gamecocks, "Tennessee Volunteers and "Georgia Bulldogs, "Mississippi State Bulldogs, and "Vanderbilt Commodores. The "Sugar Bowl, "Orange Bowl, "Peach Bowl, and "Citrus Bowl are notable college football bowls held in Southeastern cities. The "Atlantic Coast Conference also features Southeastern teams, such as the "Florida State Seminoles, "Louisville Cardinals, "Miami Hurricanes, "Clemson Tigers and "Georgia Tech Yellow Jackets.

The majority of "NASCAR teams are headquartered in the Charlotte area along with the sports operations headquarters and media outlets. Tracks in the region include "Daytona International Speedway, "Homestead-Miami Speedway, "Talladega Superspeedway, "Bristol Motor Speedway, "Charlotte Motor Speedway, "Atlanta Motor Speedway, "Darlington Raceway, "Kentucky Speedway, "Martinsville Speedway, and "Richmond International Speedway.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Southeastern Division of the Association of American Geographers
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES): All States within the United States and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Miami, Florida Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  4. ^ "Virginia Beach, Virginia Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 29 December 2015. 
  5. ^ "State jobless rate below US average". The Decatur Daily. August 19, 2005. Retrieved 2007-02-12. 
  6. ^ "Business Partnership Opportunities". Innovista.sc.edu. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places of 50,000 or More, Ranked by July 1, 2015 Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015 - United States -- Places of 50,000+ Population (PEPANNRSIP)". American Factfinder. "United States Census Bureau, Population Division. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES): All Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas within United States and Puerto Rico". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (PEPANNRES)". American Factfinder. "United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 2, 2017. 
  10. ^ Waymer, Jim (September 19, 2013). "Refuge hopes new hunts help big pig problem". Florida Today. Melbourne, Florida. p. 1B. Retrieved September 19, 2013. 

External links[edit]

"Coordinates: 35°00′N 85°18′W / 35.0°N 85.3°W / 35.0; -85.3

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