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Part of "a series on the
"History of the
European Union
""EU enlargement between 1958 and 2013
""Flag of Europe.svg "European Union portal

TREVI was an intergovernmental network, or forum, of national officials from ministries of justice and the interior outside the "European Community framework, created during the "European Council meeting in "Rome, 1–2 December 1975. It ceased to exist when it was integrated into the so-called "Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) "pillar of the "European Union (EU) upon the entry into force of the "Treaty of Maastricht in 1992.

Council agreement on establishment of TREVI
"The "European Council adopted a proposal by the "Prime Minister of the United Kingdom that Community Ministers for the Interior (or Ministers with similar responsibilities) should meet to discuss matters coming within their competence in particular with regard to law and order."
The European Council in Rome, p.9 (Conclusions of the meeting, 2 Dec 1975)[1]

The first TREVI meeting at the level of senior officials was held in Rome where the famous "Trevi Fountain is located and the meeting was chaired by a "Dutchman by the name of Fonteijn (English: Fountain). In some French textbooks, it is noted that TREVI stands for Terrorisme, Radicalisme, Extrémisme et Violence Internationale.

The creation of TREVI was prompted by several terrorist acts, most notably the "hostage taking and subsequent massacre during the "1972 Olympic Games in Munich, and the inability of "Interpol at that time to effectively assist the European countries in combatting "terrorism. While TREVI was initially intended to coordinate effective counterterrorism responses among European governments, it slowly extended its remit to many other issues in crossborder policing between the members of the European Community. Many of the practices and a large part of the structure of the former Third Pillar traced their origins to TREVI.

Contents

Timeline for EU evolution[edit]

Signed:
In force:
"Document:
1948
1948
"Brussels
Treaty
1951
1952
"Paris
Treaty
1954
1955
"Modified
Brussels
Treaty
1957
1958
"Rome
Treaty
&
"EURATOM
1965
1967
"Merger
Treaty
1975
1976
Council
Agreement
on TREVI
1986
1987
"Single
European
Act
1985+90
1995
"Schengen
Treaty
&
"Convention
1992
1993
"Maastricht Treaty (TEU)
1997
1999
"Amsterdam
Treaty
2001
2003
"Nice
Treaty
"2007
2009
"Lisbon
Treaty
 
Content: (founded WUDO) (founded ECSC) (protocol amending WUDO to become WEU) (founded EEC and EURATOM) (merging the legislative & administrative bodies of the 3 European communities) (founded TREVI) (amended: EURATOM, ECSC, EEC)+
(founded EPC)
(founded Schengen)
(implemented Schengen)
(amended: EURATOM, ECSC, and EEC to transform it into EC)+
(founded: JHA+CFSP)
(amended: EURATOM, ECSC, EC to also contain Schengen, and TEU where PJCC replaced JHA) (amended with focus on institutional changes: EURATOM, ECSC, EC and TEU) (abolished the 3 pillars and WEU by amending: EURATOM, EC=>TFEU, and TEU)
(founded EU as an overall legal unit with "Charter of Fundamental Rights, and reformed governance structures & decision procedures)
 
                         
"Three pillars of the European Union:  
"European Communities
(with a single Commission & Council)
 
"European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)   
"European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002 "European Union (EU)
    "European Economic Community (EEC)   "European Community (EC)
        "Schengen Rules  
    Terrorism, Radicalism, Extremism and Violence Internationally (TREVI) "Justice and Home Affairs
(JHA)
  "Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC)
  "European Political Cooperation (EPC) "Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
"Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) "Western European Union (WEU)    
Treaty terminated in 2011    
                     

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL - ROME (1-2 DECEMBER 1975)" (pdf). Documents in the dossier include: The European Council in Rome, European Community Members to Issue EC Citizens a "European Passport", Declaration of Rambouillet 17 November 1975. December 1975. 
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