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The timeline of historic inventions is a chronological list of particularly important or significant technological "inventions and the people who created the inventions.

Note: Dates for inventions are often controversial. Inventions are often invented by several inventors around the same time, or may be invented in an impractical form many years before another inventor improves the invention into a more practical form. Where there is ambiguity, the date of the first known working version of the invention is used here.

Contents

Earliest inventions[edit]

The dates listed in this section refer to the earliest evidence of an invention found and dated by "archaeologists and seen by the people editing the page. Dates are often approximate and change as more research is done, reported, and seen. Older examples of any given technology are found often. The locations listed are for the site where the earliest solid evidence has been found, but in most cases there is little certainty how close that may be to where the invention took place.

Paleolithic[edit]

Neolithic[edit]

Note the shift from "Ma and ka to "BC and AD – 8000 BC is approximately the same as 10 ka.

2nd millennium BC[edit]

1st millennium BC[edit]

8th century BC[edit]

7th century BC[edit]

6th century BC[edit]

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With the Greco-Roman trispastos ("three-pulley-crane"), the simplest "ancient crane, a single man tripled the weight he could lift than with his muscular strength alone.[71]

5th century BC[edit]

4th century BC[edit]

3rd century BC[edit]

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An illustration depicting the papermaking process in Han Dynasty China.

2nd century BC[edit]

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The earliest "fore-and-aft rigs, "spritsails, appeared in the 2nd century BC in the "Aegean Sea on small Greek craft.[91] Here a spritsail used on a "Roman merchant ship (3rd century CE).

1st century BC[edit]

1st millennium AD[edit]

1st century[edit]

2nd century[edit]

3rd century[edit]

""
""
Schematic of the Roman "Hierapolis sawmill. Dated to the 3rd century AD, it is the earliest known machine to incorporate a "crank and "connecting rod mechanism.[112][113][114]

4th century[edit]

5th century[edit]

6th century[edit]

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""
A "Nepali "Charkha in action

7th century[edit]

8th century[edit]

9th century[edit]

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""
A Mongol bomb thrown against a charging "Japanese "samurai during the "Mongol invasions of Japan after founding the "Yuan Dynasty, 1281.

10th century[edit]

2nd millennium[edit]

11th century[edit]

12th century[edit]

13th century[edit]

14th century[edit]

15th century[edit]

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""
The 15th-century invention of the "printing press with "movable type by the German "Johannes Gutenberg is widely regarded as the most influential event of the "modern era.[184]

16th century[edit]

17th century[edit]

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""
A 1609 title page of the German "Relation, the world's first newspaper (first published in 1605)[208][209]

18th century[edit]

1700s[edit]

1710s[edit]

1730s[edit]

1740s[edit]

1750s[edit]

1760s[edit]

1770s[edit]

1780s[edit]

1790s[edit]

19th century[edit]

1800s[edit]

1810s[edit]

1820s[edit]

1830s[edit]

1840s[edit]

1850s[edit]

1860s[edit]

1870s[edit]

1880s[edit]

1890s[edit]

20th century[edit]

1900s[edit]

1910s[edit]

1920s[edit]

1930s[edit]

1940s[edit]

1950s[edit]

1960s[edit]

1970s[edit]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

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  3. ^ Harvard Gazette, Invention of cooking drove evolution of the human species
  4. ^ a b http://discovermagazine.com/2013/may/09-archaeologists-find-earliest-evidence-of-humans-cooking-with-fire "Until the Wonderwerk Cave find, Gesher Benot Ya’aqov, a lakeside site in Israel, was considered to have the oldest generally accepted evidence of human-controlled fire."
  5. ^ a b James, Steven R. (February 1989). "Hominid Use of Fire in the Lower and Middle Pleistocene: A Review of the Evidence" (PDF). Current Anthropology. University of Chicago Press. 30 (1): 1–26. "doi:10.1086/203705. Retrieved 2012-04-04. 
  6. ^ http://www.earth.columbia.edu/articles/view/2839 "Anthropologists have yet to find an Acheulian hand axe gripped in a Homo erectus fist but most credit Homo erectus with developing the technology."
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  118. ^ Donners, K.; Waelkens, M.; Deckers, J. (2002): "Water Mills in the Area of Sagalassos: A Disappearing Ancient Technology", Anatolian Studies, Vol. 52, pp. 1–17 (13)
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  121. ^ Ronan (1994), 41.
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  128. ^ Needham, Volume 4, Part 2, 28.
  129. ^ Needham, Volume 4, Part 2, 322.
  130. ^ Galliazzo, Vittorio (1995): "I ponti romani", Vol. 1, Edizioni Canova, Treviso, "ISBN "88-85066-66-6, p. 92
  131. ^ Warren, John (1991): "Creswell's Use of the Theory of Dating by the Acuteness of the Pointed Arches in Early Muslim Architecture", "Muqarnas, Vol. 8, pp. 59–65 (61–63)
  132. ^ Smith, C. Wayne; Cothren, J. Tom (1999). Cotton: Origin, History, Technology, and Production. 4. John Wiley & Sons. pp. viii. "ISBN "978-0471180456. The first improvement in spinning technology was the spinning wheel, which was invented in India between 500 and 1000 A.D. 
  133. ^ Heinle, Erwin; Schlaich, Jörg (1996): "Kuppeln aller Zeiten, aller Kulturen", Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, "ISBN "3-421-03062-6, pp. 30–32
  134. ^ Needham, Volume 5, Part 1, 123.
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