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In "Greek mythology, the Telchines ("Ancient Greek: Τελχῖνες, Telkhines) were the original inhabitants of the island of "Rhodes, and were known in "Crete and "Cyprus.

Contents

Mythology[edit]

Their parents were either "Pontus and "Gaia, or "Tartarus and "Nemesis, or else they were born from the blood of castrated "Uranus along with the "Erinyes.[1] In another story there were nine Telchines, children of "Thalassa and "Pontus; they had flippers instead of hands and the heads of dogs and were known as fish children.[2]

They were regarded as excellent metallurgists: various accounts[3][4] state that they were skilled metal workers in brass and iron, and made a "trident for Poseidon and a sickle for "Cronus, both ceremonial weapons.[5] By some accounts, their children were highly worshipped as gods in the three ancient Rhodian towns of "Ialysos (Ἰαλυσός), "Kamiros (Κάμειρος) and "Lindos (Λίνδος).["citation needed]

The Telchines were entrusted by "Rhea with the upbringing of Poseidon, which they accomplished with the aid of Capheira (Καφείρα), one of "Oceanus' daughters.[3] Another version says that Rhea accompanied them to Crete from Rhodes, where nine of the Telchines, known as the "Curetes, were selected to bring up "Zeus.[6]

The Telchines were associated and sometimes confused with the "Cyclopes, "Dactyls and Curetes.[7]

They were believed to bring about hailstorms, snow, and rain at will, to assume any shape they pleased,[8] and produced a substance poisonous to living things.

The gods ("Zeus, "Poseidon or "Apollo) eventually killed them because they began to use magic for malignant purposes;[9] particularly, they produced a mixture of "Stygian water and sulfur, which killed animals and plants[10] (according to "Nonnus, they did so as a revenge for being driven out of Rhodes by the "Heliadae).[11] Accounts vary on how exactly they were destroyed: by flood,[9] or Zeus's thunderbolt,[12] or Poseidon's trident,[13] or else Apollo assumed the shape of a wolf to kill them.[14] They apparently lost one of the "titanomachias, the battles between the gods and the Titans.

Names[edit]

The following individual names are attested in various sources:[15][16][17][18][19]

Known female Telchines were Makelo, Dexithea (one of Damon's daughters)[20] and probably Lysagora (the attesting text is severely damaged).[21] "Ovid in his "Ibis mentions that Makelo, like the other Telchines, was killed with a thunderbolt;[22] according to "Callimachus[23] and "Nonnus,[13] however, Makelo was the only one to be spared. According to "Bacchylides,[21] the survivor is Dexithea. Bacchylides also mentions that Dexithea later had a son "Euxanthios by "Minos.[24] This Euxanthios is also known from "Pindar's works.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tzetzes on "Theogony 80
  2. ^ "Eustathius on "Homer, p. 771
  3. ^ a b "Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 5. 55. 5 ff
  4. ^ "Strabo, Geography 14. 2
  5. ^ "Callimachus, Hymn 4 to Delos 28 ff
  6. ^ "Strabo, Geography 10. 3. 19
  7. ^ "Strabo, Geography 10. 3. 7
  8. ^ "Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 5. 55.
  9. ^ a b "Ovid, Metamorphoses 7. 365 ff
  10. ^ "Strabo, Geography 14. 2. 7
  11. ^ "Nonnus, "Dionysiaca 14. 36 ff
  12. ^ a b "Pindar, Paean 5
  13. ^ a b "Nonnus, "Dionysiaca 18. 35
  14. ^ "Servius' on "Aeneid IV. 377
  15. ^ "Eustathius on "Homer p. 772
  16. ^ "Nonnus, "Dionysiaca 14. 36
  17. ^ "Tzetzes' commentary on "Theogony 80
  18. ^ "Stephanus of Byzantium s. v. Ataburon
  19. ^ "Hesychius s. v. Mylas
  20. ^ "Callimachus, Aitia Fragment 75
  21. ^ a b "Bacchylides, Fragment 1
  22. ^ "Ovid, Ibis, 475
  23. ^ "Callimachus, Aitia Fragment 3. 1
  24. ^ Confirmed by the account of Pseudo-"Apollodorus, "Bibliotheca 3. 1. 2

External links[edit]

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