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=> Telecommunications in Guatemala
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Telecommunications in Guatemala include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.
Radio and television
- "Radio stations: 1 government-owned radio station and hundreds of privately owned radio stations (2007).
- "Radios: 835,000 (1997).
- "Television stations: 4 privately owned national terrestrial channels dominate TV broadcasting; multi-channel satellite and cable services are available (2007).
- "Television sets: 640,000 (1997).
Guatemala's incumbent telephone company is TELGUA, which won the bidding for the privatization of the government run GUATEL.
||3,591,138 (June 2007)
||"CDMA 1x EVDO Rev 0 1900 mHz, "GSM/"GPRS/"EDGE 900/1900 mHz, "UMTS/"HSPA 1900 mHz (1.5 Mbit/s) with video calling and data services available.
||2,514,612 (June 2007)
||"CDMA 1x EVDO Rev A 1900 mHz and "GSM/"GPRS/"EDGE 1900 mHz, "UMTS/"HSPA 1900 mHz (7.2 Mbit/s) with data services only available.
|"Millicom / Local partners
||3,116,998 (June 2007)
||"TDMA/N-AMPS (to be shut down) and "GSM/"GPRS/"EDGE 850 mHz, "UMTS/"HSDPA 850 mHz (3.6 Mbit/s) with video calling and data services available
||"Digicel must be launched before June 18, 2008
||Planned "GSM/"GPRS/"EDGE 900 MHz
||~2.3 million, 72nd in the world
||~2.3 million, 86th in the world; 16.0% of the population, 153rd in the world
Internet censorship and surveillance
In 2011 the "OpenNet Initiative reported no evidence of Internet filtering in Guatemala.
Guatemala’s constitution protects "freedom of speech, "freedom of the press, and individual privacy, however, government officials routinely violate these rights. Recent constitutional reforms have legalized various "electronic surveillance techniques that threaten online privacy.
- The Ley de Proteccion Integral de la Niñez y Adolescencia (Law on the Protection of Children and Adolescents) permits the restriction of content for children younger than eighteen years of age if it is deemed harmful to their development. Media outlets and organizers of public events are required to evaluate and classify programmed content according to this law.
- The Ley de Emisión del Pensamiento (Law on Expression of Thought) prohibits "libel, "slander, and "treason in printed form, and stipulates that the author of any publication containing an opinion that the judiciary considers to be subversive, morally damaging, or "disrespectful" of private life may be subject to punishment. The Law on Expression of Thought explicitly requires newspapers that have incorrectly attributed acts to or published false information about people or entities to publish any corrections, explanations, or refutations sent to them by those they have accused. In cases of printed material that involves treason, is subversive, is "damaging to morals," or contains slander or libel, newspapers may be subject to a trial by jury; decisions may be appealed within 48 hours. The law makes an exception when the offended party is a government employee or official: if the offending content concerns "purely official acts" related to government work, the case will be judged in a "court of honor," and the decision will be final and closed to appeal.
- The Ley de Orden Público (Law of Public Order) states that if the government has declared the country to be "in a state of siege," journalists must "refrain from publishing anything that might cause confusion or panic."
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Communications: Guatemala", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
- ^ Dialing Procedures (International Prefix, National (Trunk) Prefix and National (Significant) Number) (in Accordance with ITY-T Recommendation E.164 (11/2010)), Annex to ITU Operational Bulletin No. 994-15.XII.2011, International Telecommunication Union (ITU, Geneva), 15 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2014.
- ^ "Telephone System terms and abbreviations", World Factbook, U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, 7 January 2014. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
- ^ a b Calculated using penetration rate and population data from "Countries and Areas Ranked by Population: 2012", Population data, International Programs, U.S. Census Bureau, retrieved 26 June 2013
- ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union (Geneva), June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
- ^ "Fixed (wired)-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, "International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, "International Telecommunication Union. Retrieved on 29 June 2013.
- ^ a b c d e "Country profile: Guatemala", OpenNet Initiative, 15 July 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.