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Tervuren
"Municipality
""The Royal Museum for Central Africa, seen from the park behind the museum.
The "Royal Museum for Central Africa, seen from the park behind the museum.
""Flag of Tervuren
Flag
""Coat of arms of Tervuren
Coat of arms
""Tervuren is located in Belgium
Tervuren
Tervuren
Location in Belgium
Location of Tervuren in Flemish Brabant
""TervurenLocatie.png
Coordinates: 50°49′N 04°30′E / 50.817°N 4.500°E / 50.817; 4.500"Coordinates: 50°49′N 04°30′E / 50.817°N 4.500°E / 50.817; 4.500
Country "Belgium
"Community "Flemish Community
"Region "Flemish Region
"Province "Flemish Brabant
"Arrondissement "Leuven
Government
 • Mayor Jan Spooren "N-VA
 • Governing party/ies "N-VA, "CD&V, Groen+
Area
 • Total 32.92 km2 (12.71 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total 21,911
 • Density 670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
"Postal codes 3080
"Area codes 02
Website www.tervuren.be

Tervuren "/tərˈvjʊrən/ (Dutch pronunciation: "[tɛrˈvyːrə(n)]) is a "municipality in the province of "Flemish Brabant, in "Flanders, "Belgium. The municipality comprises the villages of "Duisburg, Tervuren, "Vossem and "Moorsel. On January 1, 2006, Tervuren had a total "population of 20,636. The total "area is 32.92 km², which gives it a "population density of 627 inhabitants per km.

The official language of Tervuren is "Dutch. Local minorities consist primarily of "French speakers and nationals of many countries of the "European Union, the "USA, and "Canada. The reason for this diverse mix of nationalities is the presence of "expatriate workers and their families working in and around "Brussels, usually either for the European Union, "NATO or for "multinational corporations. The "British School of Brussels has been located in Tervuren since 1970.

Tervuren is one of the richest municipalities in Belgium. It is linked to Brussels by a large processional avenue, "Tervurenlaan, built by king "Leopold II for the "Universal Exhibition of 1897. This interweaves with a "combined heritage and commuter tramline. Until 1959, Tervuren was also served by an electric railway, whose disused terminus opposite the "Royal Museum for Central Africa is now a pub named the Spoorloos Station (Trackless Station).

Contents

History[edit]

For centuries people thought that Tervuren was the same place as "Fura", where "Saint Hubert (Hubertus) died in 727 AD. There is, however, no historical proof of this, and recent scholarship locates "Fura" in "Voeren/Fourons, between "Maastricht and "Liège.[2]

A document dating from 1213 AD proves the presence of "Henry I, Duke of Brabant, possibly in a wooden fortification. This evolved into the castle of Tervuren, the residence of the "dukes of Brabant in the 14th and 15th centuries. The castle was demolished in 1782 under "Joseph II.

"Tram 44, which travels between Brussels (Montgomery) and Tervuren (and the Royal Museum for Central Africa) exists because of Leopold II's desire to bring visitors from around the world to his 1897 exhibition of the "Congo Free State.

Culture[edit]

The "Royal Museum for Central Africa (RMCA) is an "ethnographical and "natural history "museum. It focuses mainly on the Congo, Belgium's former "colony. However, some aspects (especially regarding to biological research) extend to the whole of the "Congo River basin, "Middle Africa, "East Africa and "West Africa. It was at first intended purely as a colonial museum, but after 1960 it became more focused on ethnography and "anthropology. Like in most museums, there is both a research department and a public exhibit department.

Despite its name, not all research pertains to Africa. For example, there is research going on into the "archaeozoology of "Sagalassos. Some researchers have strong ties with the "Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences. The museum is surrounded by gardens, with the biggest "giant redwood in Flanders, and a large park with lakes. St Hubert Chapel is located at the west end of the park.

Tervuren Library (Gemeentelijke Openbare Bibliotheek Tervuren - GOBT) is situated at Vandersandestraat 15. It contains around 43,300 printed documents, and 886 DVDs.

Education[edit]

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A (mirrorerd) view on the castle of Tervuren by Sanderus from 1659
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Tervuren Castle near Brussels, by "Anthonie Crussens, c. 1655

The Gemeentelijke Basisschool Tervuren has a "kindergarten and a "primary school. The Heilig Hartcollege (HHC) Tervuren has a primary school as well. It also has a "grammar school. The Koninklijke Atheneum Tervuren (KAT) is a primary and grammar school. There is also the GITO, a secondary technical school. The "British School of Brussels has been located in Tervuren since 1970. There are also several alternative schools including the Kristoffel Steiner School [3] (originally for children 2.5 to 6 years and now introducing primary school education). The Steiner method of teaching is subsidised by the Government and follows the curriculum from the Federation of Steiner Schools in Flanders; Dutch speaking but encompasses and accommodates children from different nationalities.

Twin towns[edit]

Tervuren is "twinned with "Dachau, "Oosterbeek (in "Renkum)[4] and "Kloster Lehnin.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Population per municipality as of 1 January 2017 (XLS; 397 KB)
  2. ^ R. de la Haye, “Lambertus, laatste bisschop van Maastricht; Hubertus, eerste bisschop van Luik: Hun eigentijdse levensbeschrijvingen”, Publications de la Société Historique et Archéologique dans le Limbourg (PSHAL) 143 (2007), 9-66.
  3. ^ www.steinerschooltervuren.be
  4. ^ a b "Tervuren - Integratie" (in Dutch). Retrieved 2012-10-05. 

External links[edit]

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