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Sum, sumu, sumon, and somon (Plural: sumd) are a type of administrative district used in "China, "Mongolia, and "Russia.



In "Inner Mongolia, a sumu (Mongolian: ᠰᠤᠮᠤ, transliteration: sumu; "Chinese: 苏木, "pinyin: sūmù) is a "township-level political/administrative division. The sumu division is equivalent to a "township but is unique to Inner Mongolia. It is therefore larger than a "gaqa (Mongolian: ᠭᠠᠴᠠᠭᠠ гацаа) and smaller than a "banner (the "Inner Mongolia equivalent of the "county-level division).

Sumu whose population is predominated by "ethnic minorities are designated "ethnic sumu – parallel with the "ethnic township in the rest of China. As of 2010, there is only one ethnic sumu in China, the "Evenk Ethnic Sumu.


A sum ("Mongolian: сум) is the second level administrative subdivision below the "Aimags (provinces), roughly comparable to a "County in the "United States. There are 331 sums in Mongolia. Each sum is again subdivided into bags.[1]


In "Russia, a sumon is an administrative division of the "Tuva Republic, and somon is that of the "Buryat Republic. Both are describing the Russian term ""selsoviet".

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Ole Bruun Precious Steppe: Mongolian Nomadic Pastoralists in Pursuit of the Market. 2006- Page 68 "The historical administrative units of aimag, sum, and bag (Khotont constitutes one of nineteen sums in Arkangai aimag) still form the bases of "
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