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Main article: "Sports injury

"Concussion – caused by severe head injury where the brain moves violently within the skull so that brain cells all fire at once, much like a seizure

"Muscle cramps – a sudden tight, intense pain caused by a muscle locked in spasm. Muscle cramps are also recognized as an involuntary and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax

"ACL sprains – The "anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a ligament involved in knee stabilization. An ACL rupture can occur when the foot is planted and the knee twists to change direction.

ACL tears – The anterior cruciate ligament; one of four major knee ligament necessary for comfortable knee movement, tears, causing major pain and causes the knee to "give out". The knee ACL can tear for a number of reasons.

"Ankle sprain – The ligaments that hold the ankle bones in place can easily be overstretched.

"Shin splints – The tissue that attaches the muscles of the lower leg to the shin bone may be pulling away from the bone, or it may be inflamed from overuse. [2]

"Muscle strains – tears in muscle that cause pain and or loss of function

History[edit]

In recent years Western society has increasingly recognized the dangers of "physical inactivity, and significant efforts have been made within the "public health community to encourage the nation to become more physically active. To reflect this paradigm shift BASM has renamed itself BASEM (British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine) and the speciality itself has rebranded from Sports Medicine to Sport & Exercise Medicine.[3] Since 2007 several deaneries across the UK have established training programmes in SEM, and recurrent funding for 50 National Training Numbers (NTN's) is available.

Organizations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government Office for Science – GOV.UK. Foresight.gov.uk. Retrieved on 2016-10-06.
  2. ^ Common Sports Injuries. Union Memorial Hospital
  3. ^ Health through sport and exercise. Faculty of Sport and Exercise Medicine.
  4. ^ "Why ACSM?". American College of Sports Medicine. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  5. ^ De Conde, C. (1990). The CATA – A Historical Perspective. The Journal of the Canadian Athletic Therapists' Association, 6–10.
  6. ^ "Athletic Trainers". Explore Health Careers. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
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