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|Mission duration||189 days, 19 hours, 53 minutes|
|Spacecraft type||"Soyuz-TMA 11F732|
|Launch mass||7,200 kilograms (15,900 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||October 1, 2005, 03:55:00UTC|
|Launch site||"Baikonur "1/5|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||April 8, 2006, 23:48:00UTC|
|"Perigee||~200 kilometres (120 mi)|
|"Apogee||~252 kilometres (157 mi)|
|Docking with "ISS|
Soyuz TMA-7 ("Russian: Союз ТМА-7) was a transport mission for portions of the "International Space Station (ISS) "Expedition 12 crew launched October 1, 2005. The flight delivered ISS Commander "William McArthur and ISS Flight Engineer "Valery Tokarev to the station to replace "Expedition 11 crew members. Spaceflight Participant "Gregory Olsen joined the TMA-7 crew for the ascent and docking with the ISS, spent approximately eight days aboard conducting experiments, then returned to Earth with the outgoing members of Expedition 11 aboard "Soyuz TMA-6. McArthur and Tokarev were joined on their return trip to Earth by Flight Engineer "Marcos Pontes who launched aboard "Soyuz TMA-8 and spent approximately seven days aboard the ISS conducting experiments for the "Brazilian Space Agency.
|"Position||Launching crew||Landing crew|
|Commander||" "Valery Tokarev, "RKA
Second and last spaceflight
|Flight Engineer||" "William McArthur, "NASA
Fourth and last spaceflight
|Spaceflight Participant||" "Gregory Olsen, "SA
|" "Marcos Pontes, "AEB
28th manned flight to ISS (Flight 11S).
The spacecraft carried two members of the "Expedition 12 crew to the "International Space Station, together with the "space tourist "Gregory Olsen. They replaced the "Expedition 11 crew, Commander "Sergei Krikalev and "John Phillips.
This was the last flight which is covered by the 1996 "balance" agreement that required the Russians to provide 11 Soyuz spacecraft to ferry joint U.S-Russian crews to and from the International Space Station. Further Soyuz flights needed a renegotiation between NASA and its Russian counterpart, and a modification of the "Iran Nonproliferation Act of 2000.