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Writing cursive forms of T

T ("named tee "/t/[1]) is the 20th "letter in the "modern English "alphabet and the "ISO basic Latin alphabet. It is the most commonly used "consonant and the second most common letter in "English language texts.[2]



""Proto-semiticT-01.svg ""EtruscanT-01.svg ""Tau uc lc.svg

"Taw was the last letter of the Western "Semitic and "Hebrew alphabets. The sound value of Semitic Taw, "Greek alphabet Tαυ (Tau), "Old Italic and Latin T has remained fairly constant, representing ["t] in each of these; and it has also kept its original basic shape in most of these alphabets.

Use in writing systems[edit]


In English, ⟨t⟩ usually denotes the "voiceless alveolar plosive ("International Phonetic Alphabet and "X-SAMPA: /"t/), as in tart, tee, or ties, often with "aspiration at the beginnings of words or before "stressed vowels.

The digraph ⟨ti⟩ often corresponds to the sound /ʃ/ (a "voiceless palato-alveolar sibilant) word-medially when followed by a vowel, as in nation, ratio, negotiation, and Croatia.

The letter ⟨t⟩ corresponds to the affricate /t͡ʃ/ in some words as a result of "yod-coalescence (for example, in words ending in "-ture", such as future).

A common "digraph is ⟨th⟩, which usually represents a "dental fricative, but occasionally represents /t/ (as in Thomas and thyme.)

Other languages[edit]

In the "orthographies of other languages, ⟨t⟩ is often used for /t/, the "voiceless dental plosive /t̪/ or similar sounds.

Other systems[edit]

In the "International Phonetic Alphabet, ⟨t⟩ denotes the "voiceless alveolar plosive.

Related characters[edit]

Descendants and related characters in the Latin alphabet[edit]

Ancestors and siblings in other alphabets[edit]

Derived signs, symbols and abbreviations[edit]

Computing codes[edit]

Character T t
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
"Unicode 84 U+0054 116 U+0074
"UTF-8 84 54 116 74
"Numeric character reference T T t t
"EBCDIC family 227 E3 163 A3
"ASCII 1 84 54 116 74
1 Also for encodings based on ASCII, including the DOS, Windows, ISO-8859 and Macintosh families of encodings.

Other representations[edit]

"NATO phonetic "Morse code
""ICS Tango.svg ""Semaphore Tango.svg ""Sign language T.svg ""⠞
"Signal flag "Flag semaphore "American manual alphabet ("ASL "fingerspelling) "Braille


  1. ^ "T", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "tee", op. cit.
  2. ^ Lewand, Robert. "Relative Frequencies of Letters in General English Plain text". Cryptographical Mathematics. "Central College. Archived from the original on 2008-07-08. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 
  3. ^ Constable, Peter (2003-09-30). "L2/03-174R2: Proposal to Encode Phonetic Symbols with Middle Tilde in the UCS" (PDF). 
  4. ^ Constable, Peter (2004-04-19). "L2/04-132 Proposal to add additional phonetic characters to the UCS" (PDF). 
  5. ^ Everson, Michael (2006-08-06). "L2/06-266: Proposal to add Latin letters and a Greek symbol to the UCS" (PDF). 
  6. ^ "Everson, Michael; et al. (2002-03-20). "L2/02-141: Uralic Phonetic Alphabet characters for the UCS" (PDF). 
  7. ^ Ruppel, Klaas; Aalto, Tero; Everson, Michael (2009-01-27). "L2/09-028: Proposal to encode additional characters for the Uralic Phonetic Alphabet" (PDF). 
  8. ^ Cook, Richard; Everson, Michael (2001-09-20). "L2/01-347: Proposal to add six phonetic characters to the UCS" (PDF). 
  9. ^ Everson, Michael; Jacquerye, Denis; "Lilley, Chris (2012-07-26). "L2/12-270: Proposal for the addition of ten Latin characters to the UCS" (PDF). 

External links[edit]

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