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See also: "2011 military intervention in Libya
"US Air Force "Lockheed EC-130J aircraft broadcasts a naval blockade warning message to Libyan ports during "Operation Odyssey Dawn on 20 March 2011.

Military intervention in Libya began on 19 March, as fighter jets of the "French Air Force destroyed several pro-Gaddafi vehicles advancing on rebel stronghold "Benghazi. "U.S. and "British submarines then fired over 110 "Tomahawk "cruise missiles at targets throughout Libya, severely disabling the regime's "air defense capability and allowing a wider enforcement of the no-fly zone to begin. A coalition of 10 states from "Europe and the "Middle East initially participated in the intervention, later expanding to 17. On 31 March, "NATO assumed command of the operation. The intervention succeeded in preventing pro-Gaddafi forces from capturing Benghazi.[16]

On 24 August, it was acknowledged for the first time that "special forces troops from Britain,[17] Italy, France, Jordan, "Qatar,[18] and the "UAE[18] had intervened on the ground in Libyan territory, stepping up operations in Tripoli and other cities.[19] This has been questioned as a possible violation of Resolution 1973[20] although the use of special forces is not prohibited by the resolution.

"Noam Chomsky has argued that the Western military intervention into Libya was a clear breach of UNSCR 1973 since it nullified the attempts for a ceasefire that were put forward by the resolution and welcomed by Gaddafi. As he puts it, "NATO powers (France and Britain in the lead and the United States following) violated the resolution, radically, and became the air force of the rebels. Nothing in the resolution justified that. It did call for “all necessary steps” to protect civilians, but there’s a big difference between protecting civilians and being the air force for the rebels." [21]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Security Council authorizes 'all necessary measures' to protect civilians in Libya". United Nations News Centre. 17 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Libya: UN backs action against Colonel Gaddafi". "BBC News. 18 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Libya: Nigeria votes in favour of no-fly resolution". "Vanguard (Nigeria). 18 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Roth, Richard (18 March 2011). "U.N. Security Council approve no-fly zone in Libya". "CNN. 
  5. ^ Obama not ruling out arming Libya rebels
  6. ^ "China opposed UN resolution on Libya". "Times of India. 18 March 2011. 
  7. ^ "UN Security Council adopts resolution on Libya". "RIA Novosti. 18 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Africa defies AU chief's support for Ghaddafi". Afrol News. 18 March 2011. 
  9. ^ BBC (retrieved 18 March 2011)
  10. ^ "Germany won't send forces to Libya, foreign minister declares". The Guardian. 17 March 2011. 
  11. ^ a b UNSC 6498th Meeting. UNSC. 17 March 2011. pp. 5–6. 
  12. ^ "Libya declares ceasefire". New Statesman. 
  13. ^ "Gadhafi blasts 'crusader' aggression after strikes". MSNBC. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "UN backs action against Colonel Gaddafi". BBC News. 18 March 2011. Retrieved 22 October 2011. 
  15. ^ Tharoor, Ishaan (2011-03-17). "Gaddafi Warns Benghazi Rebels: We Are Coming, And There'll Be No Mercy". Time. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 
  16. ^ [1] Archived March 23, 2011, at the "Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Thomas Harding, Gordon Rayner and Damien McElroy Libya: SAS leads hunt for Gaddafi, August 24 2011
  18. ^ a b Hunt is on for safe houses where dictator can lie low | News — "Evening Standard
  19. ^ Barbara Starr Foreign forces in Libya helping rebel forces advance, August 24 2011
  20. ^ George Grant Special Forces in Libya: A Breach of UNSCR 1973?, 25 August 2011
  21. ^ Bailey, Eric (2012-12-13). "An Interview with Noam Chomsky --- Nothing Can Justify Torture". Asian Human Rights Commission. Retrieved 2016-09-16. 

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