In "Greek mythology, Tartarus ("//; "Ancient Greek: Τάρταρος Tartaros) is the deep abyss that is used as a dungeon of torment and suffering for the wicked and as the prison for the "Titans. Tartarus is the place where, according to "Plato in "Gorgias (c. 400 BC), "souls were judged after death and where the wicked received divine punishment. Like other primal entities (such as the "Earth, "Night and "Time), Tartarus was also considered to be a primordial force or deity.
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In Greek mythology, Tartarus is both a deity and a place in the "underworld. In ancient Orphic sources and in the mystery schools, Tartarus is also the unbounded first-existing entity from which the Light and the cosmos are born.
In the "Greek "poet "Hesiod's "Theogony, c. 700 BC, Tartarus was the third of the "primordial deities, following after "Chaos and "Gaia (Earth), and preceding "Eros, and was the father, by Gaia, of the monster "Typhon. According to "Hyginus, Tartarus was the offspring of "Aether and "Gaia.
As for the place, Hesiod asserts that a bronze anvil falling from "heaven would fall nine days before it reached the earth. The anvil would take nine more days to fall from earth to Tartarus. In the "Iliad (c. 700 BC), "Zeus asserts that Tartarus is "as far beneath Hades as heaven is above earth."
While according to Greek mythology the realm of Hades is the place of the dead, Tartarus also has a number of inhabitants. When "Cronus came to power as the King of the "Titans, he imprisoned the one-eyed "Cyclopes and the hundred-armed "Hecatonchires in Tartarus and set the monster "Campe as its guard. Zeus killed Campe and released these imprisoned giants to aid in his conflict with the Titans. The gods of "Olympus eventually triumphed. Kronos and many of the other Titans were banished to Tartarus, though "Prometheus, "Epimetheus, "Metis and most of the female Titans were spared (according to "Pindar, Kronos somehow later earned Zeus' forgiveness and was released from Tartarus to become ruler of "Elysium). Another Titan, "Atlas, was sentenced to hold the sky on his shoulders to prevent it from resuming its primordial embrace with the Earth. Other gods could be sentenced to Tartarus as well. "Apollo is a prime example, although Zeus freed him. The Hecatonchires became guards of Tartarus' prisoners. Later, when Zeus overcame the monster Typhon, he threw him into "wide Tartarus".
Originally, Tartarus was used only to confine dangers to the gods of Olympus. In later mythologies, Tartarus became the place where the punishment fits the crime. For example:
According to "Plato (c. 427 BC), "Rhadamanthus, "Aeacus and "Minos were the judges of the dead and chose who went to Tartarus. Rhadamanthus judged Asian souls, Aeacus judged European souls and Minos was the deciding vote and judge of the Greek.
Plato also proposes the concept that sinners were cast under the ground to be punished in accordance with their sins in the "Myth of Er.
In Roman mythology, Tartarus is the place where sinners are sent. "Virgil describes it in the "Aeneid as a gigantic place, surrounded by the flaming river "Phlegethon and triple walls to prevent sinners from escaping from it. It is guarded by a "hydra with fifty black gaping jaws, which sits at a screeching gate protected by columns of solid "adamantine, a substance akin to diamond – so hard that nothing will cut through it. Inside, there is a castle with wide walls, and a tall iron turret. "Tisiphone, one of the "Erinyes who represents revenge, stands guard sleepless at the top of this turret lashing a whip. There is a pit inside which is said to extend down into the earth twice as far as the distance from the lands of the living to "Olympus. At the bottom of this pit lie the "Titans, the twin sons of "Aloeus, and many other sinners. Still more sinners are contained inside Tartarus, with punishments similar to those of Greek myth.
Tartarus occurs in the "Septuagint of Job, but otherwise is only known in Hellenistic Jewish literature from the Greek text of "1 Enoch, dated to 400–200 BC. This states that God placed the archangel "Uriel "in charge of the world and of Tartarus" (20:2). Tartarus is generally understood to be the place where 200 fallen "Watchers ("angels) are imprisoned.
Tartarus also appears in sections of the Jewish Sibylline Oracles. E.g. Sib. Or. 4:186.
In the "New Testament, the noun Tartarus does not occur but tartaroo (ταρταρόω, "throw to Tartarus"), a shortened form of the classical Greek verb kata-tartaroo ("throw down to Tartarus"), does appear in "2 Peter 2:4. "Liddell–Scott provides other sources for the shortened form of this verb, including "Acusilaus (5th century BC), "Joannes Laurentius Lydus (4th century AD) and the "Scholiast on "Aeschylus' "Eumenides, who cites "Pindar relating how the earth tried to tartaro "cast down" "Apollo after he overcame the Python. In classical texts, the longer form kata-tartaroo is often related to the throwing of the "Titans down to Tartarus.
The "ESV is one of several English versions that gives the Greek reading Tartarus as a footnote:
For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell  and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment;
- Footnotes  2:4 Greek Tartarus
"Adam Clarke reasoned that Peter's use of language relating to the Titans was an indication that the ancient Greeks had heard of a Biblical punishment of "fallen angels. Some Evangelical Christian commentaries distinguish Tartarus as a place for wicked angels and Gehenna as a place for wicked humans on the basis of this verse. Other Evangelical commentaries, in reconciling that some fallen angels are chained in Tartarus, yet some not, attempt to distinguish between one type of fallen angel and another.
Tartarus is featured in "Rick Riordan's "Percy Jackson and the Olympians and "The Heroes of Olympus novel series, where it serves its mythological role as a location in the Underworld. It is further noted as the place where the spirits of defeated monsters travel and undergo regeneration, allowing them to eventually return to Earth. As with the ancient Greeks, Riordan also personifies Tartarus as a sentient being; in this case as the husband of "Gaea and father of the "Giants. The rivers of the Underworld are revealed to be his circulatory system, and his actual form is the realm from Greek myth. He also displays the ability to "project" a humanoid form of considerable power. During the Mark of Athena, Nico di Angelo gets trapped in Tartarus and nearly goes insane. Percy Jackson and Annabeth Chase end up trapped there at the end of the book and spend the House of Hades wandering Tartarus to find a way out. They succeed with the help of the Titan Iapetus and the Giant Damasen, but both sacrifice themselves to save them from Tartarus himself.
Tartarus is one of the major locations in "Persona 3 but instead of an underground place, it is a high tower that only emerges in the middle of the night, known as the Dark Hour, where the main characters' school should be. It is the main location where combats occur, as well as being the place where many main story moments take place. Throughout the game, players climb up the floors and fight Shadows, the main monsters fought in the game. Tartarus is also the location in which many main story segments take place, such as various fights with Strega (major antagonists of the game), and the final boss battle. It is the background for most of the story's plot. It also makes an appearance in "Persona 4 Arena Ultimax as one of the main backgrounds of the game, emerging where the school the Persona 4 cast goes to is supposed to be, in a time similar to the Dark Hour.
In "Bungie Studios' 2004 video game "Halo 2, Tartarus is one of the main antagonists in the latter half of the campaign story. "The character (voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson) is the chieftain of the "Brutes, one of the alien species frequently combated in the game. He is easily recognized by his white fur, mohawk, and massive war hammer. His harsh, cruel, oppressive nature lends itself to his mythological underworld namesake. In the game's campaign, Tartarus shows consistent hostility and derision towards the race of "Elites of which the protagonist, "the Arbiter is a part. In the game's third act, he attempts to kill the Arbiter and leads the Brutes in a mutiny to usurp the leadership position of the Elites within the "Covenant army. Following this betrayal, the player, fighting as the Arbiter, must track down Tartarus and in the final mission, defeat him to stop the firing of the Halo ring.