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For other treaties also known as a "Treaty of Paris", see "Treaty of Paris (disambiguation).
Treaty of Paris
Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community
Signed 18 April 1951
Location "Paris, "France
Effective 23 July 1952
Expiration 23 July 2002
Signatories ""The Six":
The Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) at "Wikisource

The Treaty of Paris (formally the Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community) was signed on 18 April 1951 between "France, "West Germany, "Italy and the three "Benelux countries ("Belgium, "Luxembourg, and the "Netherlands), establishing the "European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), which subsequently became part of the "European Union. The treaty came into force on 23 July 1952 and expired on 23 July 2002, exactly fifty years after it came into effect.

The treaty was seen as producing diplomatic and economic stability in western Europe after the "Second World War. Some of the main enemies during the war were now sharing production of "coal and "steel, the key-resources which previously had been central to the war effort.

The "Europe Declaration was signed by all the leaders present. It declared that the Treaty had given birth to Europe. It emphasised that the supranational principle was the foundation of the new democratic organisation of Europe. The supranational concept was opposed by "Charles de Gaulle.

EU evolution timeline[edit]

Signed
In force
"Document
1948
1948
"Brussels
Treaty
1951
1952
Paris
Treaty
1954
1955
"Modified
Brussels
Treaty
1957
1958
"Rome
Treaty
&
"EURATOM
1965
1967
"Merger
Treaty
1975
1976
"Council
Agreement
on TREVI
1986
1987
"Single
European
Act
1985+90
1995
"Schengen
Treaty
&
"Convention
1992
1993
"Maastricht Treaty (TEU)
1997
1999
"Amsterdam
Treaty
2001
2003
"Nice
Treaty
"2007
2009
"Lisbon
Treaty
 
Content (founded WUDO) (founded ECSC) (protocol amending WUDO to become WEU) (founded EEC and EURATOM) (merging the legislative & administrative bodies of the 3 European communities) (founded TREVI) (amended: EURATOM, ECSC, EEC)+
(founded EPC)
(founded Schengen)
(implemented Schengen)
(amended: EURATOM, ECSC, and EEC to transform it into EC)+
(founded: JHA+CFSP)
(amended: EURATOM, ECSC, EC to also contain Schengen, and TEU where PJCC replaced JHA) (amended with focus on institutional changes: EURATOM, ECSC, EC and TEU) (abolished the 3 pillars and WEU by amending: EURATOM, EC=>TFEU, and TEU)
(founded EU as an overall legal unit with "bill of rights, and reformed governance structures & decision procedures)
 
                         
"Three pillars of the European Union:  
"European Communities
(with a single Commission & Council)
 
"European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)   
"European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Treaty expired in 2002 "European Union (EU)
    "European Economic Community (EEC)   "European Community (EC)
        "Schengen Rules  
    "Terrorism, Radicalism, Extremism and Violence Internationally (TREVI) "Justice and Home Affairs
(JHA)
  "Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC)
  "European Political Cooperation (EPC) "Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
"Western Union Defence Organization (WUDO) "Western European Union (WEU)    
Treaty terminated in 2011    
                     

External links[edit]

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