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Treaty of Perth
Type Peace treaty
Signed 2 July 1266[1]
Location "Perth, Scotland
Parties "Kingdom of Norway
"Kingdom of Scotland
Language "Latin
Constitutional documents relevant to the status of the "United Kingdom and legislative unions "of its constituent countries
""Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
"Treaty of Union 1706
"Acts of Union 1707
"Personal Union of 1714 1714
"Wales and Berwick Act 1746
"Irish Constitution 1782
"Acts of Union 1800
"Government of Ireland Act 1920
"Anglo-Irish Treaty 1921
"Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927
"N. Ireland (Temporary Provisions) Act 1972
"European Communities Act 1972
"Local Government Act 1972
"Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973
"Northern Ireland Assembly 1973
"N. Ireland Constitution Act 1973
"Referendum Act 1975
"Scotland Act 1978
"Wales Act 1978
"Local Government (Wales) Act 1994
"Local Government etc. (Scotland) Act 1994
"Referendums (Scotland & Wales) Act 1997
"Good Friday Agreement 1998
"Northern Ireland Act 1998
"Government of Wales Act 1998
"Scotland Act 1998
"Government of Wales Act 2006
"Northern Ireland Act 2009
"European Union Act 2011
"Scotland Act 2012
"Edinburgh Agreement 2012
"Wales Act 2014
"European Union Referendum Act 2015
"Scotland Act 2016
"Wales Act 2017

The Treaty of Perth, signed 2 July 1266, ended military conflict between "Magnus VI of Norway and "Alexander III of Scotland over the sovereignty of the "Hebrides and the "Isle of Man.[2]

The Hebrides and the Isle of Man had become Norwegian territory during centuries when both "Scotland and "Norway were still forming themselves as coherent nation-states, and Norwegian control had been formalised in 1098, when "Edgar of Scotland signed the islands over to "Magnus III of Norway. In Norwegian terms, the islands were the Sudreys, meaning Southern Isles.

The Treaty was agreed three years after the "Battle of Largs in 1263. "Michael Lynch has compared the treaty's importance with that of the "Treaty of York of 1237.[3] The Treaty of York defined a border between Scotland and "England which is almost identical to the modern border.

Largs is often claimed as a great Scottish victory, but the Norwegian forces, led by King "Håkon IV, were not fully committed to battle and the result was inconclusive. Håkon had planned to renew military action the following summer, but he died in "Orkney during the winter. His successor, King Magnus VI, sued for peace and secured the Treaty of Perth.["citation needed]

In the treaty Norway recognised Scottish sovereignty over the disputed territories in return for a lump sum of 4,000 "marks and an annuity of 100 marks. The annuity was paid during subsequent decades. Scotland also confirmed Norwegian sovereignty over "Shetland and "Orkney.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Treaty of Perth: a re-examination
  2. ^ a b "Agreement between Magnus IV and Alexander III, 1266". isleofman.com. 2009-09-23.  The text of the treaty.
  3. ^ Michael Lynch (1992). Scotland: A New History. Pimlico. p. 90. "ISBN "0-7126-9893-0. 
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