|Full title||To provide for the costs of loan guarantees for Ukraine.|
|Introduced in||"113th United States Congress|
|Introduced on||March 5, 2014|
|Sponsored by||"Rep. Harold Rogers (R, KY-5)|
|Number of co-sponsors||1|
|Agencies affected||"United States Department of State|
The Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (H.R. 4152; Pub.L. 113–95) is an American "Act of Congress that provides "Ukraine with "loan guarantees of up to $1 billion in response to the "2014 Russian military intervention in the country.
This act became law during the "113th United States Congress. Congress considered several other bills that would provide aid to Ukraine around that same time, including "S. 2124, a Senate bill with the same name, and the "Ukraine Support Act.
The "2014 Ukrainian revolution began with "civil unrest in "Kiev, "Ukraine, as part of Ukraine's ongoing "Euromaidan protest movement against the government. The conflict escalated rapidly, leading to the downfall of the government of President "Viktor Yanukovych and the setting up of a new government to replace it within a few days. Yanukovych fled to Russia, and is wanted in Ukraine for the killing of protesters. The conflict continued with the "2014 Crimean crisis when Russian forces "seized control of the Crimea region.
The 2014 Crimean crisis began in late February 2014 in the aftermath of the "Ukrainian Revolution, when—after months of protests by "Euromaidan and days of violent clashes between protesters and police in the Ukrainian capital "Kiev—the "President of Ukraine, "Viktor Yanukovych, fled the capital on February 21. The "Verkhovna Rada (the "parliament of Ukraine) subsequently voted unanimously to "impeach Yanukovych. This was followed by the "interim appointment of the "Yatsenyuk Government, as well as the appointment of a new Acting President of Ukraine, "Oleksandr Turchynov. However, "Russian President "Vladimir Putin has said President Yanukovych was illegally impeached and that Russia continues to regard him as Ukraine’s legitimate president.[a] Russia describes the Yatsenyk government as "self-proclaimed" and the events in Kiev as a ""coup d'etat".[b][c][d] Yanukovych supporters point out that not enough members of the parliament were present for the vote to reach the three-fourths majority required to impeach a President according to the "Constitution of Ukraine.
Beginning on February 26, pro-Russian forces gradually "took control of the Crimean peninsula. Russia claimed that the uniformed men were "local self-defense forces, but they are generally claimed in Western media to be Russian military personnel without insignia.
On 28 February, President "Barack Obama's statement was released warning Russia not to intervene in Crimea. The statement said that President Obama is "deeply concerned by reports of military movements taken by the Russian Federation inside of Ukraine." It added that "any violation of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity would be deeply destabilizing, which is not in the interest of Ukraine, Russia, or Europe" and that it would be "a clear violation of Russia's commitment to respect the independence and sovereignty and borders of Ukraine, and of international laws."
On 1 March, Obama held a phone conversation with Putin and said that the Russian invasion was a "violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and territorial integrity ... [and a] breach of international law." He warned of "greater political and economic isolation" and threatened to withdraw the United States from the "40th G8 summit chaired by Russia.
Secretary of State "John Kerry then labeled and condemned Russia's "invasion" of Ukraine on March 2 in an interview for "Face the Nation. He called it an "incredible act of aggression," and said that "you just don't in the 21st century behave in 19th century fashion by invading another country on completely trumped up pretext."
On 3 March, "National Security Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden announced that the United States would not send a presidential delegation to the "2014 Winter Paralympics in Sochi (which was to be led by "Tammy Duckworth), "in addition to other measures we are taking in response to the situation in Ukraine." As with the British boycott effort, it will not affect the country's participation in the Games themselves.
On 6 March, Obama signed "Executive Order 13660, Blocking Property of Certain Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine, authorizing sanctions against persons who, being determined by the Secretary of the Treasury in consultation with the Secretary of State, have violated or assisted in the violation of Ukraine's sovereignty.
On March 11, the Supreme Council of Crimea and the "City Council of Sevastopol "adopted a joint resolution expressing their intention to "unilaterally declare Crimea's independence from Ukraine as a "single united nation with the possibility of joining the "Russian Federation as a federal subject. In a "referendum on March 16, officials said that nearly 96% of those who voted in Crimea supported joining Russia. Election officials said the turnout was a record high, although many Tatars and opponents of the referendum were reported to have boycotted the vote. On March 17, the "Crimean parliament officially declared its independence from "Ukraine and requested to join the "Russian Federation. On March 18, President Putin reclaimed Crimea as a part of Russia on both moral and material grounds, citing the principle of self-determination and Crimea's strategic importance for Russia.
The Ukrainian parliament has stated that the referendum is unconstitutional. The "United States and the "European Union said they consider the vote to be illegal, and warned that there may be repercussions for the Crimean ballot.
On 17 March, Obama signed Executive Order 13661, Blocking Property of Additional Persons Contributing to the Situation in Ukraine, which expanded the scope of the previous sanctions imposed by EO 13660, to include the freezing of certain Russian government officials' assets in the US and blocking their entry into the US.
According to the "Congressional Research Service report, the initial House version of the bill would make "specified funds under the "Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014 and prior Acts for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs available to "Ukraine for loan guarantees." The bill would state that such amounts shall not be considered 'assistance' for the purpose of provisions of law limiting assistance to such country. The bill provides only for loan guarantees, not actual loans themselves.
H.R. 4152 was introduced into the "United States House of Representatives on March 5, 2014 by "Rep. Harold Rogers (R, KY-5). It was referred to the "United States House Committee on Appropriations and the "United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs. On March 6, 2014, the House voted in Roll Call Vote 114 to pass the bill 385-23.
On March 25, 2014, Senate Majority Leader "Harry Reid indicated that "United States Senate would vote on this bill on March 27, 2014, but only after amending it to include provisions that would put "sanctions "against anyone deemed by the president to have undermined Ukraine's security or independence, or to have engaged in corruption in Ukraine or Russia." The Senate has been pursuing its own Ukraine aid bill, the "Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014 (S. 2124; 113th Congress), but that bill included changes to the "International Monetary Fund that House Republicans had made it clear they would not accept. The Senate did vote to pass the bill by a "voice vote on March 27, 2014 after amending it. President "Barack Obama signed the bill into law on April 3, 2014, making it Pub.L. 113–95.
Senator Reid spoke in favor of the bill saying that "the people of Ukraine are watching... It's time to send a clear message to Putin that the U.S. condemns the annexation of Ukraine."
Speaker of the House "John Boehner said that the "best thing" that the House could do would be to "work with the administration, strengthening their hand to deal with what is a very difficult situation." This aid package was considered "a rare show of support for President Barack Obama" by House Republicans. House Majority Leader "Eric Cantor argued that the bill would show that the United States was "against this invasion."
Masked men with guns seized government buildings in the capital of Ukraine's Crimea region on Thursday, barricading themselves inside and raising the Russian flag after mysterious overnight raids that appeared to be the work of militant Russian nationalists who want this volatile Black Sea region ruled from Moscow.
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