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United States
Under Secretary of Commerce
for Intellectual Property
""Seal of the United States Department of Commerce.svg
""Andrei Iancu official photo.jpg
"Andrei Iancu

since February 8, 2018
Formation January 17, 2001
First holder "Q. Todd Dickinson
Website www.uspto.gov

The Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property, or USC(IP), is a high-ranking official in the "United States Department of Commerce and the principal advisor to the "United States Secretary of Commerce on the "intellectual property matters. The Under Secretary is dual-hatted as the Director of the "United States Patent and Trademark Office within the Commerce Department.[1]

The Under Secretary is appointed by the "President of the United States with the consent of the "United States Senate to serve at the pleasure of the President. President Trump nominated Andrei Iancu to fill the position on August 25, 2017.[2] He was confirmed on February 5, 2018, on a 94-0 vote.



As the Director of the "United States Patent and Trademark Office, the Under Secretary is responsible for administering laws relevant to granting "patents and "trademarks, and for the day-to-day management of the agency's $1.7 billion budget and more than 8,000 employees.[1] The Under Secretary is also obligated to conduct programs and studies regarding intellectual property, and to conduct cooperative programs with other foreign intellectual property offices.

With the rank of Under Secretary, the USC(IP) is a Level III position within the "Executive Schedule. Since January 2010, the annual rate of pay for Level III is $165,300.


The position of Under Secretary and Director of the United States Patent Office was created by the Patent and Trademark Office Efficiency Act,[3] which was signed into law by President "Bill Clinton on November 29, 1999. It was effective made January 17, 2001, by Department of Commerce Department Organization Order (DOO) no. 10-14.[4] The DOO abolished the position's predecessor, the Assistant Secretary of Commerce and Commissioner of Patents and Trademarks. The act mandated the creation of the Deputy Under Secretary and Deputy Director, who assists the Under Secretary, as well as other aspects of the reorganization of the office as a federal agency.[4][5]

Reporting officials[edit]

Officials reporting to the USC(IP)/Director include:

Office holders[edit]

"David Kappos (right) being sworn in as Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and USPTO Director, by Secretary of Commerce "Gary Locke, as Kappos's wife, Leslie, holds the bible, August 13, 2009

Before "David Kappos, the acting Under Secretary was "John Doll, who replaced "Jon Dudas when he resigned on January 20, 2009. Dudas had been appointed by President "George W. Bush in July 2004, and had served as acting Under Secretary since 2002.[1] Previous Under Secretaries include "Q. Todd Dickinson and "James E. Rogan.[6][7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Executive Bio print - Dudas". Archived from the original on August 19, 2007. Retrieved September 16, 2007. 
  2. ^ "USPTO Update from John Cabeca, Silicon Valley Director". 
  3. ^ Patent and Trademark Office Efficiency Act, Pub.L. 106-113, 113 "Stat. 1501A-572, enacted November 29, 1999.
  4. ^ a b "Department Organization Order 10-14". January 17, 2001. Archived from the original on April 5, 2003. Retrieved September 16, 2007. 
  5. ^ "35 U.S.C. § 3
  6. ^ "Testimony of Q. Todd Dickinson". Archived from the original on August 30, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2007. 
  7. ^ "Office of the Director". Archived from the original on December 17, 2001. Retrieved September 27, 2007. 
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