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"The Right Reverend and "Right Honourable
Thomas Sherlock
"Bishop of London
""Thomas Sherlock portrait.jpg
Church "Church of England
Diocese "London
Elected 1748
Term ended 1761 (death)
Predecessor "Edmund Gibson
Successor "Thomas Hayter
Other posts "Bishop of Salisbury
"Bishop of Bangor
Consecration c. 1728
Personal details
Born 1678
Died (1761-07-18)18 July 1761
Buried "All Saints Church, Fulham, "Middlesex
Nationality "British
Denomination "Anglican
Parents "William Sherlock
Profession "Academic
"Alma mater "St Catharine's College, Cambridge (MA, DD)

Thomas Sherlock (1678 – 18 July 1761) "PC was a "British "divine who served as a "Church of England bishop for 33 years. He is also noted in church history as an important contributor to "Christian apologetics.



Born in "London, he was the son of the Very Revd "William Sherlock, "Dean of St Paul's. He was educated at "Eton College and "St Catharine's College, Cambridge.[1] In 1704 he succeeded his father as "Master of the Temple, where he was very popular.

Sherlock died in 1761 and is buried in the churchyard of "All Saints Church, Fulham, Middlesex.


In 1714 he became "master of his "old college at "Cambridge and later the "university's vice-chancellor, whose privileges he defended against "Richard Bentley. In 1715, he was appointed "Dean of Chichester.

He took a prominent part in the "Bangorian controversy against "Benjamin Hoadly. Sherlock became "Bishop of Bangor in 1728; he was afterwards translated to "Salisbury in 1734, where he was ex officio "Chancellor of the Order of the Garter and then to "London in 1748, when he was sworn of the "Privy Council. Sherlock was a capable administrator and cultivated friendly relations with "Dissenters. In "Parliament he gave good service to his old schoolfellow, "Robert Walpole, "Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.


Sherlock's tomb monument at All Saints' Church, Fulham

He published against "Anthony Collins's "deistic Grounds of the Christian Religion a volume of sermons entitled The Use and Intent of Prophecy in the Several Ages of the World (1725); and in reply to "Thomas Woolston's Discourses on the Miracles he wrote a volume entitled The Tryal of the Witnesses of the Resurrection of Jesus (1729), which soon ran through fourteen editions. His Pastoral Letter (1750) on the late earthquakes had a circulation of many thousands, and four or five volumes of Sermons which he published in his later years (1754–1758) were also at one time highly esteemed.

A collected edition of his works, with a memoir, in five volumes, by "Thomas Smart Hughes, appeared in 1830.

Sherlock's Tryal of the Witnesses is generally understood by scholars such as Edward Carpenter, Colin Brown and William Lane Craig, to be a work that the Scottish philosopher "David Hume probably had read and to which Hume offered a counter viewpoint in his empiricist arguments against the possibility of miracles.

Bishop Sherlock also wrote a highly respected work entitled A Discourse Concerning the Divine Providence in which he argues that the Sovereignty and Providence of God are unimpeachable.


Since the Deist controversy Sherlock's argument for the evidences of the resurrection of Jesus Christ has continued to interest later Christian apologists such as "William Lane Craig and "John Warwick Montgomery. His place in the history of apologetics has been classified by "Ross Clifford as belonging to the legal or juridical school of Christian apologetics.


  1. ^ "Sherlock, Thomas (SHRK693T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 


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Academic offices
Preceded by
"Thomas Green
"Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge
Succeeded by
"Daniel Waterland
Preceded by
"William Dawes
"Master of St Catharine's College, Cambridge
Succeeded by
"Thomas Crosse
"Church of England titles
Preceded by
"William Baker
"Bishop of Bangor
Succeeded by
"Charles Cecil
Preceded by
"Benjamin Hoadly
"Bishop of Salisbury
Succeeded by
"John Gilbert
Preceded by
"Edmund Gibson
"Bishop of London
Succeeded by
"Thomas Hayter
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