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Secretary of Commerce of the United States
""Seal of the United States Department of Commerce.svg
Seal of the Department of Commerce
""Flag of the United States Secretary of Commerce.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Commerce
""Wilbur Ross Official Portrait.jpg
Incumbent
"Wilbur L. Ross

since February 28, 2017
"United States Department of Commerce
"Style Mr. Secretary
Member of "Cabinet
Reports to The "President
"Seat "Washington, D.C.
Appointer The "President
with "Senate "advice and consent
"Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument "15 U.S.C. § 1501
Precursor "Secretary of Commerce and Labor
Formation March 15, 1913; 105 years ago (1913-03-15)
First holder "William Cox Redfield
Succession "Tenth[1]
Deputy "Deputy Secretary of Commerce
Salary "Executive Schedule, level 1
Website www.commerce.gov
""
""
The Commerce Secretary's office as it looked in the mid-20th century.

The United States Secretary of Commerce (SecCom) is the head of the "United States Department of Commerce. The Secretary is appointed by the "President of the United States with the advice and consent of the "United States Senate and serves in the President's "Cabinet. The Secretary is concerned with promoting American businesses and industries; the Department states its mission to be "to foster, promote, and develop the foreign and domestic commerce".[2]

Until 1913 there was one "Secretary of Commerce and Labor, uniting this department with the "Department of Labor, which is now headed by a separate "Secretary of Labor.[3]

The current Commerce Secretary is Wilbur Ross, who was nominated by "President Donald Trump and approved by the Senate on February 28, 2017.

Contents

List of Secretaries of Commerce[edit]

Parties

  "No party (1)   "Democratic (20)   "Republican (18)

Status
  Denotes "acting Commerce Secretary
No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office "President(s)
1 ""WilliamCoxRedfield.jpg "William C. Redfield "New York March 5, 1913 October 31, 1919 "Woodrow Wilson
2 ""JoshuaWillisAlexander.jpg "Joshua W. Alexander "Missouri December 16, 1919 March 4, 1921
3 ""HerbertHoover.jpg "Herbert C. Hoover "California March 5, 1921 August 21, 1928 "Warren G. Harding
"Calvin Coolidge
4 ""WilliamFairfieldWhiting.jpg "William F. Whiting "Massachusetts August 22, 1928 March 4, 1929
5 ""RobertPattersonLamont.jpg "Robert P. Lamont "Illinois March 5, 1929 August 7, 1932 "Herbert C. Hoover
6 ""RobertDikemanChapin.jpg "Roy D. Chapin "Michigan August 8, 1932 March 3, 1933
7 ""Daniel Calhoun Roper pers0178.jpg "Daniel C. Roper "South Carolina March 4, 1933 December 23, 1938 "Franklin D. Roosevelt
8 ""Harry Lloyd Hopkins.jpg "Harry L. Hopkins "New York December 24, 1938 September 18, 1940
9 ""Jesse Holman Jones pers0174.jpg "Jesse H. Jones "Texas September 19, 1940 March 1, 1945
10 ""HenryAgardWallace.jpg "Henry A. Wallace "Iowa March 2, 1945 September 20, 1946
"Harry S. Truman
Alfred Schindler
Acting
September 20, 1946 October 7, 1946
11 ""William Averell Harriman.png "W. Averell Harriman "New York October 7, 1946 April 22, 1948
12 ""CharlesSawyer.jpg "Charles W. Sawyer "Ohio May 6, 1948 January 20, 1953
13 ""CharlesSinclairWeeks.jpg "Sinclair Weeks "Massachusetts January 21, 1953 November 10, 1958 "Dwight D. Eisenhower
""Lewis Lichtenstein Strauss pers0164.jpg "Lewis L. Strauss
Acting
"West Virginia November 13, 1958 June 30, 1959
14 ""Frederick Henry Mueller pers0162.jpg "Frederick H. Mueller "Michigan June 30, 1959 August 10, 1959
August 10, 1959 January 19, 1961
15 ""Luther Hodges.jpg "Luther H. Hodges "North Carolina January 21, 1961 January 15, 1965 "John F. Kennedy
"Lyndon B. Johnson
16 ""JohnThomasConnor.jpg "John T. Connor "New Jersey January 18, 1965 January 31, 1967
17 ""AlexanderBuelTrowbridge.jpg "Alexander B. Trowbridge "New York January 31, 1967 June 14, 1967
June 14, 1967 March 1, 1968
18 ""Cyrus Rowlett Smith pers0154.jpg "Cyrus R. Smith "New York March 6, 1968 January 19, 1969
19 ""Maurice Stans.jpg "Maurice H. Stans "New York January 21, 1969 February 15, 1972 "Richard Nixon
20 ""PeterGeorgePeterson.jpg "Peter G. Peterson "Illinois February 29, 1972 February 1, 1973
21 ""FrederickBailyDent.jpg "Frederick B. Dent "South Carolina February 2, 1973 March 26, 1975
"Gerald Ford
22 ""RogersClarkBallardMorton.jpg "Rogers C. B. Morton "Maryland May 1, 1975 February 2, 1976
23 ""ElliotLeeRichardson.jpg "Elliot L. Richardson "Massachusetts February 2, 1976 January 20, 1977
24 ""Kreps-juanita-morris.png "Juanita M. Kreps "North Carolina January 23, 1977 October 31, 1979 "Jimmy Carter
"Luther H. Hodges, Jr.
Acting
"North Carolina October 31, 1979 January 9, 1980
25 ""PhilipMorrisKlutznick.jpg "Philip M. Klutznick "Illinois January 9, 1980 January 20, 1981
26 ""Malcolm Baldridge pers0138.jpg "Malcolm Baldrige "Connecticut January 20, 1981 July 25, 1987 "Ronald Reagan
""Bud Brown 97th Congress 1981.jpg "Clarence J. Brown Jr.
Acting
"Ohio July 25, 1987 October 19, 1987
27 ""CalvinWilliamVerity.jpg "C. William Verity, Jr. "Ohio October 19, 1987 January 30, 1989
28 ""RobertAdamMosbacher.jpg "Robert A. Mosbacher "Texas January 31, 1989 January 15, 1992 "George H. W. Bush
Rockwell A. Schnabel
Acting
January 15, 1992 February 27, 1992
29 ""BarbaraHackmanFranklin.jpg "Barbara H. Franklin "Pennsylvania February 27, 1992 January 20, 1993
30 ""RonBrownUS.JPG "Ronald H. Brown "New York January 20, 1993 April 3, 1996 "Bill Clinton
""Mary Lowe Good - ACS2004 crop.jpg "Mary L. Good
Acting
"Texas April 3, 1996 April 12, 1996
31 ""MichaelKantor.jpg "Mickey Kantor "Tennessee April 12, 1996 January 21, 1997
32 ""DaleyWilliam.jpg "William M. Daley "Illinois January 30, 1997 July 19, 2000
""MallettRobert.jpg Robert L. Mallett
Acting
July 19, 2000 July 21, 2000
33 ""NormanYoshioMineta.jpg "Norman Y. Mineta "California July 21, 2000 January 20, 2001
34 ""Donald Evans.jpg "Donald L. Evans "Texas January 20, 2001 February 7, 2005 "George W. Bush
35 ""Carlos Gutierrez official portrait.jpg "Carlos M. Gutierrez "Florida February 7, 2005 January 20, 2009
""WolffOtto-c.jpg "Otto J. Wolff
Acting
January 20, 2009 March 26, 2009 "Barack Obama
36 ""Gary Locke official portrait.jpg "Gary F. Locke "Washington March 26, 2009 August 1, 2011
""U s blank official photo-191x235.jpg "Rebecca M. Blank
Acting
"Minnesota August 1, 2011 October 21, 2011
37 ""John Bryson official portrait.jpg "John E. Bryson "New York October 21, 2011 June 11, 2012
""U s blank official photo-191x235.jpg "Rebecca M. Blank
Acting
"Minnesota June 11, 2012 June 1, 2013
""Cameron Kerry official portrait.jpeg "Cameron Kerry
Acting
"Massachusetts June 1, 2013 June 26, 2013
38 ""Penny Pritzker official portrait.jpg "Penny Pritzker "Illinois June 26, 2013 January 20, 2017
Vacant January 20, 2017 February 28, 2017 "Donald Trump
39 ""Wilbur Ross headshot.jpg "Wilbur L. Ross "Florida February 28, 2017 present

Source: Department of Commerce: Secretaries

Living former Secretaries of Commerce[edit]

As of May 2018, there are ten living former Secretaries of Commerce (with all Secretaries that have served since 1996 still living), the oldest being "Frederick B. Dent (served 1973–1975, born 1922). The most recent Secretary of Commerce to die was "Peter Peterson (served 1972–1973, born 1926), on March 20, 2018. The most recently serving Secretary to die was "Ron Brown (1993–1996, born 1941), who died in office on April 3, 1996.

Name Term of office Date of birth (and age)
"Frederick B. Dent 1973–1975 (1922-08-17) August 17, 1922 (age 95)
"Barbara H. Franklin 1992–1993 (1940-03-04) March 4, 1940 (age 78)
"Mickey Kantor 1996–1997 (1939-08-07) August 7, 1939 (age 78)
"William M. Daley 1997–2000 (1948-08-09) August 9, 1948 (age 69)
"Norman Mineta 2000–2001 (1931-11-12) November 12, 1931 (age 86)
"Donald Evans 2001–2005 (1946-07-27) July 27, 1946 (age 71)
"Carlos Gutierrez 2005–2009 (1953-11-04) November 4, 1953 (age 64)
"Gary F. Locke 2009–2011 (1950-01-21) January 21, 1950 (age 68)
"John Bryson 2011–2012 (1943-07-24) July 24, 1943 (age 74)
"Penny Pritzker 2013–2017 (1959-05-02) May 2, 1959 (age 59)

Line of succession[edit]

The line of succession for the Secretary of Commerce is as follows:[4]

  1. "Deputy Secretary of Commerce
  2. General Counsel of the Department of Commerce
  3. "Under Secretary of Commerce for International Trade
  4. "Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs
  5. "Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology
  6. "Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and Administrator of the "National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  7. Under Secretary of Commerce for Export Administration
  8. Chief Financial Officer of the Department of Commerce and Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Administration
  9. Boulder Laboratories Site Manager, "National Institute of Standards and Technology

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/3/19
  2. ^ "US Department of Commerce, Directives Management Program". Retrieved September 22, 2007. 
  3. ^ "Milestones". U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of Commerce". federalregister.gov. Retrieved 2016-10-29. 

External links[edit]

"Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
"Sonny Perdue
as "Secretary of Agriculture
"Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of the Treasury
Succeeded by
"Alex Acosta
as "Secretary of Labor
"Current U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
"Secretary of Agriculture
"Sonny Perdue
10th in line Succeeded by
"Secretary of Labor
"Alex Acosta
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