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Main article: "Awards and honours presented to Tim Berners-Lee

"He wove the World Wide Web and created a mass medium for the 21st century. The World Wide Web is Berners-Lee's alone. He designed it. He loosed it on the world. And he more than anyone else has fought to keep it open, nonproprietary and free."

—Tim Berners-Lee's entry in Time magazine's list of the "100 Most Important People of the 20th century, March 1999.[18]

Berners-Lee has received many awards and honours. He was "knighted in 2004 upon promotion from Officer of the "Order of the British Empire (OBE) to Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the "New Year Honours "for services to the global development of the Internet", and was invested formally on 16 July 2004.[14][15]

On 13 June 2007, he was appointed to the "Order of Merit (OM), an order restricted to 24 (living) members.[57] Bestowing membership of the Order of Merit is within the personal purview of the Queen, and does not require recommendation by ministers or the Prime Minister. He was elected a "Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2001.[2] He has been conferred honorary degrees from a number of Universities around the world, including "Manchester (his parents worked on the "Manchester Mark 1 in the 1940s), "Harvard and "Yale.[58][59][60]

In 2012, Berners-Lee was among the "British cultural icons selected by artist Sir "Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires to mark his 80th birthday.[61][62] On 4 April 2017, the "Association for Computing Machinery named Berners-Lee the recipient of the 2016 "Turing Award "for inventing the World Wide Web, the first web browser, and the fundamental protocols and algorithms allowing the Web to scale".[21]

Personal life[edit]

Berners-Lee was married to Nancy Carlson in 1990; they had two children and divorced in 2011. In 2014, Berners-Lee married Rosemary Leith at "St. James's Palace in London.[63] Leith is director of the "World Wide Web Foundation and a fellow at "Harvard University's Berkman Center. Previously, she was "World Economic Forum Global Agenda Council Chair of the Future of Internet Security[64] and now is on the board of YouGov.[65]

Berners-Lee was raised as an "Anglican, but in his youth, he turned away from religion. After he became a parent, he became a "Unitarian Universalist (UU).[66] He has stated: "Like many people, I had a religious upbringing which I rejected as a teenager... Like many people, I came back to religion when we had children".[67] He and his wife wanted to teach spirituality to his children, and after hearing a Unitarian minister and visiting the UU Church, they opted for it.[68] He is an active member of that church,[69] to which he adheres because he perceives it as a tolerant and liberal belief. He has expressed respect for other faiths, stating: "I believe that much of the philosophy of life associated with many religions is much more sound than the dogma which comes along with it. So I do respect them."[67]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d BERNERS-LEE, Sir Timothy (John). "Who's Who. 2015 (online "Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b "Fellowship of the Royal Society 1660–2015". London: "Royal Society. Archived from the original on 15 July 2015. 
  3. ^ " – Tim Berners-Lee's proposal". Retrieved 21 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Tim Berners Lee's own reference. The exact date is unknown.
  5. ^ Berners-Lee, Tim; Mark Fischetti (1999). "Weaving the Web: The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by its inventor. Britain: Orion Business. "ISBN "0-7528-2090-7. 
  6. ^ Berners-Lee, T. (2010). "Long Live the Web". "Scientific American. 303 (6): 80–85. "doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1210-80. "PMID 21141362. 
  7. ^ "Shadbolt, N.; Berners-Lee, T. (2008). "Web science emerges". Scientific American. 299 (4): 76–81. "doi:10.1038/scientificamerican1008-76. "PMID 18847088. 
  8. ^ Berners-Lee, T.; "Hall, W.; "Hendler, J.; "Shadbolt, N.; Weitzner, D. (2006). "Computer Science: Enhanced: Creating a Science of the Web". Science. 313 (5788): 769–771. "doi:10.1126/science.1126902. "PMID 16902115. 
  9. ^ "Draper Prize". "Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  10. ^ "People". The Web Science Research Initiative. Archived from the original on 28 June 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2011. 
  11. ^ "MIT Center for Collective Intelligence (homepage)". Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  12. ^ "MIT Center for Collective Intelligence (people)". Retrieved 15 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "Tim Berners-Lee and Martin Eakes Join Ford Foundation Board", Ford Foundation, 29 September 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Web's inventor gets a knighthood". "BBC News. 31 December 2003. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  15. ^ a b "Creator of the web turns knight". "BBC News. 16 July 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  16. ^ "Timothy Berners-Lee Elected to National Academy of Sciences". "Dr. Dobb's Journal. Retrieved 9 June 2009. 
  17. ^ "72 New Members Chosen By Academy" (Press release). United States National Academy of Sciences. 28 April 2009. Retrieved 17 January 2011. 
  18. ^ a b Quittner, Joshua (29 March 1999). "Tim Berners Lee—Time 100 People of the Century". Time Magazine. He wove the World Wide Web and created a mass medium for the 21st century. The World Wide Web is Berners-Lee's alone. He designed it. He loosed it on the world. And he more than anyone else has fought to keep it open, nonproprietary and free 
  19. ^ a b Friar, Karen (28 July 2012). "Sir Tim Berners-Lee stars in Olympics opening ceremony". ZDNet. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  20. ^ a b Berners-Lee, Tim (27 July 2012). "This is for everyone". Twitter. Retrieved 28 July 2012. 
  21. ^ a b "A. M. Turing Award". Association for Computing Machinery. 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  22. ^ a b c d "Berners-Lee Longer Biography". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 18 January 2011. 
  23. ^ "Lunch with the FT: Tim Berners-Lee". Financial Times. 
  24. ^ "Berners-Lee's original proposal to CERN". World Wide Web Consortium. March 1989. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  25. ^ a b Stewart, Bill. "Tim Berners-Lee, Robert Cailliau, and the World Wide Web". Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  26. ^ a b Berners-Lee, Tim. "Frequently asked questions". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 22 July 2010. 
  27. ^ Grossman, Wendy (15 July 1996). "All you never knew about the Net ...". The Independent. 
  28. ^ Berners-Lee, Tim. "Answers for Young People". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  29. ^ "Biography and Video Interview of Timothy Berners-Lee at Academy of Achievement". Retrieved 21 December 2011. 
  30. ^ "Ten Years Public Domain for the Original Web Software". CERN. Retrieved 21 July 2010. 
  31. ^ Gromov, Gregory, Roads and Crossroads of Internet History, Chapter 4: Birth of the Web > 1990.
  32. ^ "Tim Berners-Lee. Confirming The Exact Location Where the Web Was Invented". 8 July 2010. 
  33. ^ "The World Wide Web project". Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  34. ^ "Welcome to, the website of the world's first-ever web server". CERN. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  35. ^ "World Wide Web—Archive of world's first website". World Wide Web Consortium. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  36. ^ "World Wide Web—First mentioned on USENET". Google. 6 August 1991. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  37. ^ "The original post to alt.hypertalk describing the WorldWideWeb Project". "Google Groups. Google. 9 August 1991. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  38. ^ "80 moments that shaped the world". "British Council. Retrieved 13 May 2016. 
  39. ^ "Patent Policy—5 February 2004". World Wide Web Consortium. 5 February 2004. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  40. ^ Klooster, John W., (2009), Icons of Invention: the makers of the modern world from Gutenberg to Gates, ABC-CLIO, p. 611.
  41. ^ Berners-Lee, T.; "Hendler, J.; "Lassila, O. (2001). "The Semantic Web". Scientific American. 2841 (5): 34. "doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0501-34. 
  42. ^ "Tim Berners-Lee, World Wide Web inventor, to join ECS". World Wide Web Consortium. 2 December 2004. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  43. ^ "Berners-Lee 'sorry' for slashes". BBC. 14 October 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2009. 
  44. ^ "Tim Berners-Lee". World Wide Web Consortium. 10 June 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009. 
  45. ^ "Ordnance Survey offers free data access". BBC News. 1 April 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2009. 
  46. ^ FAQ—World Wide Web Foundation. Retrieved 18 January 2011.
  47. ^ Ghosh, Pallab (15 September 2008). "Web creator rejects net tracking". BBC. Retrieved 15 September 2008. Warning sounded on web's future. 
  48. ^ Cellan-Jones, Rory (March 2008). "Web creator rejects net tracking". BBC. Retrieved 25 May 2008. Sir Tim rejects net tracking like Phorm. 
  49. ^ Adams, Stephen (March 2008). "Web inventor's warning on spy software". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 25 May 2008. Sir Tim rejects net tracking like Phorm. 
  50. ^ Berners, Tim (December 2010). "Long Live the Web: A Call for Continued Open Standards and Neutrality". Scientific American. Retrieved 21 December 2011. 
  51. ^ "". Retrieved 9 September 2013. 
  52. ^ Computing, Government (23 May 2012). "Government commits £10m to Open Data Institute". "The Guardian. 
  53. ^ Gibbs, Samuel (7 October 2013). "Sir Tim Berners-Lee and Google lead coalition for cheaper internet". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  54. ^ Weinberger, David, "How the father of the World Wide Web plans to reclaim it from Facebook and Google". Digital Trends, 10 August 2016. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  55. ^ "Sir Tim Berners-Lee joins Oxford's Department of Computer Science". UK: "University of Oxford. 27 October 2016. 
  56. ^ "Sir Tim Berners-Lee joins Oxford's Department of Computer Science and Christ Church". UK: "Christ Church, Oxford. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 14 November 2016. 
  57. ^ "Web inventor gets Queen's honour". BBC. 13 June 2007. Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  58. ^ "Scientific pioneers honoured by The University of Manchester". 2 December 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2016. 
  59. ^ "Yale awards 12 honorary degrees at 2014 graduation". Yale News, 19 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  60. ^ "Harvard awards 9 honorary degrees", Harvard Gazette, 26 May 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  61. ^ Davies, Caroline (5 October 2016). "New faces on Sgt Pepper album cover for artist Peter Blake's 80th birthday". The Guardian. 
  62. ^ "Sir Peter Blake's new Beatles' Sgt Pepper's album cover". BBC. 9 November 2016. 
  63. ^ "“Ms Rosemary Leith and Sir Tim Berners-Lee are delighted to announce that they celebrated their marriage on 20 June 2014...." World Wide Web Foundation.
  64. ^ Rosemary Leith biography, World Economic Forum.
  65. ^ "YouGov strengthens its board", Interactive Investor, 21 January 2015.
  66. ^ "Faces of the week". Archived from the original on 26 September 2003. 
  67. ^ a b Berners-Lee, Tim. 1998. The World Wide Web and the "Web of Life".
  68. ^ Stephanie Sammartino McPherson. 2009. Tim Berners-Lee: Inventor of the World Wide Web. Twenty-First Century Books, p. 83: "A Church Like The Web".
  69. ^ Eden, Richard. 22 May 2011. "Internet pioneer Sir Tim Berners-Lee casts a web of intrigue with his love life", "The Telegraph.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
First recipient
"Millennium Technology Prize winner
2004 (for the "World Wide Web)
Succeeded by
"Shuji Nakamura
) )