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Main article: "Greenland–European Union relations

"Greenland joined the then "European Community in 1973 as a "county along with Denmark, but "voted to leave the EC in 1982 and left in 1985, to become an OCT. Citizens of Greenland are, nonetheless, "EU citizens owing to their Danish citizenship. The EU-Greenland relationship is a comprehensive partnership, which is complementary to the OCT association arrangements under "Council Decision 2013/755/EU"; based specifically on "Council Decision 2014/137 of 14 March 2014" (outlining the relations)[40] and the Fisheries Partnership Agreement of 30 July 2006.[41]

Special cases[edit]

While the outermost regions and the overseas countries and territories fall into structured categories to which common mechanisms apply, this is not true of all the special territories. Some territories have ad hoc arrangements in their relationship with the EU. Some of these could be called "protocol territories"["citation needed] as their status is governed by protocols attached to their respective countries' accession treaties. The rest owe their status to European Union legislative provisions which exclude the territories from the application of the legislation concerned. Many were opted out from either the "VAT area or the "customs union or both.[42]

Areas that are part of the EU Areas that are not part of the EU

Åland Islands[edit]

"Åland, a group of islands belonging to Finland, but with partial autonomy, located between Sweden and Finland, with a Swedish-speaking population, joined the EU along with "Finland in 1995. The islands had a separate referendum on accession and like the Finnish mainland voted in favour.

EU law, including the fundamental "four freedoms, applies to Åland.[43] However, there are some derogations due to the islands' special status. Åland is outside the VAT area[6] and is exempt from common rules in relation to "turnover taxes, excise duties and indirect taxation.[44] In addition, to protect the local economy, the treaty of accession allows for a concept of hembygdsrätt/kotiseutuoikeus (regional citizenship). Consequently, there are restrictions on the holding of property and real estate, the right of establishment for business purposes and limitations on who can provide services in Åland, for people not holding this status.[45] The status may be obtained by any Finnish citizen legally resident in Åland for 5 years that can demonstrate an adequate knowledge of the Swedish language.[46]

Büsingen am Hochrhein[edit]

The "German "exclave town of "Büsingen am Hochrhein, fully surrounded by "Switzerland, is in "customs union with the latter non-EU country.[47] The euro is legal tender, although the "Swiss franc is preferred.[48] Büsingen is excluded from the EU customs union and VAT area.[6] Swiss VAT and sales taxes are paid.[49]

Campione d'Italia and Livigno[edit]

The "Italian "exclave village of "Campione d'Italia is enclaved by "Switzerland's "Ticino "canton as well as "Lake Lugano (or Ceresio), and is a "comune in the "Province of Como, whilst "Livigno, a small and remote mountain resort town, is a comune in the "Province of Sondrio. Both comuni are part of the "Lombardy "region. Although part of the EU, they are excluded from the customs union and VAT area, with Livigno's tax status dating back to Napoleonic times.[6] Moreover, the only "legal tender in Campione d'Italia is the "Swiss franc,[50][51] although in practice shops and restaurants accept payments also in euro - and their bills present dual price display in both Euros and Francs.[52]

Ceuta and Melilla[edit]

"Ceuta and "Melilla are two Spanish cities on the North African coast. They are part of the EU but they are excluded from the "common agricultural and fisheries policies.[53] They are also outside the customs union and VAT area,[6] but no customs are levied on goods exported from the Union into either Ceuta and Melilla, and certain goods originating in Ceuta and Melilla are exempt from customs charges.

While nominally part of the Schengen Area, Spain performs identity checks on all sea and air passengers leaving the enclaves for elsewhere in the Schengen Area.[54]

Channel Islands[edit]

The "Bailiwick of Jersey and "Bailiwick of Guernsey—which form the "Channel Islands—are "Crown dependencies, under the sovereignty of the British monarch. The islands take part in the EU freedom of movement of goods but not labour, services or capital. They are outside the VAT area, but inside the customs union.[6]

Channel Islanders are British citizens and hence European citizens.[55] As a result, they can travel freely within the EU, and all European citizens can travel to the islands without restrictions. However, the islands do not participate in the freedom of movement of labour, and as a result their citizens are not entitled to work or reside within the EU unless they are directly connected (through birth, or descent from a parent or grandparent) with the United Kingdom. After five years continuous residence in the "United Kingdom, islanders are entitled to participate in the freedom of movement of labour or services throughout the EU.[56]

Isle of Man[edit]

The Isle of Man is a Crown dependency, under the sovereignty of the British monarch. The island takes part in the EU freedom of movement of goods but not labour, services or capital. The Isle of Man is inside the VAT area and the customs union.[6]

"Manx people are British citizens and hence European citizens.[55] As a result, they can travel freely within the EU, and all European citizens can travel to the Isle of Man without restrictions. However, the island does not participate in the freedom of movement of labour, and as a result its citizens are not entitled to work or reside within the EU unless they are directly connected (through birth, or descent from a parent or grandparent) with the United Kingdom. After five years continuous residence in the "United Kingdom, Manx people are entitled to participate in the freedom of movement of labour or services throughout the EU.[56]

Cyprus[edit]

When the "Republic of Cyprus became part of the "European Union on 1 May 2004, the northern third of the island was outside of the effective control of its government, a United Nations buffer zone of varying width separated the two parts, and a further 3% of the island was taken up by "UK sovereign bases (under British sovereignty since the Treaty of Establishment in 1960). Two "protocols to the "Treaty of Accession 2003 – numbers 3 and 10, known as the "Sovereign Base Areas Protocol" and the "Cyprus Protocol" respectively – reflect this complex situation.

EU law only applies fully to the part of the island that is effectively controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. EU law is suspended in the northern third of the island (the "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, whose independence is recognised only by "Turkey) by article 1(1) of the Cyprus Protocol.[57] If the island is reunified, the "Council of the European Union will repeal the suspension by a decision. Four months after such a decision has been adopted, new elections to the "European Parliament will be held on the island to elect Cypriot representatives from the whole of the island.[58]

"Cypriot nationality law applies to the entire island and is accordingly available to the inhabitants of Northern Cyprus and the British sovereign base areas on the same basis as to those born in the area controlled by the Republic of Cyprus.[59][60] Citizens of the Republic of Cyprus living in "Northern Cyprus are EU citizens and are entitled to vote in elections to the European Parliament; however, elections to that Parliament are not organised in Northern Cyprus.["citation needed]

Akrotiri and Dhekelia[edit]

The United Kingdom has two sovereign base areas on Cyprus, namely "Akrotiri and Dhekelia. Unlike other British overseas territories, they are not listed as Overseas Countries and Territories under the Treaty of Rome and their inhabitants (who are entitled to "British Overseas Territories Citizenship) have never been entitled to "British citizenship.

Prior to Cypriot accession to the EU in 2004, EU law did not apply to the sovereign base areas.[61] This position was changed by the Cypriot accession treaty and EU law, while still not applying in principle, applies to the extent necessary to implement a protocol attached to that treaty.[62] This protocol applies EU law relating to the "Common Agricultural Policy, customs, indirect taxation, social policy and justice and home affairs to the sovereign base areas. The sovereign base areas' authorities have also made provision for the unilateral application of directly applicable EU law.[63] The UK also agreed in the Protocol to keep enough control of the external (i.e. off-island and northern Cyprus) borders of the base areas to ensure that the border between the sovereign base areas and the Republic of Cyprus can remain fully open and will not have to be policed as an external EU border. Consequently, the sovereign base areas will become a "de facto part of the Schengen Area if and when Cyprus implements it. The base areas are already de facto members of the "eurozone due to their previous use of the "Cypriot pound before it was replaced by the "euro in 2008.[64]

As pointed out above, inhabitants of the sovereign base areas have never been entitled to British citizenship or to the European Union citizenship that would go with it,[65] however Cypriot nationality law extends to Cypriots in the Sovereign Base Areas, meaning Cypriot residents, as citizens of the Republic of Cyprus, are entitled to EU citizenship. Just under half of the population of the sovereign base areas are Cypriots, the rest are British military personnel, support staff and their dependants.[66] In a declaration attached to the Treaty of Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus of 1960 the British government undertook not to allow new settlement of people in the sovereign base areas other than for temporary purposes.[67]

United Nations buffer zone[edit]

The "United Nations buffer zone between north and south Cyprus ranges in width from a few metres in central "Nicosia to several kilometres in the countryside. While it is nominally under the sovereignty of the Republic of Cyprus, it is effectively administered by the "United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP). The population of the zone is 8,686 (as of October 2007), and one of the mandates of UNFICYP is "to encourage the fullest possible resumption of normal civilian activity in the buffer zone".[68] Article 2.1 of the Cyprus Protocol[57] allows the European Council to determine to what extent the provisions of EU law apply in the buffer zone.[69]

Faroe Islands[edit]

Faroe Islands and the European Union

The "Faroe Islands are not part of the EU, and they have not been part of the EU since Denmark joined the community in 1973. Danish citizens residing on the islands are not considered citizens of a member state within the meaning of the treaties or, consequently, citizens of the European Union.[70] However, Faroese people may become EU citizens by changing their residence to the Danish mainland.

The Faroe Islands are not part of the Schengen Area, and Schengen visas are not valid. However, the islands are part of the "Nordic Passport Union and the Schengen Agreement provides that travellers passing between the islands and the Schengen Area are not to be treated as passing the external frontier of the Area.[71] This means that there is an identity check at air or boat travel to the islands where Nordic citizens on intra-Nordic travel need no passport, only showing the ticket plus identity card.[72]

Gibraltar[edit]

"Gibraltar is a "British overseas territory located near the southernmost tip of the "Iberian Peninsula and overlooking the "Strait of Gibraltar, sharing a "border with Spain to the north. It is part of the EU, having joined the "European Economic Community under the United Kingdom in 1973. Article 355(3) (ex Article 299(4)) applies the treaty to "the European territories for whose external relations a Member State is responsible", a provision which in practice only applies to Gibraltar. Although it is part of the EU, Gibraltar is outside the "customs union and VAT area and is exempted from the "Common Agricultural Policy; it does not form part of the "Schengen Area.[73] As a separate "jurisdiction to the UK, Gibraltar's "government and "parliament are responsible for the "transposition of EU law into local law. In 2016 Gibraltar voted "remain" in the "UK EU membership referendum; however Gibraltar's membership is not distinct from the UK's and Gibraltar is bound by the overall result of "leave".

Owing to a declaration lodged by the United Kingdom with the EEC in 1982, Gibraltarians were to be counted as British nationals for the purposes of Community law. This was notwithstanding that they were not all, at the time, "British citizens but many were "British Overseas Territories citizens. As such "Gibraltarians have enjoyed European Union citizenship from its creation by the "Maastricht Treaty. Since 21 May 2002, all Gibraltarians have been granted the right to register a full "British citizenship, while those who previously held a British Overseas Territory citizenship automatically were converted now to have a full British citizenship. Any child born in Gibraltar after 21 May 2002 will automatically become a British citizen, if just one of its parents is a British citizen or a Gibraltarian resident.[65]

Despite their status as EU citizens resident in the EU, elections to the "European Parliament were not held in Gibraltar until 2004. The inclusion resulted from the "European Court of Human Rights' 1999 ruling in "Matthews v. United Kingdom which deemed that Gibraltar's exclusion violated Article 3 of Protocol 1 to the "European Convention on Human Rights. In the "2004 European Parliament election the territory formed part of the "South West England constituency of the "United Kingdom. The inclusion was unsuccessfully challenged by Spain before the "European Court of Justice.[29]

Like the UK, Gibraltar does not form part of the "Schengen Area and, as a result, the border between Spain and Gibraltar is an external Schengen border through which Spain is legally obliged to perform full entrance and exit controls. However Gibraltar does participate in certain police and judicial cooperation aspects of the "Schengen acquis in line with the UK's request to participate in the same measures.[74]

With respect to the application of EU law to Gibraltar, the governments of Spain and the United Kingdom made the following Declaration which is appended (as Declaration 55) to the "Treaty on European Union: "The Treaties apply to Gibraltar as a European territory for whose external relations a Member State is responsible. This shall not imply changes in the respective positions of the Member States concerned."[75]

Heligoland[edit]

"Heligoland is an island of Germany situated in the "North Sea 70 km (43 mi) off the German north-western coast. It is part of the EU, but is excluded from the customs union and the VAT area.[6]

Mount Athos[edit]

"Mount Athos is an autonomous monastic region of "Greece. Greece's EU accession treaty provides that Mount Athos maintains its centuries-old special legal status,[76] guaranteed by article 105 of the "Greek Constitution. It is part of the customs union but outside the VAT area.[6] Notwithstanding that a special permit is required to enter the peninsula and that there is a prohibition on the admittance of women, it is part of the "Schengen Area.[77] The monastery has certain rights to house monks from countries outside the EU. A declaration attached to Greece's accession treaty to the "Schengen Agreement states that Mount Athos's "special status" should be taken into account in the application of the Schengen rules.[78]

Areas of extraterritoriality[edit]

The Saimaa Canal and Värska–Ulitina road are two of several distinct travel arrangements that exist or existed because of changes in borders over the course of the 20th century, where transport routes and installations ended up on the wrong side of the border. Some have become superfluous thanks to the Schengen Agreement.

Privileged transit traffic.

Saimaa Canal[edit]

Finland "leases the 19.6 km-long Russian part of the "Saimaa Canal from "Russia and is granted "extraterritoriality rights.[79] The area is not part of the EU, it is a special part of Russia. Under the treaty signed by Finnish and Russian governments, Russian law is in force with a few exceptions concerning maritime rules and the employment of canal staff which fall under Finnish jurisdiction. There are also special rules concerning vessels travelling to Finland via the canal. Russian "visas are not required for just passing through the canal, but a passport is needed and it is checked at the border.[79] Euros are accepted for the canal fees. Prior to the 50-year lease renewal coming into effect in February 2012, the "Maly Vysotsky Island had also been leased and managed by Finland. Since then it has been fully managed by Russian authorities, and is no longer part of the concession territory.

Värska–Ulitina road[edit]

The road from "Värska to "Ulitina in "Estonia, traditionally the only road to the Ulitina area, goes through Russian territory for one kilometre (0.6 mi) of its length, an area called "Saatse Boot. This road has no border control, but there is no connection to any other road in Russia. It is not permitted to stop or walk along the road. This area is a part of "Russia but is also a de facto part of the Schengen area.

Former special territories[edit]

Many currently independent states or parts of such were previously territories of the following EU members since the latter joined the EU or, previously the "European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC):

Most of these territories seceded before the implementation of the "Maastricht treaty in 1993 and the following years, meaning that cooperation like the EU citizenship, the VAT union or the Eurozone did not exist, so it made less difference to be a special territory then.

These were:

Additionally in Europe there were special territories in the past that had different status than their "mainland", because of various reasons, but now are part of a member state. Some of these territories were as follows:

The following areas are still special member state territories, but have changed their status. See their entries in the article for details.

European Free Trade Association[edit]

Some European countries are strongly connected to the European Union, through the "European Economic Area or similar agreements. These countries are "Iceland, "Liechtenstein, "Norway and "Switzerland, the member states of the "European Free Trade Association (EFTA). They are inside the single market (with exceptions) and the Schengen area, but outside the Eurozone, customs territory, and VAT area. "Norway and "Switzerland have special areas.

De facto limitations on free movement of workers as a result of indefinite use of safeguard measures
Outside the Schengen area
Outside Norwegian VAT area[93]
Outside the Single Market
De facto free movement of people as a result of Norwegian citizenship, and allowing EEA/Swiss citizens to reside without restrictions, although special rules on work permits apply[94]
Outside Swiss VAT area[95]

Summary[edit]

EFTA member states and territories Application of "EU law "EURATOM "Schengen area "EU VAT area "EU customs territory "EU single market "Eurozone
 "Iceland Partial No Yes No No With exemptions[96] No, "ISK
 "Liechtenstein Partial No Yes No, Swiss–Liechtenstein VAT area No, Swiss–Liechtenstein customs territory With exemptions[96] No, "CHF
 "Norway, except: Partial No Yes No No With exemptions[96] No, "NOK
"Svalbard Partial No No[94] No, VAT free[93] No No[96][97] No, "NOK
"Bouvet Island No No No No No No No, "NOK
"Peter I Island No No No No No No No, "NOK
"Queen Maud Land No No No No No No No, "NOK
  "Switzerland, except: Partial Participating associated state[98] Yes No, Swiss–Liechtenstein VAT area No, Swiss–Liechtenstein customs territory With exemptions[99] No, "CHF
Samnaun-coa.png "Samnaun Partial Participating[98] Yes No, VAT free[95] No, Swiss–Liechtenstein customs territory With exemptions[99] No, "CHF

Summary[edit]

This table summarises the various components of EU laws applied in the EU member states and their sovereign territories. Member states that do not have special-status territories are not included (as there the EU law applies fully with the exception of the "opt-outs in the European Union and "states under a safeguard clause or transitional period). Some territories of EFTA member states also have a "special status in regard to EU laws applied as is the case with some "European microstates.[100]

Member states and territories Application of "EU law "EURATOM "EU citizenship "EU elections "Schengen area "EU VAT area "EU customs territory "EU single market "Eurozone
 "Republic of Cyprus,
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Set to implement later[101] Yes Yes Yes Yes
  "United Nations "UN Buffer Zone With exemptions ? Yes No No Yes Yes[102] With exemptions[103] Yes
 "Northern Cyprus Suspended No Citizens of the Republic of Cyprus[104] No No No No[105] No[106] No, "TRY
 "Denmark,
except:
Yes[107] Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes "DKK ("ERM II)
   "Greenland Minimal (OCT)[19] No[108] Yes No No No No[105] Partial[109] "DKK ("ERM II)
 "Faroe Islands No No[110] No No No No No[105] Minimal (FTA)[100][111] "DKK ("ERM II)
 "Finland,
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
   "Åland Islands With exemptions Yes[112] Yes Yes Yes No Yes[105] With exemptions Yes
 "France ("Metropolitan),
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
   "French Guiana With exemptions (OMR) Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No, VAT free Yes[105] Yes Yes
 "Guadeloupe With exemptions (OMR) Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No, low rate VAT Yes[105] Yes Yes
 "Martinique With exemptions (OMR) Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No, low rate VAT Yes[105] Yes Yes
 "Réunion With exemptions (OMR) Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No, low rate VAT Yes[105] Yes Yes
 "Mayotte With exemptions (OMR) Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No, VAT free Yes[105] Yes Yes
 "Saint Martin With exemptions (OMR)[115] Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No, low rate VAT Yes[105] Yes Yes[116]
 "Saint Barthélemy Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No No Partial[109] Yes[116]
 "Saint Pierre and Miquelon Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No No[105] Partial[109] Yes[116]
 "Wallis and Futuna Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No No[105] Partial[109] "XPF, pegged to "EUR
 "French Polynesia Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No No[105] Partial[109] "XPF, pegged to "EUR
 "New Caledonia Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes Yes Yes[113] No[114] No No[105] Partial[109] "XPF, pegged to "EUR
 "French Southern and Antarctic Lands Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes Yes No[117] No[114] No No[105] Partial[109] Yes[118]
 "Clipperton Island ? Yes[119] Yes[118] No[117] No[114] ? ? ? Yes[118]
 "Germany,
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
  Wappen Buesingen am Hochrhein.png "Büsingen am Hochrhein Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[120] No No[105] Yes Yes
 "Heligoland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No[105] Yes Yes
 "Greece,
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
   "Mount Athos Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No, VAT free[6] Yes[105] Yes Yes
 "Italy,
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
   "Livigno Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No[105] Yes Yes
 "Campione d'Italia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes[120] No No[105] Yes No, "CHF[50]
 "Netherlands,
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
   "Bonaire Minimal (OCT)[19] No[121] Yes Yes No[114] No No[122] Partial[109] No, "USD[123]
 "Saba Minimal (OCT)[19] No[121] Yes Yes No[114] No No[122] Partial[109] No, "USD[123]
 "Sint Eustatius Minimal (OCT)[19] No[121] Yes Yes No[114] No No[122] Partial[109] No, "USD[123]
 "Curaçao Minimal (OCT)[19] No[124] Yes Yes No[114] No No[122] Partial[109] No, "ANG[125]
 "Sint Maarten Minimal (OCT)[19] No[124] Yes Yes No[114] No No[122] Partial[109] No, "ANG[125]
 "Aruba Minimal (OCT)[19] ?[110][126] Yes Yes No[114] No No[122] Partial[109] No, "AWG
 "Portugal,
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
   "Azores Yes (OMR) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 "Madeira Yes (OMR) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
 "Spain,
except:
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
   "Canary Islands With exemptions (OMR) Yes Yes Yes Yes No, VAT free Yes Yes Yes
 "Ceuta With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Partial[128] No No Yes Yes
 "Melilla With exemptions Yes Yes Yes Partial[128] No No Yes Yes
 "United Kingdom,
except:
Yes[107] Yes Yes Yes Police and judicial cooperation only,[129] "CTA Yes Yes Yes No, "GBP
   "Gibraltar With exemptions[130] Yes[110] Yes[131] Yes[132] Police and judicial cooperation only[129] No No With exemptions No, "GIP
"United Kingdom "Akrotiri and Dhekelia Minimal[133] No[110] Citizens of the Republic of Cyprus[134] No[135] Set to implement later[101] Yes[138] Yes[122] With exemptions[139] Yes[140]
 "Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "SHP
 "Falkland Islands Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "FKP
 "South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "GBP
 "British Antarctic Territory Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "GBP[142]
 "Bermuda Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "BMD
 "Cayman Islands Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "KYD
 "Anguilla Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "XCD
 "Montserrat Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "XCD
 "British Virgin Islands Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "USD
 "Turks and Caicos Islands Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "USD
 "British Indian Ocean Territory Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "GBP, "USD[143]
 "Pitcairn Islands Minimal (OCT)[19] Yes[110][141] Yes No No No No Partial[109] No, "NZD
 "Isle of Man Minimal[144] Partial[110][144] With restrictions[145] No No,[129] "CTA Yes[138] Yes[122] Minimal (FTA)[100][146] No, "GBP
 "Bailiwick of Guernsey Minimal[144] Partial[110][144] With restrictions[145] No No,[129] "CTA No, VAT free[138] Yes[122] Minimal (FTA)[100][146] No, "GBP
 "Bailiwick of Jersey Minimal[144] Partial[110][144] With restrictions[145] No No,[129] "CTA No, VAT free[138] Yes[122] Minimal (FTA)[100][146] No, "GBP
Member states and territories Application of "EU law "EURATOM "EU citizenship "EU elections "Schengen area "EU VAT area "EU customs territory EU "single market "Eurozone
Legend for the "Application of EU law" column:   Full or with exemptions.[147]Minimal or none. Not part of the EU territory.

Summary for member states that do not have special-status territories, but do not participate in certain EU provisions as they are either not yet eligible or have an "opt-out.

Member states and territories Application of "EU law "EURATOM "EU citizenship "EU elections "Schengen area "EU VAT area "EU customs territory "EU single market "Eurozone
 "Bulgaria Yes Yes Yes Yes Set to implement later[101] Yes Yes Yes No, "BGN
 "Croatia Yes Yes Yes Yes Set to implement later[101] Yes Yes Yes No, "HRK
 "Czech Republic Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No, "CZK
 "Hungary Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No, "HUF
 "Ireland Yes Yes Yes Yes Police and judicial cooperation only,[129] "CTA Yes Yes Yes Yes
 "Poland Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No, "PLN
 "Romania Yes Yes Yes Yes Set to implement later[101] Yes Yes Yes No, "RON
 "Sweden Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No, "SEK

A list of the remaining member states which do not have special-status territories, and participate in all EU provisions:

 "Austria
 "Belgium
 "Estonia
 "Latvia
 "Lithuania
 "Luxembourg
 "Malta
 "Slovakia
 "Slovenia

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Article 349 of the "Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
  2. ^ The Maastricht Treaty of 1992 (Treaty on European Union): Declaration on the outermost regions of the Community
  3. ^ a b AFP (29 October 2010). "La collectivité de Saint-Barthélémy obtient un nouveau statut européen". Ministère de l’Outre-Mer (in French). Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  4. ^ a b "Council Directive 2013/61/EU of December 2013" (PDF). 2013-12-17. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  5. ^ "Europe's outermost regions and the single market". European Commission. 24 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Article 6 of Council Directive 2006/112/EC of 28 November 2006 (as amended) on the common system of value added tax (OJ L 347, 11.12.2006, p. 1) Eur-lex.europa.eu.
  7. ^ Article 3(1) of Council Regulation 2913/92/EEC of 12 October 1992 establishing the Community Customs Code (as amended) (OJ L 302, 19.10.1992, p. 1-50) Eur-lex.europa.eu.
  8. ^ Outermost regions, Fact Sheets on the European Union, European Parliament. Retrieved 22 March 2017.
  9. ^ a b Rapport d'information n° 329 (2004–2005) de MM. Jean-Jacques Hyest, Christian Cointat et Simon Sutour, fait au nom de la commission des lois, déposé le 10 mai 2005. (French)
  10. ^ a b "Guidelines on Trading with the European Community (EC)" (PDF). January 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  11. ^ a b See Articles 349 and 355 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
  12. ^ Council Decision of 27 November 2001 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Community ("Overseas Association Decision") (2001/822/EC).
  13. ^ Article 202 [ex Article 186)]
  14. ^ Article 199(5) [ex Article 183(5)]
  15. ^ Article 200(1) [ex Article 184(1)]
  16. ^ Article 200(3) and 200(5) [ex Article 184(3) and (5)]
  17. ^ "COUNCIL DECISION 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013: On the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union ('Overseas Association Decision')" (PDF). Official Journal of the European Union. 19 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "EU relations with Overseas Countries and Territories". European Commission. 4 June 2014. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/where/octs and greenland/index en.htm
  20. ^ a b "A new member for OCTA: Bermuda joins the association of overseas countries and territories". OCTA. 2 July 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "Organisation: OCTA". OCTA. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  22. ^ Recital 22, Council Decision 2001/822/EC of 27 November 2001 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Community (OJ L 314, 30.11.2001, p. 1–77).
  23. ^ "French Southern and Antarctic Lands". The Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  24. ^ Art. 9, Loi n° 55-1052 du 6 août 1955 modifiée portant statut des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises et de l'île de Clipperton.
    Décret du 31 janvier 2008 relatif à l'administration de l'île de Clipperton.
  25. ^ Council Decision of 12 July 2011 on the signing and conclusion of the Monetary Agreement between the European Union and the French Republic on keeping the euro in Saint-Barthélemy following the amendment of its status with regard to the European Union (OJ L 189, 20.7.2011, p. 1-2).
  26. ^ Council Decision 1999/95/EC of 31 December 1998 concerning the monetary arrangements in the French territorial communities of Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon and Mayotte (OJ L 30, 4.2.1999, p. 29-30).
  27. ^ See Article 355(6) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. The relevant decision of the European Council was made on the 29 October 2010 [1].
  28. ^ a b "The Kingdom of the Netherlands: One Kingdom - Four Countries; European and Caribbean)". Ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken. April 2015. 
  29. ^ a b Judgments of the Court in Cases C-145/04 and C-300/04: Kingdom of Spain v United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and M.G. Eman and O.B. Sevinger v College van burgemeester en wethouders van Den Haag [2]
  30. ^ "Schurende rechtsordes: Over juridische implicaties van de UPG-status voor de eilandgebieden van de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba (Rijksuniversiteit Groningen)" (PDF) (in Dutch). Eerstekamer.nl. 19 June 2008. 
  31. ^ "Economische gevolgen van de status van ultraperifeer gebied voor de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba / SEOR" (PDF) (in Dutch). Eerstekamer.nl. 19 June 2008. 
  32. ^ "Tweede Kamer, vergaderjaar 2008–2009, 31700 IV, nr.3: Brief van de staatssecretaris van Binnenlandse Zaken en Koninkrijksrelaties met het kabinetsstandpunt over de rapporten over de UPG status voor de eilandgebieden van de Nederlandse Antillen en Aruba" (PDF) (in Dutch). Eerstekamer.nl. 21 October 2008. 
  33. ^ "Kamerstuk 31954 nr.7: Regels met betrekking tot de openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba (Wet openbare lichamen Bonaire, Sint Eustatius en Saba)" (in Dutch). Overheid.nl. 14 October 2009. 
  34. ^ "Kamerstuk 31954+31958 D: BRIEF VAN DE MINISTER VAN BINNENLANDSE ZAKEN EN KONINKRIJKSRELATIES" (in Dutch). Overheid.nl. 9 March 2012. 
  35. ^ Pro Facto - Rijksuniversiteit Groningen (August 2015). "Vijf jaar Caribisch Nederland: De werking van wetgeving" (PDF) (in Dutch). 
  36. ^ DSP-Groep (23 September 2015). "Vijf jaar Caribisch Nederland: Werking van de nieuwe bestuurlijke structuur" (PDF) (in Dutch). 
  37. ^ Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (October 2015). "Vijf jaar Caribisch Nederland: Gevolgen voor de bevolking" (PDF) (in Dutch). 
  38. ^ Evaluatiecommissie Caribisch Nederland (12 October 2015). "VIJFJAAR VERBONDE BONAIRE, SINT EUSTATIUS, SABA EN EUROPEES NEDERLAND (Rapport van de commissie evaluatie uitwerking van de nieuwe staatkundige structuur Caribisch Nederland)" (PDF) (in Dutch). 
  39. ^ Treaty Establishing the EEC - Protocol on the Application of the Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community to the non-European parts of the Kingdom of the Netherlands

    The High Contracting Parties,

    Anxious, at the time of signature of the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community, to define the scope of the provisions of Article 227 of this Treaty in respect of the Kingdom of the Netherlands,

    Have agreed upon the following provisions, which shall be annexed to this Treaty:

    The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, by reason of the constitutional structure of the Kingdom resulting from the Statute of 29 December 1954, shall, by way of derogation from Article 227, be entitled to ratify the Treaty on behalf of the Kingdom in Europe and Netherlands New Guinea only.

    Done at Rome this twenty-fifth day of March in the year one thousand nine hundred and fifty-seven.

    Treaty establishing the EEC

  40. ^ "COUNCIL DECISION 2014/137/EU of 14 March 2014: On relations between the European Union on the one hand, and Greenland and the Kingdom of Denmark on the other" (PDF). Official Journal of the European Union. 15 March 2014. 
  41. ^ "Protocol: Setting out the fishing opportunities and financial contribution provided for in the Fisheries Partnership Agreement between the European Community (1) on the one hand, and the Government of Denmark and the Home Rule Government of Greenland (2), on the other hand" (PDF). Official Journal of the European Union. 23 October 2012. 
  42. ^ Annex 1 to SAD Guidelines (TAXUD/1619/08 rev. 3.4): Overview of European Union countries. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  43. ^ http://www.naringsliv.ax/en/Doing%20business/live_and_work_on_aland
  44. ^ Article 2 of Protocol 2 (on the Åland Islands) of the Finnish accession treaty (OJ C 241, 29.08.1994) [3]
  45. ^ Article 1 of Protocol 2 (on the Åland Islands) of the Finnish accession treaty (OJ C 241, 29.08.1994) [4]
  46. ^ http://www.naringsliv.ax/en/facts/aland_and_eu
  47. ^ Treaty of 23 November 1964 between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Swiss Confederation on the inclusion of the commune of Büsingen am Hochrhein in the customs territory of the Swiss Confederation, as referred to in Article 3(1) of Council Regulation 2913/92/EEC of 12 October 1992 establishing the Community Customs Code (as amended) (OJ L 302, 19.10.1992, p. 1-50) [5].
  48. ^ From http://www.buesingen.de click Touristik and Hotel + Gasthäuser and find that every hotel and restaurant quote prices in SFr only.
  49. ^ German Wikipedia about Büsingen am Hochrhein
  50. ^ a b "Comune di Campione d'Italia" (Italian). Retrieved 2009-01-12.  "... pur essendo territorio italiano Campione è doganalmente ed economicamente svizzero. Così pure la moneta e la rete telefonica. ("... although essentially Italian territory, Campione is customs-wise and economically Swiss. Also the currency and the telephone network.")
  51. ^ "European small exclaves: Campione d'Italia". Municipality of Campione d'Italia. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  52. ^ "CAMPIONE D'ITALIA - Italy in Switzerland ENCLAVES". This other world. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  53. ^ Act concerning the conditions of accession of the Kingdom of Spain and the Portuguese Republic and the adjustments to the Treaties. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  54. ^ a b Declaration No. 1. on Ceuta and Melilla attached to the Final Act of the Accession Treaty of the Kingdom of Spain to the Schengen Agreement (OJ L 239, 22.9.2000, p. 69)
  55. ^ a b section 1 of the British Nationality Act 1981 grants citizenship to (most) people born in the 'United Kingdom'. Section 50 of the Act defines the 'United Kingdom' to include the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man
  56. ^ a b Protocol 3 of the United Kingdom's Treaty of Accession to the EC (OJ L 73, 27.03.1972).
  57. ^ a b Protocol 10 to the Treaty of Accession 2003 (OJ L 236, 23.9.2003, p. 955).
  58. ^ COUNCIL DECISION of 10 June 2004 concerning the representation of the people of Cyprus in the European Parliament in case of a settlement of the Cyprus problem (2004/511/EC)
  59. ^ Skoutaris, Nikos. "On Citizenship and Donkeys in Cyprus". Citizenship in Southern Europe. CITSEE. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  60. ^ law of the Republic of Cyprus, Source: Cyprus Ministry of Justice compilation and translation (updated to June 2000).
  61. ^ See Article 299(6)(b) of the Consolidated Treaty establishing the European Community as amended by the "Nice Treaty. [6]
  62. ^ Protocol 3 to the Treaty of Accession 2003 (OJ L 236, 23.9.2003, p. 955).
  63. ^ "First Report on the implementation of the provisions of Protocol No 3 to the 2003 Act of Accession on the Sovereign Base Areas of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in Cyprus". Brussels: European Commission. 19 April 2010. 
  64. ^ EURO ORDINANCE 2007 An Ordinance to provide for the adoption of the euro as legal tender in the Sovereign Base Areas and for related matters
  65. ^ a b "British Overseas Territories Act 2002.
  66. ^ "Akrotiri". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 5 January 2013. approximately 15,700 live on the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia including 7,700 Cypriots, 3,600 Service and UK-based contract personnel, and 4,400 dependents 
  67. ^ "Declaration by Her Majesty's Government Regarding the Administration of the Sovereign Base Areas" (PDF). Treaty of Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus. 1960. p. 111. Retrieved 5 January 2013. 
  68. ^ "UNFICYP – Civil Affairs". United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus. 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  69. ^ Council Regulation (EC) No 866/2004 of 29 April 2004 on a regime under Article 2 of Protocol No 10 of the Act of Accession. Council Regulation (EC) No 293/2005 of 17 February 2005 amending Regulation (EC) No 866/2004 on a regime under Article 2 of Protocol 10 to the Act of Accession as regards agriculture and facilities for persons crossing the line.
  70. ^ See Article 4 of the Faroe Islands Protocol, 355(5)(a) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union and Article of the Treaty on European Union (as amended).
  71. ^ "Spørgsmål og svar". www.eu-oplysningen.dk (in Danish). Danish Parliament. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  72. ^ "Pas". atlantic.fo (in Danish). Atlantic Airways. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 
  73. ^ Act concerning the conditions of accession of the UK, Ireland and Denmark to the European Communities, Art. 28
  74. ^ See Article 5(2) of 2000/365/EC: Council Decision of 29 May 2000 concerning the request of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to take part in some of the provisions of the Schengen acquis
  75. ^ Declaration 55 appended to the Treaty on European Union
  76. ^ "Monks see Schengen as Devil's work". British Broadcasting Corporation. 26 October 1997. Retrieved 2007-10-14. 
  77. ^ The Greek accession treaty does not specifically exclude Mount Athos from the Convention's territorial scope.
  78. ^ Joint Declaration No. 5 attached to the Final Act of the accession treaty.
  79. ^ a b Instructions for leisure boating in the Saimaa Canal
  80. ^ a b c d e f g h i European Coal and Steel Community Treaty, Art.79: Each High Contracting Party binds itself to extend to the other Member States the preferential measures which it enjoys with respect to coal and steel in the non-European territories subject to its jurisdiction
  81. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Annex IV: Overseas countries and territories
  82. ^ Up to 1 September 1962 no Community treaty applied there, besides ECSC preferences. Between that date and 16 July 1976 Suriname had OCT status.
  83. ^ "The provisions of Part Four of the Treaty were applied to Surinam, by virtue of a Supplementary Act of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (page29) to complete its instrument of ratification, from 1 September 1962 to 16 July 1976.", in: eur-lex.europa.eu - Treaty establishing the European Community (consolidated version) - Text of the Treaty
  84. ^ See the Protocol on the application of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community to the non European parts of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Act ratifying the EAEC Treaty in the Netherlands. The protocol on non-application of EURATOM by derogation was abrogated by Article 8 (III) of the "Treaty of Amsterdam, which entered into force in 1999, but there is no evidence that the EURATOM treaty was ever extended to other countries within the Kingdom (now: Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten, formerly: the Netherlands Antilles and Suriname).
  85. ^ European Economic Community Treaty, Art 227
  86. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m 1973 revision of ANNEX IV
  87. ^ a b According to Art.227 (EEC) and Art.198 (EURATOM) these Treaties shall not apply to those overseas countries and territories having special relations with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which are not listed in Annex IV to the EEC Treaty. Zimbabwe and Hong Kong are not listed in the annex.
  88. ^ "New Hebrides had ECSC preferences and EURATOM application 1952–1973 stemming from the French administration in the territory, from 1973 to 1980 from both the French and British administrations, no EEC law applied 1958–1973, EEC OCT status 1973–1980
  89. ^ Art.198 of the EURATOM Treaty states that the treaty applies to non European territories under jurisdiction of Member States. So far there is no reference for Macau exclusion, thus considering it included between 1986 and 1999.
  90. ^ When Portugal became a Community member in 1986 East Timor was considered a "non-self-governing-territory under Portuguese administration by the "United Nations despite "Indonesian occupation of East Timor between 1975 and 1999. None of the "EC laws were ever in force, but EURATOM and ECSC preferences were to apply if not for the Indonesian occupation. The "de jure Portuguese administration formally ceased on 20 May 2002 when Portugal recognised East Timor's independence.
  91. ^ European Coal and Steel Community Treaty, Art.79
  92. ^ Until the "unification of Germany in 1990 the de jure status of "West Berlin was that of French, UK and US occupied zones with "West German civilian administration. The treaties applied fully during 1952–1990 given the Federal German and French treaty responsibilities European Coal and Steel Community Treaty, Art.79, and during 1973–1990 given the British treaty responsibilities.[7]["clarification needed] For the 1979, 1984 and 1989 European Parliaments, three MEPs were appointed on the nomination of the Berlin House of Representatives rather than being directly elected. From 3 October 1990 "West Berlin was fully integrated in Berlin in the "Federal Republic of Germany, along with the former "East Germany.
  93. ^ a b Svalbard treaty
  94. ^ a b Norway and Iceland Schengen association agreement Article 14
  95. ^ a b Federal Act on Value Added Tax, Federal law of the Swiss Confederation. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  96. ^ a b c d European Economic Area agreement
  97. ^ Agreement on the European Economic Area - Protocol 40 on Svalbard and Declaration for activation of Protocol40 exclusion.
  98. ^ a b Document 32014D0954, Council of the European Union. Retrieved 26 October 2015.
  99. ^ a b "Through multiple sectoral agreements
  100. ^ a b c d e "List of free trade agreements
  101. ^ a b c d e "Akrotiri and Dhekelia, and "Cyprus should implement together the Schengen area.[136] As of 2011 the target is for 2016.[137]
  102. ^ Exceptions may be in place for Turkish goods and services destined for "Pyla.
  103. ^ Due to the military nature of zone, the UN requires permits for some economic activity to ensure that the fundamental nature of the area as a buffer zone is not compromised. See - UNFICYP Buffer Zone permits for more information.
  104. ^ Cypriot nationality law extends to Northern Cyprus, meaning citizens of the Republic of Cyprus residing in Northern Cyprus are entitled to EU citizenship.
  105. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Information for Businesses/01 Customs and fiscal territories/index.jsp The customs and fiscal territories of the European Community
  106. ^ 0466en01.pdf Direct Trade Regulation proposal, not yet implemented
  107. ^ a b "Opt-outs in force for some treaty provisions and legislations
  108. ^ Application only between 1973 and 1985
  109. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y 2002325EN.003301.html Treaty Establishing the European Community, part four
  110. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s EURATOM Treaty Art.198d
  111. ^ Agreement between the European Community, of the one part, and the Government of Denmark and the Home Government of the Faroe Islands
  112. ^ Lauri Hannikainen; Frank Horn (1997). Autonomy and Demilitarisation in International Law: The Åland Islands in a Changing Europe. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. p. 94. "ISBN "978-90-411-0271-3. 
  113. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Part of the Outre-Mer electoral constituency.
  114. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Schengen Borders Code Article (21)
  115. ^ "Treaty of Lisbon, Article 2, points 287 and 293". Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  116. ^ a b c summaries/economic and monetary affairs/institutional and economic framework/l25042 en.htm Agreements concerning the French territorial communities
  117. ^ a b Not part of any of the eight European Parliament electoral constituencies in the French Republic.
  118. ^ a b c Art. 1-1-6°, Loi n°55-1052 du 6 août 1955 portant statut des Terres australes et antarctiques françaises et de l'île de Clipperton.
  119. ^ Article 108 of the Euratom Treaty
  120. ^ a b Together with "Switzerland
  121. ^ a b c Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius: Inherited status as non-member from the Netherlands Antilles.
  122. ^ a b c d e f g h i j customs/common/glossary/customs/index en.htm Customs territory of the Community
  123. ^ a b c Article 16 of the law on the monetary system BES "Dutch: Wet geldstelsel BES stipulates the use of the Netherlands Antillean guilder as official tender until the official introduction of the "US Dollar, probably on 1-1-2011.
  124. ^ a b "Rijkswet aanpassing rijkswetten, nr. 3 MEMORIE VAN TOELICHTING" (in Dutch). Retrieved 6 November 2010. (...) van het Verdrag tot oprichting van de Europese Gemeenschap voor Atoomenergie (Euratom) (Tr. 1957, 92). Dit verdrag geldt niet voor Curaçao en Sint Maarten. 
  125. ^ a b The Netherlands Antillean guilder will be replaced by the "Caribbean guilder, possibly on 1-1-2012
  126. ^ See the PRO PRI.htm Protocol on the application of the Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community to the non European parts of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Act ratifying the EAEC Treaty in the Netherlands. The protocol on non-application of EURATOM by derogation was abrogated by Article 8 (III) of the "Treaty of Amsterdam, which entered into force in 1999, but there is no evidence that the EURATOM treaty was ever extended to other countries within the Kingdom (now: Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten, formerly: the Netherlands Antilles and Suriname).
  127. ^ Declaration on the towns of Ceuta and Melilla regarding Schengen
  128. ^ a b The full Schengen acquis applies to all Spanish territories, but there are border checks on departure from Ceuta and Melilla to Spain or other Schengen countries, because of specific arrangements for visa exemptions for Moroccan nationals resident in the provinces of "Tetuan and "Nador.[54][127]
  129. ^ a b c d e f Council Decision of 29 May 2000 concerning the request of the United Kingdom, Council Decision of 22 December 2004 on the putting the request into effect Article 5(2) states that Police and Judicial Co-operation measures should apply to Gibraltar. Article 5(1) states that the UK should make additional notification about the measures that would apply to the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. No such notification is made so far.["citation needed]
  130. ^ Consolidated version of the European Communities Act (1972–18) (Gib.), as amended up to September 2009 contains detailed list of exemptions. For the enforceability of EU law in local courts see s. 3.
  131. ^ Denise Matthews Case 1999
  132. ^ Part of the South West England electoral constituency.
  133. ^ Treaty of Accession 2003, protocol 3
  134. ^ Cypriot nationality law extends to Cypriots in the Sovereign Base Areas, meaning Cypriot residents, as citizens of the Republic of Cyprus, are entitled to EU citizenship.
  135. ^ There were reports that it was possible for all Cypriots from Northern Cyprus, or UN Buffer Zone or Akrotiri and Dekhelia to vote, but they had to travel to a voting station in the South.["citation needed]
  136. ^ "Foreign Minister says Cyprus not to join Schengen before 2010". Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus in Berlin. Retrieved 3 February 2010. 
  137. ^ "Cyprus to be evaluated for Schengen". Famagusta Gazette. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  138. ^ a b c d Council directive on the common system of value added tax
  139. ^ In a declaration attached to the Treaty of Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus of 1960 the British government undertook not to allow new settlement of people in the sovereign base areas other than for temporary purposes, meaning at present, free movement of people is limited.
  140. ^ By the third protocol to the Cyprus adhesion Treaty to EU and British local ordinance (see [8]).
  141. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l 2002325EN.015901.html EEC Treaty - OCT Annex
  142. ^ Since several countries have bases, the currency of the home country of each base is probably["citation needed] used.
  143. ^ Both USD and GBP are accepted in the British Indian Ocean Territory; see the CIA's World Factbook.
  144. ^ a b c d e f Protocol No 3 on the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man to the Act of Accession 1972
  145. ^ a b c EU citizenship as a result of British citizenship, allowing citizens to travel freely within the EU. However restrictions on the free movement of labour mean they do not have the right to work or reside within the EU.
  146. ^ a b c Crown dependencies' Relationship with the European Union
  147. ^ Part of the EU

External links[edit]

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