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Postmaster General of the United States
Chief Executive Officer of the United States Postal Service
""Megan Brennan USPMG at 225th Anniversary of U.S. Coast Guard stamp event.jpg
Incumbent
"Megan Brennan

since February 1, 2015
"United States Postal Service
Appointer "Board of Governors
"Term length Indefinite
Inaugural holder "Benjamin Franklin
Formation 1775
Deputy Ronald A. Stroman
Salary $276,840[1]
Website about.usps.com/leadership

The Postmaster General of the United States is the chief executive officer of the "United States Postal Service; Megan Brennan is the current Postmaster General.

Appointed members of the "Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service select the Postmaster General and Deputy Postmaster General, who then join the Board.

Contents

History[edit]

The office, in one form or another, is older than both the "United States Constitution and the "United States Declaration of Independence. "Benjamin Franklin was appointed by the "Continental Congress as the first Postmaster General in 1775, serving just over 15 months.

Until 1971, the postmaster general was the head of the "Post Office Department (or simply "Post Office" until the 1820s).[2] During that era, the postmaster general was appointed by the "President of the United States, with the "advice and consent of the "United States Senate.[3] From 1829 to 1971, the postmaster general was a member of the "President's "Cabinet.

The Cabinet post of Postmaster General was often given["when?] to a new President's campaign manager or other key political supporter, and was considered something of a "sinecure. The Postmaster General was in charge of the governing party's "patronage, and was a powerful position which held much influence within the party.

In 1971, the Post Office Department was re-organized into the "United States Postal Service, an independent agency of the executive branch. Therefore, the Postmaster General is no longer a member of the Cabinet and is no longer in the line of "presidential succession. The postmaster general is now appointed by nine "governors," appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The governors, along with the postmaster general and the deputy postmaster general, constitute the full Postal Service Board of Governors.[3][4]

The Postmaster General is the second-highest paid U.S. government official, based on publicly available salary information, after the President of the United States.[5]

Postmasters General under the Continental Congress[edit]

Name Date appointed
"Benjamin Franklin July 26, 1775
"Richard Bache November 7, 1776
"Ebenezer Hazard January 28, 1782
""
""
Samuel Osgood (1747–1813)

Postmasters general over the U.S. Post Office Department, 1789–1971[edit]

As non-Cabinet department, 1789–1829[edit]

Name State of Residence Date appointed "President(s) served under
"Samuel Osgood (pictured right) Federalist "Massachusetts September 26, 1789 "Washington
"Timothy Pickering Federalist "Pennsylvania[6] August 12, 1791 Washington
"Joseph Habersham Independent "Georgia February 25, 1795 Washington, "Adams, "Jefferson
"Gideon Granger Democratic-Republican Party "Connecticut November 28, 1801 Jefferson, "Madison
"Return J. Meigs, Jr. Democratic-Republican Party "Ohio March 17, 1814 Madison, "Monroe
"John McLean Democratic-Republican Party "Ohio June 26, 1823 Monroe, "J. Q. Adams

As cabinet department, 1829–1971[edit]

Parties

  "No party   "Federalist   "Democratic-Republican   "Democratic   "Whig   "Republican

Political Party Name State of Residence Date appointed "President(s) served under
"William T. Barry "Kentucky March 9, 1829 "Jackson
"Amos Kendall "Kentucky May 1, 1835 Jackson, "Van Buren
"John M. Niles "Connecticut May 19, 1840 Van Buren
"Francis Granger "New York March 6, 1841 "W. H. Harrison, "Tyler
"Charles A. Wickliffe "Kentucky September 13, 1841 Tyler
"Cave Johnson "Tennessee March 6, 1845 "Polk
"Jacob Collamer "Vermont March 8, 1849 "Taylor
"Nathan K. Hall "New York July 23, 1850 "Fillmore
"Samuel Dickinson Hubbard "Connecticut August 31, 1852 Fillmore
"James Campbell "Pennsylvania March 7, 1853 "Pierce
"Aaron V. Brown "Tennessee March 6, 1857 "Buchanan
"Joseph Holt "Kentucky March 14, 1859 Buchanan
"Horatio King "Maine February 12, 1861 Buchanan
"Montgomery Blair "District of Columbia March 5, 1861 "Lincoln
"William Dennison "Ohio September 24, 1864 Lincoln, "A. Johnson
"Alexander W. Randall "Wisconsin July 25, 1866 A. Johnson
"John A. J. Creswell "Maryland March 5, 1869 "Grant
"James W. Marshall "Virginia July 3, 1874 Grant
"Marshall Jewell "Connecticut August 24, 1874 Grant
"James N. Tyner "Indiana July 12, 1876 Grant
"David M. Key "Tennessee March 12, 1877 "Hayes
"Horace Maynard "Tennessee June 2, 1880 "Hayes
"Thomas L. James "New York March 5, 1881 "Garfield, "Arthur
"Timothy O. Howe "Wisconsin December 20, 1881 Arthur
"Walter Q. Gresham "Indiana April 3, 1883 Arthur
XX "Frank Hatton "Iowa October 14, 1884 Arthur
XX "William F. Vilas "Wisconsin March 6, 1885 "Cleveland
XX "Donald M. Dickinson "Michigan January 6, 1888 Cleveland
XX "John Wanamaker "Pennsylvania March 5, 1889 "B. Harrison
XX "Wilson S. Bissell "New York March 6, 1893 Cleveland
XX "William L. Wilson "West Virginia March 1, 1895 Cleveland
XX "James A. Gary "Maryland March 5, 1897 "McKinley
XX "Charles Emory Smith "Pennsylvania April 21, 1898 McKinley, "T. Roosevelt
XX "Henry C. Payne "Wisconsin January 9, 1902 T. Roosevelt
XX "Robert J. Wynne "Pennsylvania October 10, 1904 T. Roosevelt
XX "George B. Cortelyou "New York March 6, 1905 T. Roosevelt
XX "George von L. Meyer "Massachusetts January 15, 1907 T. Roosevelt
XX "Frank H. Hitchcock "Massachusetts March 5, 1909 "Taft
XX "Albert S. Burleson "Texas March 5, 1913 "Wilson
XX "Will H. Hays "Indiana March 5, 1921 "Harding
XX "Hubert Work "Colorado March 4, 1922 Harding
XX "Harry S. New "Indiana February 27, 1923 Harding, "Coolidge
XX "Walter F. Brown "Ohio March 5, 1929 "Hoover
XX "James A. Farley "New York March 4, 1933 "F. Roosevelt
XX "Frank C. Walker "Pennsylvania September 10, 1940 F. Roosevelt, "Truman
XX "Robert E. Hannegan "Missouri May 8, 1945 Truman
XX "Jesse M. Donaldson "Missouri December 16, 1947 Truman
XX "Arthur E. Summerfield "Michigan January 21, 1953 "Eisenhower
XX "J. Edward Day "California January 21, 1961 "Kennedy
XX "John A. Gronouski "Wisconsin September 30, 1963 Kennedy, "L. Johnson
XX "Lawrence F. O'Brien "Massachusetts November 3, 1965 L. Johnson
XX "W. Marvin Watson "Texas April 26, 1968 L. Johnson
XX "Winton M. Blount "Alabama January 22, 1969 "Nixon

Postmasters General over the U.S. Postal Service, 1971–present[edit]

Name Date appointed[7] President(s) served under
"Winton M. Blount July 1, 1971 Nixon
"E. T. Klassen January 1, 1972 Nixon, "Ford
"Benjamin F. Bailar February 16, 1975 Ford, "Carter
"William F. Bolger March 15, 1978 Carter, "Reagan
"Paul N. Carlin January 1, 1985 Reagan
"Albert Vincent Casey January 7, 1986
"Preston Robert Tisch August 16, 1986
"Anthony M. Frank March 1, 1988 Reagan, "H.W. Bush
"Marvin Travis Runyon July 6, 1992 H.W. Bush, "Clinton
"William J. Henderson May 16, 1998 Clinton, "Bush
"John E. Potter June 1, 2001 Bush, "Obama
"Patrick R. Donahoe January 14, 2011 Obama
"Megan Brennan February 1, 2015 Obama, "Trump

Note that, while the above table indicates the President under which each postmaster general served, these postmasters general were appointed by the governors of the Postal Service and not by the President.

Living former Postmasters General[edit]

As of November 2017, there are four living former Postmasters General, the oldest being "Anthony M. Frank (1988–1992, born 1931). The most recent Postmaster General to die was "W. Marvin Watson (1968–1969), on November 26, 2017. The most recently serving Postmaster General to die was "Marvin Travis Runyon (1992–2000), on May 3, 2004.

Name Term of office Date of birth
"Anthony M. Frank 1988–1992 (1931-05-31) May 31, 1931 (age 86)
"William J. Henderson 1998–2001 (1947-06-16) June 16, 1947 (age 70)
"John E. Potter 2001–2010 1956 (age 61–62)
"Patrick R. Donahoe 2011–2015 c. 1955 (age 62–63)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ O'Keefe, Ed (May 10, 2011). "Salaries of top Postal Service executives revealed". Washington Post. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Publication 100 – The United States Postal Service: An American History 1775–2006. "United States Postal Service, May 2007. Also available in PDF format.
  3. ^ a b United States Postal Service. "Postmasters General". about.usps.com. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  4. ^ United States Postal Service. "About the Board of Governors". about.usps.com. Retrieved 2018-05-18. 
  5. ^ Michael B. Sauter and Jon C. Ogg. "The 10 Highest-Paid Government Jobs". 24/7WallSt.com. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "Wayback Machine". 2 February 2017. 
  7. ^ Since July 1, 1971, the Postmaster General has been appointed by and serves under the "Board of Governors of the United States Postal Service.

External links[edit]

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