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Main article: "Church of St James the Less, Sulgrave

The "Church of England parish "church of St James the Less was built in the 13th and 14th centuries.[15] The "Cluniac Priory of St Andrew, "Northampton held the "advowson from the 13th century until 1538, when the priory was suppressed.[10] St James' church is a "Grade II* listed building.[15] It is part of the "benefice of "Culworth, with Sulgrave and "Thorpe Mandeville, and "Chipping Warden, with "Edgcote and "Moreton Pinkney.[16]

Baptist and Methodist[edit]

In the 19th century a "Baptist chapel was built in Little Street and a "Methodist one was built in Manor Road.[17] They were used for worship until about 1970.[17] The Methodist chapel has been converted into a house; the Baptist one was demolished in 1976 and replaced with a house.[17]

Economic and social history[edit]

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Former "tower mill, now a private house
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A bridge east of the village where a farm road passes under the former route of the "Great Central Main Line

The village has an unusual layout, with two streets (Magpie Road/Manor Road and Little Street) running parallel roughly and joined in a figure of eight.[4] In three places there are traces of former medieval or post-medieval buildings. At the southwest corner of the village, south of the church, are traces of what may have been houses but are more likely to have been part of the manor complex based around the ringwork.[4] Behind houses on the northwest side of the village are low banks and shallow ditches that suggest closes larger than the current gardens.[4] In the northeast part of the village, on the south side of Manor Road, are traces of house platforms and earth banks that surrounded their closes.[4]

About 12-mile (800 m) southeast of the village is a "pillow mound about 40 feet (12 m) long, 23 feet (7 m) wide and only 10 inches (0.25 m) high, and bounded by a ditch 6 12 feet (2 m) wide.[4] It is the remains of an artificial warren for farming "rabbits, which the Normans introduced to Britain from mainland Europe.[18]

Traces of traditional "ridge and furrow ploughing survive in much of the parish, and particularly south-east of the village.[4] They are evidence of the "open field system of farming that prevailed in the parish until 1767, when "Parliament passed the "Inclosure Act for Sulgrave.[4]

John and Mary Hodges founded Sulgrave school in the early 18th century as a charity school for poor boys of the parish.[19] The school building, at the corner of Magpie Road and Stockwell Lane, is a stone building which according to its date stone was completed in 1720.[19] It was probably remodelled in the 19th century.[19] It is now the "village hall.[19]

A water mill on the stream just north of the village was built in the 18th century and enlarged in the 19th century.[20] In 1788 the miller was a John Brockliss, who ordered machinery from "Boulton and Watt.[20] The mill is now a private house but is said to retain an iron mill-wheel made in about 1840.[20] The mill-pond survives.[20]

There was a "tower mill about 600 yards (550 m) northwest of the village. By the 1970s it was derelict[7] but the tower has since been restored as part of a private house.

The parish "stocks survive. They are on The Green, at the junction of Magpie Road and Park Lane, and are probably 19th century.[21]

Railways[edit]

In 1872 the Northampton and Banbury Junction Railway was opened between "Blisworth and "Farthinghoe. It passed roughly east–west through "Greatworth parish about 1 14 miles (2 km) south of Sulgrave, and its nearest station was at "Helmdon about 2 14 miles (4 km) away. In 1910 it became part of the "Stratford-upon-Avon and Midland Junction Railway (SMJR).

In the 1899 the "Great Central Main Line to "London Marylebone was built through the east of Sulgrave parish, passing about 35-mile (1 km) east of the manor house. The "Great Central Railway opened its own "Helmdon station, causing confusion with the SMJR's existing Helmdon station. The "London and North Eastern Railway succeeded the GC in 1923 and renamed the main line station "Helmdon for Sulgrave" in 1928.

"British Railways closed the SMJR station and line in 1951, the GC main line station 1963 and the GC main line in 1966.

Amenities[edit]

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The Star Inn

The Star Inn was built in the 18th century[22] and is now a "public house.[23]

Sulgrave Village Shop Association Limited (SVS) is an "industrial and provident society, owned by the residents of Sulgrave, to run a shop and post office.[24] Under its constitution, profits are not for distribution to its members but must be reinvested in the enterprise to continue and develop its services to the community.[24] SVS was incorporated in July 2004 and the shop began trading in September 2004 under a management board employing a full-time shop manager and supported by some 50 volunteers. As part of a newly established Rural Enterprise Network, SVS, by selling locally grown and sourced products, seeks to provide a focus for other producers and suppliers to develop and expand locally based businesses.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Sulgrave (Parish); Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". "Neighbourhood Statistics. "Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 422.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Historic England. "Sulgrave Bowl Barrow (1010248)". "National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q RCHME 1982, pp. 138–141.
  5. ^ Cooper 2006, p. 195.
  6. ^ a b c "Historic England. "Castle Hill ringwork west of St James's Church (1010111)". "National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 421.
  8. ^ a b c Adkins & Serjeantson 1902, p. 345.
  9. ^ a b Adkins & Serjeantson 1902, p. 370.
  10. ^ a b Serjeantson & Adkins 1906, pp. 102–109
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Historic England. "Sulgrave Manor (1001040)". "National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Phillips 2012, p. 104.
  13. ^ Phillips 2012, p. 105.
  14. ^ Sulgrave Manor Northamptonshire
  15. ^ a b "Historic England. "Church of St James (1040418)". "National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Archbishops' Council (2010). "Benefice of Culworth with Sulgrave and Thorpe Mandeville and Chipping Warden with Edgcote and Moreton Pinkney". A Church Near You. "Church of England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  17. ^ a b c Anonymous 1995
  18. ^ Cooper 2006, p. 208.
  19. ^ a b c d "Historic England. "Village Hall, Magpie Road (1371863)". "National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  20. ^ a b c d "Historic England. "Mill Hollow (1040417)". "National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "Historic England. "Stocks (1371866)". "National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "Historic England. "The Star Inn Public House (1190892)". "National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  23. ^ Star Inn
  24. ^ a b "Sulgrave Shop and Post Office". Sulgrave Village Website. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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