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The Crow
""Eric
The Crow #1 (February 1989).
Publication information
"Publisher "Caliber Press, "Kitchen Sink Press, "Image Comics, "IDW Publishing
"First appearance Caliber Presents #1 (Jan. 1989)
"Created by "James O'Barr
In-story information
Alter ego Eric
Abilities
  • Enhanced strength, speed, and "agility
  • Cat-like reflexes
  • Heightened senses
  • Resistance to injury or pain
  • Complete Invulnerability
The Crow
Series publication information
"Publisher "Caliber Press (1989–1990)
"Kitchen Sink Press (1996–1998)
"Image Comics (1999)
"IDW Publishing (2012–2014)
Format "Limited series
Genre "Gothic fiction
Publication date (The Crow (Caliber Press))
Feb. – May "1989
(The Crow: Dead Time)
Jan. – Mar. "1996
(The Crow: Flesh & Blood)
May – July "1996
(The Crow: Wild Justice)
Oct. – Dec. "1996
(The Crow: Waking Nightmares)
Jan. "1997 – May "1988
(The Crow / Razor: Kill the Pain)
Apr. "1998 – Sept. "1988
(The Crow (Image Comics))
Feb. "1999 – Nov. "1989
Number of issues 45+
Main character(s) Eric Draven
Shelly
Creative team
Writer(s) "James O'Barr, "John Wagner, "James Vance, "Jerry Prosser, "Christopher Golden, "Everette Hartsoe, "Jon J Muth, John Shirley, Frank Bill
Artist(s) "James O'Barr, "Alexander Maleev, "Charlie Adlard, Jamie Tolagson, "Paul Lee, "Kevin Colden, Antoine Dodé, Drew Moss
Penciller(s) "Philip Hester
Inker(s) Andé Parks
Collected editions
The Crow: Special Edition "ISBN "978-1451627251

The Crow is a "Superhero "comic book "series created by "James O'Barr revolving around the titular character of the same name. The series, which was originally created by O'Barr as a means of dealing with the death of his girlfriend at the hands of a drunk driver,[1] was first published by "Caliber Comics in 1989. It became an underground success, and was later adapted into "a film of the same name in "1994. Three film sequels, a television series, and numerous books and comic books (published by numerous companies) have also been subsequently produced.

The Crow has been translated into almost a dozen languages and has sold around 750,000 copies worldwide.[2]

Contents

Publication history[edit]

Caliber Press[edit]

""
""
Deadworld #10 (1988) back cover. Art by James O'Barr.

The Crow first appeared on the back cover of Deadworld #10 (November 1988); James O'Barr provided a back cover to the first comic book Caliber Press published, which contained an advertisement for the upcoming The Crow appearance in Caliber Presents #1. (The ads shows The Crow standing with a smoking shotgun in one hand and a samurai sword in the other, with the statement, "For Some Things...There Is No Forgiveness". It mentions The Crow appearing in February 1989.)

The Crow's first in-story appearance was in Caliber Presents #1 (January 1989), in the story "Inertia", which serves as a prequel to the main series. O'Barr again provided a back cover for this issue.

The character's first limited series was The Crow #1-4 (Feb.–May 1989). Four issues, titled "Pain", "Fear", "Irony", and "Despair," take readers through a series of vengeance tales as The Crow cuts and shoots through Tin Tin, Tom Tom, Top Dollar, Funboy and T-Bird, the gang members that attacked and killed him and his lover Shelly.

In A Caliber Christmas (Dec. 1989), Eric reflects back on happier times with Shelly in the story "Atmosphere." (In The Crow graphic novel, this story is placed between issues #2 and 3.)

Caliber Presents #15 (Sept. 1990) contained a preview of the unpublished The Crow #5, titled "Death", that was meant to complete the original story arc.

Tundra Publishing[edit]

"Tundra Publishing later reprinted Caliber's first four issues in two double-sized volumes and printed "Death" (also double-sized) as the third volume.

Kitchen Sink Press[edit]

From 1996-1998, "Kitchen Sink Press published five "mini-series and a "one-shot based on The Crow concept with a new avatar in each series.

London Night Studios[edit]

Following the Kitchen Sink series, "London Night Studios published The Crow/Razor: Kill the Pain in 1998, which saw Eric Draven paired with "Everette Hartsoe's "bad girl character "Razor.

Image Comics[edit]

In 1999, "Image Comics released a new Crow comic series with yet another take on the Eric Draven story. It ran for ten issues, ending in November of that year.

Gallery Books[edit]

O'Barr stated in a 2004 interview that The Crow: Author's Edition would contain at least "60 pages of new material that no one has ever seen. Half of that are pages that had to be removed for space reasons." O'Barr described the additions as including "more romance flashback scenes between Eric and Shelly," as well as sequences that would make the work "more visually interesting."[3]

On January 16, 2010, it was announced on O'Barr's official website that the Author's Edition of The Crow was indeed going to be released and that O'Barr was currently working on it.[4] On April 7, 2011, O'Barr announced that The Crow: Special Edition would be released on July 28, 2011, from Gallery Books.[5]

IDW Publishing[edit]

In July 2012, "IDW Publishing published a new five-issue Crow series, The Crow: Death and Rebirth, written by novelist "John Shirley (co-writer of the original Crow film) and illustrated by "Kevin Colden.[6]

Three more IDW Crow series followed: The Crow: Skinning the Wolves (2013), The Crow: Curare (2013) and The Crow: Pestilence (2014).

Plot[edit]

The story revolves around an unfortunate young man named Eric. He and his fiancée, Shelly, are assaulted by a gang of street thugs after their car breaks down. Eric is shot in the head and is "paralyzed, and can only watch as Shelly is savagely beaten, "raped, and shot in the head. They are then left for dead on the side of the road. Eric later dies in the hospital operating room while Shelly is "DOA.

He is resurrected by a crow and seeks vengeance on the "murderers, methodically stalking and killing them. When not on the hunt, Eric stays in the house he shared with Shelly, spending most of his time there lost in memories of her. Her absence is torture for him; he is in emotional pain, even engaging in "self-mutilation by cutting himself.

The crow acts as both guide and goad for Eric, giving him information that helps him in his quest but also chastising him for dwelling on Shelly's death, seeing his pining as useless self-indulgence that distracts him from his purpose.

Characters[edit]

Critical reception[edit]

The Crow is ranked 37th in "IGN's Top 100 Comic Book Heroes[7] In 2005, creator James O'Barr claimed that The Crow was:

In other media[edit]

Film[edit]

In 1994, a film based on the comic (titled "The Crow) was released to theaters by "Miramax Films. The film was both a critical and commercial success earning $50,693,129[9] total gross during its 1994 United States theatrical release. A cult following, in part due to the accidental death of its star "Brandon Lee on the film's set, has maintained the film's popularity, with a regular staple of movie memorabilia being found at retailers like "Hot Topic. Three sequels have been made so far: "The Crow: City of Angels (1996), starring "Vincent Pérez (as The Crow), "Mia Kirshner, "Richard Brooks and "Iggy Pop; "The Crow: Salvation (2000), starring "Eric Mabius (as The Crow), "Kirsten Dunst and "Fred Ward; and "The Crow: Wicked Prayer (2005), starring "Edward Furlong (as The Crow), "David Boreanaz and "Tara Reid.

In the late 1990s, a sequel/reboot to The Crow entitled The Crow: 2037 was in the works; it would be set in the future. It was written and scheduled to be directed by "Rob Zombie, but it was ultimately cancelled.[10][11][12][13]

On December 14, 2008, "Stephen Norrington announced in "Variety that he planned to write and direct a "reinvention" of The Crow. Norrington distinguished between the original and his remake: "Whereas Proyas’ original was gloriously Gothic and stylized, the new movie will be realistic, hard-edged and mysterious, almost documentary-style."[14] In 2009 "Ryan Kavanaugh's "Relativity Media was negotiating with "Edward R. Pressman for both the film's rights and financing.[15] In May 2013, actor "Luke Evans accepted the role of Eric Draven, with "F. Javier Gutiérrez set to direct. According to James O'Barr the movie is expected to be much more faithful to the comic including flashbacks, metaphors, horses, trains, and barbed wire, making it not suitable for younger audiences.[16] Director Javier Gutierrez also confirmed that his intentions are to create literally a page-by-page adaptation of the movie.[17] Filming was slated to start in the spring of 2015[18] but on July 31, 2015, "The Hollywood Reporter reported that production on the reboot stalled because of Relativity Media's bankruptcy.[19]

"Corin Hardy was the next director to take on the film and O'Barr said in October 2017

As of right now, it’s slated to start pre-production in February with a very talented British director named Corin Hardy. I’m involved in every aspect of the film and working closely with the director.[20]

Television[edit]

A "television series, "The Crow: Stairway to Heaven (1998), was based on the first movie with "Mark Dacascos replacing Lee in the role of Eric Draven.

Novels and story collections[edit]

From 1996–2001, a number of novels based on the world and thematic concerns of The Crow were published, mostly by "Harper. Authors of these novels included such notable names as "Chet Williamson, "David Bischoff, "Poppy Z. Brite, "S. P. Somtow, "Norman Partridge, and "A. A. Attanasio.

In 1998, O'Barr and editor "Ed Kramer asked an array of "fiction writers, poets, and artists — including "Gene Wolfe, "Alan Dean Foster, "Charles de Lint, "Jack Dann, "Jane Yolen, "Henry Rollins and "Iggy Pop — to interpret this "Gothic fiction phenomenon. The Crow: Shattered Lives and Broken Dreams[21] was released by "Random House on Halloween; and a year later, in a limited signed and numbered volume, by "Donald M. Grant Publishing.

Video games[edit]

"The Crow: City of Angels is a 1997 action "video game for "Sega Saturn, "Sony PlayStation, and "Microsoft Windows. It is loosely based on the "movie of the same title. The player assumes the role of the hero of the film, Ashe Corven. It received negative reviews,[22][23]. Ojom GmbH released a j2me game called simply The Crow.

Music[edit]

There have been five albums of music related to The Crow and its attendant films:

Bibliography[edit]

Comics[edit]

Novels[edit]

Short Stories[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DIKE BLAIR | Writing". Thing.net. Retrieved 2011-01-12. 
  2. ^ "The Crow Translations". Archived from the original on 2008-04-15. Retrieved 2010-02-05. 
  3. ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert (May 21, 2004). "James O'Barr, creator of The Crow". Suicide Girls. Retrieved 2008-04-24.  Archived on 2008-04-24.
  4. ^ "The Crow Author's Edition". James O'Barr. January 16, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  5. ^ O'Barr, James. "'The Crow: Special Edition' release date!" James O'Barr blog (April 7, 2011).
  6. ^ The Comic Book Critic. "Preview of The Crow #1 (IDW)". Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  7. ^ The Crow - #37 Top Comic Book Heroes - IGN
  8. ^ CrowFansOnline and James O'Barr - the official fansite of the creator of The Crow
  9. ^ "The Crow". Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  10. ^ "Zombie Will Write/Direct Next "Crow" Flick – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. 1997-02-11. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  11. ^ "What happened to the Rob Zombie script for Crow: 2037?". Experts123.com. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  12. ^ "Scripts on the Net – The Crow: 2037 A New World of Gods and Monster, by Rob Zombie – Read The Screenplay". Roteirodecinema.com.br. 2008-09-22. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  13. ^ "100 Wonderful and Terrible Movies That Never Existed". Io9.com. 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  14. ^ Fleming, Michael (2008-12-14). "Norrington flies with 'Crow' franchise". Variety. 
  15. ^ "The Crow Relaunch Moves Forward With Casting". "i09. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  16. ^ "NYCC 2014: Twenty Years Of 'The Crow' With James O'Barr". IGN. 2014-10-10. Retrieved 2014-11-15. 
  17. ^ Korsgaard, Sean CW (October 30, 2014). "Interview with James O'Barr, creator of The Crow". korsgaardscommentary.com. Retrieved November 15, 2014. 
  18. ^ "The Crow Reboot to Start Shooting in Spring 2015". IGN. 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-11-15. 
  19. ^ Ritman, Alex (July 31, 2015). "Relativity Fallout: 'The Crow' Remake Sees Pre-Production Stall". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  20. ^ Salcido, Mark (2017-10-29). "Exclusive: The Crow Reboot To Begin Pre-Production In February". Screengeek. Retrieved 2017-10-30. 
  21. ^ The Crow: Shattered Lives & Broken Dreams review, Publishers Weekly. Accessed Oct. 27, 2016.
  22. ^ "The Crow: City of Angels". Game Rankings. 1997-02-28. Retrieved 2011-01-13. 
  23. ^ GamePro 95 (June 1997), page 76.
  24. ^ "Crow City of Angels (1996) comic books," MyComicShop.com. Accessed Dec. 28, 2017.
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