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Temporal range: Late Carboniferous–Recent
A "silverfish, "Lepisma saccharina, typical of species in the order "Zygentoma
"Scientific classification
Kingdom: "Animalia
Phylum: "Arthropoda
Class: "Insecta

Thysanura is the now "deprecated name of what for over a century was recognised as an "order in the "class "Insecta. Members of the order shared several characterisics, such as of having three long "caudal filaments, the lateral ones being the "cerci, while the one between is a "medial cerciform appendage, specifically an "epiproct. They also are totally wingless and have bodies covered with fine scales, rather like the scales of the practically unrelated "Lepidoptera. Until the mid twentieth century the order Thysanura included the suborder "Archaeognatha, but since then the Archaeognatha have been raised to the status of an independent order in their own right. The name of the sole remaining suborder was the "Zygentoma,[2] encompassing the "silverfish and "firebrats. The Zygentoma too, were raised to full order status.

A typical member of the order Archaeognatha

Once the Zygentoma were given full order status, the term "Thysanura" became redundant as an order name, but the momentum of nearly two centuries of nomenclature has kept the name Thysanura in common use and in much published material.[3]


The name Thysanura is derived from the Greek θυσάνος, thysanos for fringe, tassel, bristle and οὐρά, oura for tail, a reference to the three fanned out caudal filaments.


  1. ^ Hoell, H.V., Doyen, J.T. & Purcell, A.H. (1998). Introduction to Insect Biology and Diversity, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press. p. 320. "ISBN "0-19-510033-6. 
  2. ^ P. J. Gullan; P. S. Cranston (13 July 2010). The Insects: An Outline of Entomology. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 202–. "ISBN "978-1-4443-1767-1. 
  3. ^ Richards, O. W.; Davies, R.G. (1977). Imms' General Textbook of Entomology: Volume 1: Structure, Physiology and Development Volume 2: Classification and Biology. Berlin: Springer. "ISBN "0-412-61390-5. 

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