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See also: "Rail transport in Europe

The "European Railway Agency has the mandate to create a competitive European railway area, by increasing cross-border compatibility of national systems, and in parallel ensuring the required level of safety. The ERA sets standards for European railways in the form of "ERA Technical Specifications for Interoperability, which apply to the "Trans-European Rail network.

The "first EU directive for railways requires allowing open access operations on railway lines by companies other than those that own the rail infrastructure. It does not require privatisation, but does require the separation of infrastructure management and operations. The directive has led to reorganisations of many national railway systems.

The EU has also taken the initiative of creating the "European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS), a single standard for train control and command systems, to enhance cross-border interoperability and the procurement of signalling equipment.

Road transport[edit]

Germany, Spain and France possess the most extensive network of motorways exceeding 10,000 km each. This figure is more than double to any other European country. Similarly, their rail infrastructure surpasses 15,000 km.[1]["better source needed] The total investment reached 6,000 millions for Spain and nearly double of this for Germany and France.[1] In terms of their population and territorial extension the Netherlands and Belgium have a better coverage and higher investment per square kilometer.[1]

Rail and motorway extension per unit area for some European Countries.[1]


The EU currently cooperates with the "European Space Agency, which is expected to become an EU agency in 2014. One of their projects is the satellite navigation system "Galileo.


  1. ^ a b c d European railways and motorways infrastructure (2013), http://hypowebsis.blogspot.de/2013/10/european-railway-and-motorway.html, with data from BBSR, BBR, Germany.

See also[edit]

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