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Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the United States of America
United States Department of Foreign Affairs
"Style Mr. Secretary
Member of "Cabinet
Reports to The "President
Appointer "Confederation Congress (Before 1789)
The "President
with "Senate "advice and consent (After 1789)
"Term length No fixed term
Precursor Secretary for Foreign Affairs
Formation October 20, 1781; 235 years ago (1781-10-20)
First holder "Robert R. Livingston
Final holder "John Jay
Abolished September 15, 1789; 228 years ago (1789-09-15)
Succession "Secretary of State

The United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs was a position that existed in the "United States government from January 10, 1781, to September 15, 1789.

Contents

History[edit]

The "Articles of Confederation permitted the "Confederation Congress to select "such committees and civil officers as may be necessary for managing the general affairs of the United States."

On January 10, 1780, the "Confederation Congress created the Department of Foreign Affairs.[1]

On August 10, 1781, Congress selected "Robert R. Livingston, a delegate from "New York, as the first Secretary for Foreign Affairs. Livingston was unable to take office until October 20, 1781. He served until June 4, 1783 when he was succeeded by "John Jay, who served until March 4, 1789, when the government under the "Articles of Confederation gave way to the government under the "Constitution.

Secretaries for Foreign Affairs[edit]

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office
1 ""Robert R Livingston by Gilbert Stuart crop.jpeg "Robert R. Livingston "New York October 20, 1781 June 4, 1783
2 ""John Jay (Gilbert Stuart portrait).jpg "John Jay "New York May 7, 1784 March 4, 1789

The office of Secretary of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Foreign Affairs were reinstated by a law signed by "George Washington on July 27, 1789. "John Jay retained the post on an interim basis, pending the return of "Thomas Jefferson from France. However, on September 15, 1789, before Jefferson could return to take the post, Washington signed into law another act which changed the name of the office from "Secretary of Foreign Affairs" to ""Secretary of State," changed the name of the department to the "Department of State, and added several domestic powers and responsibilities to both the office of secretary and the department.

No. Portrait Name State of Residence Took Office Left Office
""John Jay (Gilbert Stuart portrait).jpg "John Jay "New York

Acting United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs[edit]

July 27, 1789 September 15, 1789

Acting United States Secretary of State[edit]

September 15, 1789 March 22, 1790

On March 22, 1790, "Thomas Jefferson took office as the first "United States Secretary of State. For subsequent office holders, see "List of Secretaries of State of the United States.

References[edit]

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