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Postmaster General of the United States
Chief Executive Officer of the United States Postal Service
""The U.S Postal Service Postmaster General and Chief Executive Officer official portait
Incumbent
"Megan Brennan

since February 1, 2015
"United States Postal Service
Appointer "Board of Governors
"Term length Indefinite
Inaugural holder "Benjamin Franklin
Formation 1775
Deputy Ronald A. Stroman
Salary $276,840[1]
Website about.usps.com/leadership

The Postmaster General of the United States is the chief executive officer of the "United States Postal Service. The office, in one form or another, is older than both the "United States Constitution and the "United States Declaration of Independence. "Benjamin Franklin was appointed by the "Continental Congress as the first Postmaster General in 1775, serving just over 15 months.

Until 1971, the postmaster general was the head of the "Post Office Department (or simply "Post Office" until the 1820s).[2] From 1829 to 1971, he was a member of the "President's "Cabinet.

The Cabinet post of Postmaster General was often given to a new President's campaign manager or other key political supporter, and was considered something of a "sinecure. The Postmaster General was in charge of the governing party's "patronage, and was a powerful position which held much influence within the party.

In 1971, the Post Office Department was re-organized into the "United States Postal Service, an independent agency of the executive branch. Therefore, the Postmaster General is no longer a member of the Cabinet and is no longer in "Presidential succession.

The Postmaster General is the second-highest paid U.S. government official, based on publicly available salary information, after the President of the United States.[3]

Contents

Postmasters General under the Continental Congress[edit]

Name Date appointed
"Benjamin Franklin July 26, 1775
"Richard Bache November 7, 1776
"Ebenezer Hazard January 28, 1782
""
""
Samuel Osgood (1747–1813)

Postmasters general over the U.S. Post Office Department, 1789–1971[edit]

As non-Cabinet department, 1789–1829[edit]

Name State of Residence Date appointed "President(s) served under
"Samuel Osgood (pictured right) "Massachusetts September 26, 1789 "Washington
"Timothy Pickering "Pennsylvania[4] August 12, 1791 Washington
"Joseph Habersham "Georgia February 25, 1795 Washington, "Adams, "Jefferson
"Gideon Granger "Connecticut November 28, 1801 Jefferson, "Madison
"Return J. Meigs, Jr. "Ohio March 17, 1814 Madison, "Monroe
"John McLean "Ohio June 26, 1823 Monroe, "J. Q. Adams

As cabinet department, 1829–1971[edit]

Name State of Residence Date appointed "President(s) served under
"William T. Barry "Kentucky March 9, 1829 "Jackson
"Amos Kendall "Kentucky May 1, 1835 Jackson, "Van Buren
"John M. Niles "Connecticut May 19, 1840 Van Buren
"Francis Granger "New York March 6, 1841 "W. H. Harrison, "Tyler
"Charles A. Wickliffe "Kentucky September 13, 1841 Tyler
"Cave Johnson "Tennessee March 6, 1845 "Polk
"Jacob Collamer "Vermont March 8, 1849 "Taylor
"Nathan K. Hall "New York July 23, 1850 "Fillmore
"Samuel Dickinson Hubbard "Connecticut August 31, 1852 Fillmore
"James Campbell "Pennsylvania March 7, 1853 "Pierce
"Aaron V. Brown "Tennessee March 6, 1857 "Buchanan
"Joseph Holt "Kentucky March 14, 1859 Buchanan
"Horatio King "Maine February 12, 1861 Buchanan
"Montgomery Blair "District of Columbia March 5, 1861 "Lincoln
"William Dennison "Ohio September 24, 1864 Lincoln, "A. Johnson
"Alexander W. Randall "Wisconsin July 25, 1866 A. Johnson
"John A. J. Creswell "Maryland March 5, 1869 "Grant
"James W. Marshall "Virginia July 3, 1874 Grant
"Marshall Jewell "Connecticut August 24, 1874 Grant
"James N. Tyner "Indiana July 12, 1876 Grant
"David M. Key "Tennessee March 12, 1877 "Hayes
"Horace Maynard "Tennessee June 2, 1880 "Hayes
"Thomas L. James "New York March 5, 1881 "Garfield, "Arthur
"Timothy O. Howe "Wisconsin December 20, 1881 Arthur
"Walter Q. Gresham "Indiana April 3, 1883 Arthur
"Frank Hatton "Iowa October 14, 1884 Arthur
"William F. Vilas "Wisconsin March 6, 1885 "Cleveland
"Donald M. Dickinson "Michigan January 6, 1888 Cleveland
"John Wanamaker "Pennsylvania March 5, 1889 "B. Harrison
"Wilson S. Bissell "New York March 6, 1893 Cleveland
"William L. Wilson "West Virginia March 1, 1895 Cleveland
"James A. Gary "Maryland March 5, 1897 "McKinley
"Charles Emory Smith "Pennsylvania April 21, 1898 McKinley, "T. Roosevelt
"Henry C. Payne "Wisconsin January 9, 1902 T. Roosevelt
"Robert J. Wynne "Pennsylvania October 10, 1904 T. Roosevelt
"George B. Cortelyou "New York March 6, 1905 T. Roosevelt
"George von L. Meyer "Massachusetts January 15, 1907 T. Roosevelt
"Frank H. Hitchcock "Massachusetts March 5, 1909 "Taft
"Albert S. Burleson "Texas March 5, 1913 "Wilson
"Will H. Hays "Indiana March 5, 1921 "Harding
"Hubert Work "Colorado March 4, 1922 Harding
"Harry S. New "Indiana February 27, 1923 Harding, "Coolidge
"Walter F. Brown "Ohio March 5, 1929 "Hoover
"James A. Farley "New York March 4, 1933 "F. Roosevelt
"Frank C. Walker "Pennsylvania September 10, 1940 F. Roosevelt, "Truman
"Robert E. Hannegan "Missouri May 8, 1945 Truman
"Jesse M. Donaldson "Missouri December 16, 1947 Truman
"Arthur E. Summerfield "Michigan January 21, 1953 "Eisenhower
"J. Edward Day "California January 21, 1961 "Kennedy
"John A. Gronouski "Wisconsin September 30, 1963 Kennedy, "L. Johnson
"Lawrence F. O'Brien "Massachusetts November 3, 1965 L. Johnson
"W. Marvin Watson "Texas April 26, 1968 L. Johnson
"Winton M. Blount "Alabama January 22, 1969 "Nixon

Postmasters General over the U.S. Postal Service, 1971–present[edit]

Name Date appointed[5]
"Winton M. Blount July 1, 1971
"E. T. Klassen January 1, 1972
"Benjamin F. Bailar February 16, 1975
"William F. Bolger March 15, 1978
"Paul N. Carlin January 1, 1985
"Albert Vincent Casey January 7, 1986
"Preston Robert Tisch August 16, 1986
"Anthony M. Frank March 1, 1988
"Marvin Travis Runyon July 6, 1992
"William J. Henderson May 16, 1998
"John E. Potter June 1, 2001
"Patrick R. Donahoe January 14, 2011
"Megan Brennan February 1, 2015

Living former Postmasters General[edit]

As of July 2016, there are seven living former Postmasters General, the oldest being "W. Marvin Watson (1968–1969, born 1924). The most recent Postmaster General to die was "Preston Robert Tisch (1986–1988), on November 15, 2005.

Name Term of office Date of birth
"W. Marvin Watson 1968–1969 (1924-06-06) June 6, 1924 (age 92)
"Benjamin F. Bailar 1975–1978 (1934-04-21) April 21, 1934 (age 83)
"Paul N. Carlin 1985–1986 (1931-08-25) August 25, 1931 (age 85)
"Anthony M. Frank 1988–1992 (1931-05-31) May 31, 1931 (age 85)
"William J. Henderson 1998–2001 (1947-06-16) June 16, 1947 (age 69)
"John E. Potter 2001–2010 1956 (age 60–61)
"Patrick R. Donahoe 2011–2015 c. 1955 (age 61–62)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (May 10, 2011). "Salaries of top Postal Service executives revealed". Washington Post. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Publication 100 – The United States Postal Service: An American History 1775–2006. "United States Postal Service, May 2007. Also available in PDF format.
  3. ^ Michael B. Sauter and Jon C. Ogg. "The 10 Highest-Paid Government Jobs". 24/7WallSt.com. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Since July 1, 1971, the Postmaster General has been appointed by and serves under the "Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service.

External links[edit]

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