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UK Independence Party leadership election, November 2016
""Logo of UKIP.svg
← "September 2016 28 November 2016 "2017 →
Turnout 46.9% (Decrease7.6%)
  ""Paul Nuttal 2014 (cropped).jpg ""Suzanne Evans Chatham House Special Debate.jpg ""John Rees-Evans.png
Candidate "Paul Nuttall "Suzanne Evans "John Rees-Evans
Running mate "Peter Whittle
Percentage 62.6% 19.3% 18.1%
Popular vote 9,622 2,973 2,775

Leader before election

"Nigel Farage (interim); previously "Diane James (leader-elect)

Leader after election

"Paul Nuttall

The November 2016 UK Independence Party leadership election took place following the announcement on 4 October 2016 by "Diane James, the leader-elect of the "UK Independence Party, that she would not accept the leadership of the party, despite winning the "leadership election 18 days earlier.[1][2] "Nigel Farage, whom James was to succeed after the previous leadership election following his resignation, was selected the next day to serve as interim leader.[3]

On 28 November 2016, former deputy leader "Paul Nuttall was announced as the new leader of the UK Independence Party with 63% of the vote.

Contents

Background[edit]

The party was seen as having two major factions. On one side were those who backed "Nigel Farage; in "the previous leadership contest these had favoured "Steven Woolfe, and then, when he was not nominated, "Diane James. On the other were those who wanted a more collegiate party, including figures like "Suzanne Evans, the party's only MP "Douglas Carswell and its former director of communications "Patrick O'Flynn; this group had supported Lisa Duffy in the previous election.[4]

Woolfe was seen by many as the favourite in the election.[5] He admitted he had considered defecting to the "Conservative Party following the previous leadership election; an argument concerning this with his MEP colleagues at a meeting in the "European Parliament resulted in an altercation with "Mike Hookem, after which Woolfe collapsed and had to be hospitalised. He claimed Hookem had punched him, an accusation denied by Hookem. A few days later, on 17 October 2016, Woolfe withdrew his candidacy and quit UKIP, describing the party as ungovernable without Farage as leader.[6]

The party's National Executive Committee was expected to meet on 10 October 2016 to set a date and rules for the leadership election, but later rescheduled the meeting to 17 October.[7][8] While party chairman Paul Oakden initially mooted that the election could be delayed until 2017,[9] the NEC opened nominations on 17 October, to close at midday on 31 October. Hustings were expected in early November, and ballots were to be sent out on 11 November. The result was to be announced on 28 November.[10]

Campaign[edit]

On 7 October, Woolfe and "Raheem Kassam announced their intent to run for the leadership.[11][12] Woolfe was seen as favourite to succeed Diane James, following his failure to submit his nomination in time for the previous leadership election.[13] Woolfe's campaign message was that UKIP had to "stand up for the ignored working class and secure a radically different political landscape in Britain".[11] On 6 October, Woolfe had been hospitalised following an altercation with fellow MEP Mike Hookem at the European Parliament. On 17 October, Woolfe withdrew from the contest and left UKIP, claiming the party was in a "death spiral".[11] Party chairman Paul Oakden stated this was "regrettable", and former party leader Nigel Farage said it was "unfortunate".[11]

Kassam, who given Woolfe's withdrawal was expected to be the first ethnic minority candidate for the UKIP leadership, stated that he was the person to end "corruption" at the top of the party and heal the party divides.[12] Working under the banner of 'Make UKIP Great Again', Kassam sought to return UKIP to its "best" and to continue the legacy left by outgoing leader, Farage.[14] He also sought to address cultural and social divisions across the country by eliminating "Islamism in schools, prisons, and neighbourhoods.[15] Kassam vowed if elected to make UKIP the main party of opposition, replacing the "feckless "Labour Party" whilst increasing UKIP's membership to 100,000.[16] He was criticised by "The Huffington Post for his past comments on social media; for example, when he told people with whom he had disagreed on "Twitter to "fuck off". Moreover, the language used to describe the transgender community caused disputes both internally and externally.[17][18] He openly referred to himself as ""Islamophobe of the Year" in 2014, and advertised 'Brits for Trump' shirts that he said he had made in response to requests.[19] Promoting himself as a "straight-talking" candidate, some of his tweets and social presence had been strongly condemned, including a derogatory comment following Scottish First Minister "Nicola Sturgeon's miscarriage in 2014.[20] Rival candidate Suzanne Evans criticised him as "far right", whilst Nigel Farage responded, calling her "poisonous".[21][22] As the self-described "Farage-ist" candidate, his ideas on the party's future included introducing the position of party "CEO so the party can be "run like an organisation". Kassam's key message had been to prevent UKIP moving to the "squishy centre ground".[22] UKIP backer and prominent millionaire "Arron Banks described Kassam as "the candidate to beat".[23]

On 12 October, the leader of UKIP in the "London Assembly, "Peter Whittle, announced his candidacy,[24] promising, if elected, to ensure "Brexit is delivered. He further pledged that if UKIP under his leadership were to form a government, a priority would be ensuring national pride across the UK. Whittle proposed schools fly the "Union Jack, a statement that angered some groups.[25]

"John Rees-Evans, a former "British Army soldier, declared his candidacy on 17 October.[26] He pledged to ensure that the UK left the EU, and said the government ought to be reduced in size and function. He stated his belief that the current "political class" in Westminster was detached from citizens, and pledged to make politics more transparent and open if elected UKIP leader. Rees-Evans caused controversy in 2014 when he claimed that a "gay donkey tried to rape my horse". He later clarified his comments as "playful banter with a mischievous activist" and apologised.[27]

A few days later, on 18 October, fellow AM "David Kurten announced his intention to stand. His policies include protecting the "green belt, banning "Sharia law,[28] scrapping "HS2, "Crossrail 2[29] and a third runway at "Heathrow, introducing "proportional representation for general elections in the UK, and making the "House of Lords a fully elected, smaller second chamber.[30]

Two significant UKIP politicians, "Paul Nuttall (former deputy leader) and Suzanne Evans (former deputy chair of UKIP and director of policy for the party, before being expelled following the 2015 general election) entered the contest on 23 October.[31] Nuttall described himself as the "unity candidate" for the party, able to "bring the factions together."[32] Nuttall’s message was that UKIP could become the patriotic face of the working class, something shared by Kassam and Whittle. He said that UKIP could fill the "political gap vacated by what’s left of the Labour party" under "Jeremy Corbyn, who had "abandon[ed] his principles" over the EU, and promised to hold the government accountable over immigration. His key campaign message was to unify the party and to make the party the true "voice of the common man and woman".[32]

Evans’ message was party "detoxification".[31] She is a member of the party faction that favours more centrist conservative views; her priorities for leadership included ensuring that the 1972 "European Communities Act is repealed by the UK government, ensuring that UKIP led the "electoral reform process, and bolstering the current "Conservative government’s stance on law and order.[33] Evans caused some disruption with her pledge to end the "Trump-styled rhetoric" in the party. This was seen by some, including former party leader Nigel Farage, as an indirect swipe at Raheem Kassam’s campaign (whose logo was ‘Make UKIP Great Again’ similar to the ‘"Make America Great Again’ of "Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign). Evans has previously stated that she wished to see the UK’s defence budget increased, foreign aid budget and energy bills reduced and corporate tax avoiders held accountable for their actions.[33]

Evans appeared on ITV’s "The Agenda on 26 October, where she was criticised by fellow panellist "Jeremy Paxman over whether she had "compassion" regarding "child refugees in Calais. She replied "of course I have compassion, but this system is being abused here, it's quite obvious" in reference to some refugees, who have claimed to be children but who are believed by some to be grown adults.[34]

Two candidates formally withdrew from the contest: Andrew Beadle on 13 October[35] and "Bill Etheridge (who had come third in the previous leadership election) on 26 October.[36] Both argued that Paul Nuttall would be the most suitable candidate for leader, able to unify the party and help it move onto more “fertile ground.”[36] On 30 October, David Kurten withdrew from the race; praising his fellow candidates, he stated that he would be "happy to work with any of the remaining candidates... on ensuring Brexit is delivered."[37]

A 25 October survey of 91 UKIP councillors for "The Times found 42% supported Nuttall and 22% Evans. Others receiving support were Raheem Kassam (9%), Douglas Carswell and Lisa Duffy (5% each), Patrick O'Flynn (4%), Bill Etheridge (2%) and Peter Whittle (1%). 8% said none of the above.[38]

Kassam withdrew from the contest, endorsing Peter Whittle, on 31 October.[39]

Candidates[edit]

Declared[edit]

Withdrawn[edit]

Declined[edit]

Endorsements[edit]

Suzanne Evans: 'Stronger with Suzanne.'[edit]

MEPs[edit]

Other people[edit]

Paul Nuttall: 'United with Paul.'[edit]

Former party leaders[edit]

MEPs[edit]

Welsh AMs[edit]

Other people[edit]

UKIP councillors (by council)[edit]

John Rees-Evans: 'Powered by the People'[edit]

Previous endorsements[edit]

Steven Woolfe[edit]

MEPs

Other people

Raheem Kassam: 'Make UKIP Great Again.'[edit]

Peter Whittle: 'Win with Whittle.'[edit]

Timeline[edit]

Opinion polling[edit]

Some of the polls below include people who will not be candidates. Polls show both free choices among all candidates and constrained choices among particular pairs of candidates.

Poll source Date(s)
administered
Sample
size
"Jonathan
Arnott
Phillip
Broughton
"Douglas
Carswell
Lisa
Duffy
"Bill
Etheridge
"Suzanne
Evans
"Nigel
Farage
"Nathan
Gill
"Neil
Hamilton
Elizabeth
Jones
"Raheem
Kassam
"Paul Nuttall "Peter Whittle "Steven
Woolfe
Other/
Undecided
"The Times, Red Box surveys[38] 25 October 2016 91 UKIP councillors 5% 5% 2% 22% 0% 9% 42% 1% None of the above 8%

"Patrick O'Flynn 4%

"David Kurten, Andrew Beadle, John Rees-Evans 0%

17 October 2016 Nominations open, "Steven Woolfe resigns from UKIP.
"YouGov[89] 5–14 October 2016 1,003 UKIP members[a] 2% 1% 3% 4% 2% 7% 31% 1% 1% 2% 37% Don't know 8%
None of the above 3%
2% 1% 5% 5% 3% 10% 2% 2% 2% 47% Don't know 16%
None of the above 4%

Results[edit]

"Paul Nuttall was elected Leader with 62.6% of the vote.

32,757 ballot papers were issued and 15,370 members voted in the contest, a turnout of 47%.[90] This was a drop in turnout from the "September leadership election, which saw 17,842 members cast a ballot, a turnout of approximately 54%.

UK Independence Party leadership election, November 2016
Candidate Votes  %
Green tickY "Paul Nuttall 9,622
62.6%
"Suzanne Evans 2,973
19.3%
"John Rees-Evans 2,775
18.1%
Turnout 15,370 46.9%
Paul Nuttall elected as leader Green tickY

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eligible members of UKIP.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UKIP leader Diane James standing down after 18 days". BBC News. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "UKIP turmoil returns after Diane James resignation". BBC News. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Nigel Farage steps back in at UKIP as Diane James quits". BBC News. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Stamp, Gavin (7 October 2016). "Where did it all go wrong for UKIP?". BBC News. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  5. ^ Matthew Smith Data journalist at YouGov (18 October 2016). "Woolfe Was Firm Members' Favourite For Ukip Leader Before Quitting Party". Huffington Post. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  6. ^ Simpson, Fiona (18 October 2016). "Steven Woolfe: Ukip MEP quits party following Mike Hookem altercation". "London Evening Standard. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
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  29. ^ "David Kurten on Twitter: "Tories pretending to be @UKIP but will not protect green belt & waste £ billions on HS2, Heathrow expansion, Crossrail 2 + wind farms."". Twitter.com. 3 October 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 
  30. ^ "David Kurten". David Kurten. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
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  36. ^ a b "UKIP contender Bill Etheridge quits leadership race". BBC News. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  37. ^ "David Kurten on Twitter: "Statement on UKIP Leadership Contest https://t.co/gBfDMCRLL6"". Twitter.com. 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016.  External link in |title= ("help)
  38. ^ a b "Nuttall zooms ahead in Ukip leadership race". Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  39. ^ "Raheem Kassam withdraws from Ukip leadership contest". The Guardian. 2016-10-31. Retrieved 2016-10-31. 
  40. ^ a b "Suzanne Evans and Paul Nuttall both run for UKIP leadership". BBC News. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  41. ^ a b c d e f g "UKIP leadership: The contenders to succeed Diane James". BBC News. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  42. ^ a b c Mason, Rowena (5 October 2016). "Ukip leadership contest: five likely contenders to succeed Diane James". "The Guardian. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  43. ^ "John Rees-Evans announces decision to run for UKIP leadership". "Daily Express. 24 October 2016. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  44. ^ Beadle, Andrew (13 October 2016). "After due and thoughtful consideration I am very happy to advise my intention to put my name forward and stand... http://fb.me/43TR0WstU". "Twitter. Retrieved 14 October 2016.  External link in |title= ("help)
  45. ^ a b Beadle, Andrew (13 October 2016). "A Statement: After due thought and consideration I have decided to windup my UKIP Leadership campaign and... http://fb.me/5ETjjhbBp". "Twitter. Retrieved 14 October 2016.  External link in |title= ("help)
  46. ^ "Black Country Councillor to launch second UKIP leadership bid". "ITV News. 9 October 2016. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  47. ^ a b Etheridge, Bill (26 October 2016). "Bill Etheridge: Why I support Ukip leadership contender Paul Nuttall". "Daily Express. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  48. ^ a b "UKIP's Steven Woolfe and Raheem Kassam to stand for leadership". BBC News. 5 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  49. ^ a b "UKIP's Steven Woolfe says he's 'fine' after altercation". BBC News. 7 October 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2016. 
  50. ^ "Raheem Kassam on Twitter: "I have suspended my campaign for UKIP leader. A statement is on my website. Thank you to everyone who supported me. https://t.co/kt4SPfkOLM"". Twitter.com. 2016-10-31. Retrieved 2016-10-31.  External link in |title= ("help)
  51. ^ Kurten, David (18 October 2016). "I am pleased to announce my intention to stand in the UKIP leadership election". "Twitter. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  52. ^ "MEP Steven Woolfe quits UKIP". BBC News. 17 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  53. ^ a b Duffy, Nick (12 October 2016). "Gay UKIP politician Peter Whittle announces bid for party leadership". "PinkNews. Retrieved 12 October 2016. 
  54. ^ Press Association (2016-11-04). "Peter Whittle pulls out of Ukip leadership contest". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-11-12. 
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  57. ^ a b Nuttall, Paul (26 October 2016). "I'm pleased to have the support of @DavidCoburnUKip MEP in the #UKIPLeadership contest. Next endorsement at 8pm #UnitedWithPaul #ukip". "Twitter. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  58. ^ "Coburn 'would consider UKIP leadership'". BBC News. 18 October 2016. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
  59. ^ Goodenough, Tom (18 October 2016). "Ukip’s leadership race: All the runners and riders". "The Spectator. Retrieved 18 October 2016. 
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  61. ^ Francis, Paul (9 October 2016). "Ukip council leader Chris Wells drops hint that he could join race to be party leader". "KM Group. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  62. ^ "UKIP MEPs Back Nuttall for Leader". Guido Fawkes. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  63. ^ Duffy, Lisa (26 October 2016). "Please read why I am backing Suzanne Evans for the UKIP Leadership https://docs.google.com/document/d/1nHTDNTuUFfPYShdoHiSLahh0AdhEBKYVAV7i1Jb5I7Q/edit?usp=sharing … @SuzanneEvans1 @oflynnmep @PeterReeve". "Twitter. Retrieved 26 October 2016.  External link in |title= ("help)
  64. ^ Nuttall, Paul (26 October 2016). "I'm delighted that former #UKIP Leader Lord Pearson is supporting my #UKIPLeadership campaign. Next endorsement at noon. #UnitedWithPaul". "Twitter. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  65. ^ "Paul Nuttall on Twitter: "I'm very pleased that former #UKIP leader Jeffrey Titford is supporting my leadership campaign. Next endorsement at noon. #UnitedWithPaul https://t.co/3oYxgY4D90"". Twitter.com. 29 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.  External link in |title= ("help)
  66. ^ "Paul Nuttall on Twitter: "I'm pleased to receive the support of fellow MEP Stuart Agnew. #UnitedWithPaul #UKIPLeadership https://t.co/u0oLzg4bCN"". Twitter.com. 29 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016.  External link in |title= ("help)
  67. ^ Nuttall, Paul (25 October 2016). "I'm pleased to have the support of @Tim_Aker MEP in the #UKIPLeadership contest. Next endorsement at 8pm #UnitedWithPaul #ukip". "Twitter. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
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  69. ^ Nuttall, Paul (24 October 2016). "Delighted that @JamesJimCarver is supporting my #UKIP leadership campaign. Next endorsement at noon. #UnitedWithPaul". "Twitter. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  70. ^ "Paul Nuttall on Twitter: "I'm pleased to have the support of @Jane_CollinsMEP in the #UKIPLeadership race. #UnitedWithPaul https://t.co/gFS5IVWCfl"". Twitter.com. 2016-10-30. Retrieved 2016-11-28.  External link in |title= ("help)
  71. ^ Nuttall, Paul (25 October 2016). "Delighted that @raymondfinch MEP is supporting my #UKIP leadership campaign. Next endorsement at noon. #UnitedWithPaul". "Twitter. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  72. ^ Nuttall, Paul (26 October 2016). "I'm pleased that my colleague @RogerHelmerMEP is backing my bid for #UKIP leadership. Next endorsement at 4pm #UnitedWithPaul". "Twitter. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  73. ^ "Paul Nuttall on Twitter: "I'm pleased to receive the endorsement of @MikeHookemMEP for the #UKIPLeadership #UnitedWithPaul https://t.co/pVnF3HqVfV"". Twitter.com. 2016-10-30. Retrieved 2016-10-31.  External link in |title= ("help)
  74. ^ Nuttall, Paul (27 October 2016). "I'm glad to have the support of @julia_reid MEP in the #UKIPLeadership race. Next endorsement at 8PM #UnitedWithPaul". "Twitter. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  75. ^ Nuttall, Paul (30 October 2016). "I'm pleased to have the support of fellow #UKIP MEP William Dartmouth #UnitedWithPaul #UKIPLeadership Next endorsement at 12.". "Twitter. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  76. ^ "Paul Nuttall on Twitter: "Pleased to have the endorsement of @carolineUKIP #UKIP member of the Welsh Assembly. Next endorsement at 2PM #UnitedWithPaul https://t.co/RrvJscZhyS"". Twitter.com. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  External link in |title= ("help)
  77. ^ Nuttall, Paul (25 October 2016). "Pleased to receive the support of former #UKIP MEP @goddersbloom Next endorsement at 8am #UnitedWithPaul #UKIPLeadership". "Twitter. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  78. ^ Broughton, Phillip (25 October 2016). "I'm backing Paul Nuttall to be the next UKIP Leader". Phillipbroughton.wordpress.com. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  79. ^ 6h6 hours ago (28 October 2016). "Paul Nuttall on Twitter: "I'm pleased to have the support of David McNarry, Leader of #UKIP in Northern Ireland. Next Endorsement at 8PM. #UnitedWithPaul https://t.co/JXOzPKNWey"". Twitter.com. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  External link in |title= ("help)
  80. ^ "Paul Nuttal on Twitter: 'Pleased to have the endorsement of Cllr Lawrence Webb, #UKIP Group Leader on Havering Council. Next endorsement at 5PM #UnitedWithPaul'". Twitter.com. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
  81. ^ Nuttall, Paul (28 October 2016). "Very pleased that my predecessor as NW MEP John Whittaker is supporting my #UKIPLeadership campaign. Next endorsement at 2PM #UnitedWithPaul". "Twitter. Retrieved 28 October 2016. 
  82. ^ "Paul Nuttall on Twitter: "I'm pleased to receive the support of the UKIP group in Thanet: https://t.co/RaqDJxOrlI https://t.co/QOHg7qocXg"". Twitter.com. 2016-10-23. Retrieved 2016-10-31.  External link in |title= ("help)
  83. ^ "Thurrock UKIP back Paul Nuttall in leadership contest". Your Thurrock. 23 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016. 
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  90. ^ "Paul Nuttall elected as UKIP leader". BBC News. 2016-11-28. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
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