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Secretary of Energy of the
United States
""Seal of the United States Department of Energy.svg
Seal of the Department of Energy
""Flag of the United States Secretary of Energy.svg
Flag of the Secretary of Energy
""Rick Perry official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
"Rick Perry

since March 2, 2017
"United States Department of Energy
"Style Mr. Secretary
Member of

"Cabinet

"National Security Council
Reports to The "President
"Seat "Washington, D.C.
Appointer The "President
with "Senate "advice and consent
"Term length No fixed term
Constituting instrument "42 U.S.C. § 7131
Formation August 6, 1977
First holder "James R. Schlesinger
Succession "Fifteenth[1]
Deputy "Deputy Secretary of Energy
Salary "Executive Schedule, level 1
Website www.energy.gov

The United States Secretary of Energy is the head of the "U.S. Department of Energy, a member of the "Cabinet of the United States, and fourteenth in the "presidential line of succession. The position was formed on October 1, 1977 with the creation of the Department of Energy when President "Jimmy Carter signed the Department of Energy Organization Act.[2] Originally the post focused on "energy production and "regulation. The emphasis soon shifted to developing technology for better and more efficient "energy sources as well as energy education. After the end of the "Cold War, the department's attention also turned toward "radioactive waste disposal and maintenance of "environmental quality.[3] The current Secretary of Energy is "Rick Perry [4]

Former "Secretary of Defense "James Schlesinger was the first Secretary of Energy, who was a Republican nominated to the post by Democratic President Jimmy Carter, the only time a president has appointed someone of another party to the post. Schlesinger is also the only secretary to be dismissed from the post.[5] "Hazel O'Leary, "Bill Clinton's first Secretary of Energy, was the first female and African-American holder.[6] The first Hispanic to serve as Energy Secretary was Clinton's second, "Federico Peña.[7] "Spencer Abraham became the first "Arab American to hold the position on November 15, 2004, serving under the administration of "George W. Bush. "Steven Chu became the first "Asian American to hold the position on January 20, 2009, serving under the administration of "Barack Obama. He is also the longest-serving Secretary of Energy and the first individual to join the Cabinet having received a "Nobel Prize.

Contents

List of Secretaries of Energy[edit]

Parties

  "Democratic (6)   "Republican (8)

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took office Left office Party "President(s)
1 ""James Schlesinger official DoD photo.jpg Schlesinger, James"James Schlesinger "Virginia August 6, 1977 August 23, 1979 "Republican Carter, Jimmy"Jimmy Carter
2 ""Secretary Duncan (cropped).jpg Duncan, Charles"Charles Duncan "Texas August 24, 1979 January 20, 1981 "Democratic
3 ""Secretary edwards.jpg Edwards, James"James Edwards "South Carolina January 23, 1981 November 5, 1982 "Republican Reagan, Ronald"Ronald Reagan
4 ""Donald hodel.JPG Hodel, Donald"Donald Hodel "Oregon November 5, 1982 February 7, 1985 "Republican
5 ""John S. Herrington.jpg Herrington, John"John Herrington "California February 7, 1985 January 20, 1989 "Republican
6 ""AdmiralWatkinsSmall.jpg Watkins, James"James Watkins "California March 1, 1989 January 20, 1993 "Republican Bush, George H. W."George H. W. Bush
7 ""Hazel O'Leary.jpg O'Leary, Hazel"Hazel O'Leary "Virginia January 22, 1993 January 20, 1997 "Democratic Clinton, Bill"Bill Clinton
8 ""Federico pena.jpg Peña, Federico"Federico Peña "Colorado March 12, 1997 June 30, 1998 "Democratic
9 ""Bill Richardson, official DOE photo.png Richardson, Bill"Bill Richardson "New Mexico August 18, 1998 January 20, 2001 "Democratic
10 ""Spencer Abraham.jpg Abraham, Spencer"Spencer Abraham "Michigan January 20, 2001 February 1, 2005 "Republican Bush, George W."George W. Bush
11 ""Samuel Bodman.jpg Bodman, Samuel"Samuel Bodman "Illinois February 1, 2005 January 20, 2009 "Republican
12 ""Steven Chu official portrait headshot.jpg Chu, Steven"Steven Chu "California January 20, 2009 April 22, 2013 "Democratic Obama, Barack"Barack Obama
""Daniel Poneman official portrait.jpg Poneman, Daniel"Daniel Poneman "Ohio April 22, 2013 May 21, 2013 "Democratic
13 ""Moniz official portrait sitting.jpg Moniz, Ernest"Ernest Moniz "Massachusetts May 21, 2013 January 20, 2017 "Democratic
""Grace Bochenek.jpg "Grace Bochenek January 20, 2017 March 2, 2017 Trump, Donald"Donald Trump
14 ""Rick Perry official portrait (cropped).jpg Perry, Rick"Rick Perry "Texas March 2, 2017 Incumbent "Republican

Living former Secretaries of Energy[edit]

As of April 2018, there are nine living former Secretaries of Energy (with all Secretaries that have served since 1993 still living), the oldest being "Donald Hodel (served 1982–1985, born 1935). The most recent Secretary of Energy to die was "James Edwards (served 1981-1982, born 1927) on December 26, 2014. The most recently serving Secretary of Transportation to die was "James Watkins (served 1989–1993, born 1927), who died on July 26, 2012.

Name Term Date of birth (and age)
"Donald Hodel 1982–1985 (1935-05-23) May 23, 1935 (age 82)
"John S. Herrington 1985–1989 (1939-05-31) May 31, 1939 (age 78)
"Hazel O'Leary 1993–1997 (1937-05-17) May 17, 1937 (age 80)
"Federico Peña 1997–1998 (1947-03-15) March 15, 1947 (age 71)
"Bill Richardson 1998–2001 (1947-11-15) November 15, 1947 (age 70)
"Spencer Abraham 1997–2001 (1952-06-12) June 12, 1952 (age 65)
"Samuel Bodman 2005–2009 (1938-11-26) November 26, 1938 (age 79)
"Steven Chu 2009-2013 (1948-02-28) February 28, 1948 (age 70)
"Ernest Moniz 2013-2017 (1944-12-22) December 22, 1944 (age 73)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute". Law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2017-06-14. 
  2. ^ "Origins". "U.S. Department of Energy. Archived from the original on 2007-07-12. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  3. ^ "The Clinton Administration". "The Washington Post. 2000-02-18. Retrieved 2007-07-29. 
  4. ^ Davenport, Coral (2016-12-12). "Rick Perry, Ex-Governor of Texas, Is Trump's Pick as Energy Secretary". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-06-14. 
  5. ^ "Biography of James Schlesinger Origins". U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  6. ^ "President Hazel R. O'Leary Honored by Urban League". "Fisk University. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  7. ^ "Federico F. Peña to be Sworn in as the Eighth Secretary of Energy". U.S. Department of Energy. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 

External links[edit]

"Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
"Elaine Chao
as "Secretary of Transportation
"Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of Energy
Succeeded by
"Betsy DeVos
as "Secretary of Education
"Current U.S. presidential line of succession
Preceded by
"Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
"Ben Carson
15th in line Succeeded by
"Secretary of Education
"Betsy Devos
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