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Transavantgarde or Transavanguardia is the Italian version of "Neo-expressionism, an art movement that swept through Italy, and the rest of Western Europe, in the late 1970s and 1980s. The term transavanguardia was coined by the Italian art critic, "Achille Bonito Oliva,[1] originating in the "Aperto '80" at the "Venice Biennale,[2][3] and literally means beyond the "avant-garde.

This art movement responded to the explosion of conceptual art which found many mediums of expression, by reviving painting and reintroducing emotion―especially joy―back into drawing, painting and sculpture.[4] Transavantgarde marked a return to "figurative art, as well as mythic imagery, which was rediscovered during the height of the movement.[5] The artists revived "figurative art and "symbolism, which were less frequently used in movements after World War II like minimalism. The principal transavantgarde artists were "Sandro Chia, "Francesco Clemente, "Enzo Cucchi, Nicola de Maria and "Mimmo Paladino.[6]


  1. ^ Chilvers, Ian (1999). A Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Art. Oxford University Press – via "Questia (subscription required). p. 620. 
  2. ^ Nieves, Marysol (2011). Taking Aim! The Business of Being An Artist Today. Fordham University Press – via "Questia (subscription required). p. 236. 
  3. ^ "The 1980s". La Biennale. Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  4. ^ Derwent, Charles (12 September 1999). "Visual Art: Land of the Living Dead Mimmo Paladino South London Gallery, London". The Independent  – via "HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 24 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Hawlitschka, Ursula (August 2000). "Enzo Cucchi and the Transavantgarde: Are We In An Abyss of Seeing?". 
  6. ^ Chuen, Ooi Kok (1 November 2000). "Creating art from chaos". New Straits Times  – via "HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 24 January 2014. 


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