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University of Bath
""University of Bath logo.svg
Motto Generatim discite cultus ("Latin. "Virgil, "Georgics II)
Motto in English
Learn the culture proper to each after its kind[1]
Type "Public
Established 1885 (Merchant Venturers Technical College)
1960 (Bristol College of Science and Technology)
1966 (Bath University of Technology)
1971 (university status)
"Endowment £6.0 million (as of 31 July 2017)[2]
Budget "£266.8 million (2016-17)[2]
"Chancellor "HRH The Earl of Wessex
"Vice-Chancellor "Dame Glynis Breakwell
Students 16,910 (2016/17)[3]
"Undergraduates 12,875 (2016/17)[3]
"Postgraduates 4,035 (2016/17)[3]
Location "Bath, Somerset, England
51°22′47″N 2°19′41″W / 51.3796°N 2.3280°W / 51.3796; -2.3280"Coordinates: 51°22′47″N 2°19′41″W / 51.3796°N 2.3280°W / 51.3796; -2.3280
Campus Suburban
Affiliations "ACU
"Universities UK
"Wallace Group
Website www.bath.ac.uk

The University of Bath is a "public university located in "Bath, Somerset, United Kingdom. It received its "royal charter in 1966, along with a "number of other institutions following the "Robbins Report. Like the "University of Bristol and "University of the West of England, Bath can trace its roots to the Merchant Venturers Navigation School, established in Bristol in 1595. The university's main campus is located on "Claverton Down, a site overlooking the city of Bath, and was purpose-built, constructed from 1964 in the "modernist style of the time.

In the 2014 "Research Excellence Framework, 32% of Bath's submitted research activity achieved the highest possible classification of 4*, defined as world-leading in terms of originality, significance and rigour. 87% was graded 4*/3*, defined as world-leading/internationally excellent.[4] The annual income of the institution for 2016–17 was £266.8 million of which £35.1 million was from research grants and contracts, with an expenditure of £268.6 million.[2]

As of 2017/8, in "national rankings the university is currently placed 5th according to the Guardian, 11th in the Complete University Guide and 12th by the Times/Sunday Times. Internationally it is placed in the top 400 by the 2016 ARWU and has featured in the top 300 in the 2016, 2017 and 2018 THE World University Rankings. In The Times and The Sunday Times Good University Guide 2014 the university was awarded the title of "Best Campus University in Britain".[5] and in 2012 the title of ‘University of the Year 2011/12’.[6]

The university is a member of the "Association of Commonwealth Universities, the "Association of MBAs, the "European Quality Improvement System, the "European University Association, "Universities UK and "GW4.



The University of Bath can trace its roots to a "technical school established in "Bristol in 1856. In 1885 the school became part of the "Society of Merchant Venturers and was renamed the Merchant Venturers' Technical College (whose alumni include the physicists "Paul Dirac and "Peter Higgs), an institution founded as a school in 1595.[7] Meanwhile, in the neighbouring city of Bath, a "pharmaceutical school, the Bath School of Pharmacy, was founded in 1907. This became part of the Technical College in 1929.

The college came under the control of the Bristol Education Authority in 1949; it was renamed then the Bristol College of Technology, and in 1960 the Bristol College of Science and Technology, when it became one of ten technical colleges under the umbrella of the "Ministry of Education. The college was mainly housed in the former "Muller's Orphanage at "Ashley Down in Bristol, which still houses part of the "City of Bristol College whilst the remainder has been converted into residential housing.

A report by the "Higher Education Funding Council for England into governance at the University was published on 20 November 2017.[8] The Vice Chancellor of the University is the highest paid in the country.[9]

University status[edit]

In 1963, the "Robbins Committee report paved the way for the college (along with a "number of other institutions) to assume university status as Bath University of Technology.

Although the grounds of "Kings Weston House, in Bristol, were briefly considered — which then, and until 1969, accommodated the College's School of Architecture and Building Engineering — the City of Bristol was unable to offer the expanding college an appropriately sized single site. Following discussions between the College Principal and the Director of Education in Bath, an agreement was reached to provide the college with a new home in "Claverton Down, Bath, on a "greenfield site, purchased through a compulsory purchase order from the Candy family of Norwood Farm, overlooking the city.

Construction of the purpose-built campus began in 1964, with the first building, now known as 4 South, completed in 1965, and the "Royal Charter was granted in 1966. In November 1966, the first degree ceremony took place at the "Assembly Rooms in Bath. Over the subsequent decade, new buildings were added as the campus took shape.

In the mid-19th century, there were plans to build a college of the "University of Oxford on the site, according to Bath city records.["citation needed]

The university logo features the so-called "Gorgon's head which is taken, via the university's "coat of arms, from a Roman sculpture found in the city.[10]

Until 30 October 2012, it was also a member of the "1994 Group.

Campus and facilities[edit]

The Parade, a central pedestrian thoroughfare connecting most academic blocks
School of architecture and building engineering
The library

Main campus[edit]

The university's main campus is located on "Claverton Down, approximately 1.5 miles from the centre of Bath. The site is compact; it is possible to walk from one end to the other in fifteen minutes. The design involved the separation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic, with road traffic on the ground floors and pedestrians on a raised central thoroughfare, known as the Parade. Buildings would line the parade and student residences built on tower blocks rise from the central thoroughfare. Such plans were mostly followed.

At the centre of the campus is the Library and Learning Centre, a facility open round the clock offering computing services, information and research assistance as well as books and journals. A number of outlets are housed around the parade, including restaurants, bars and fast-food cafés, plus two banks, a union shop and two small supermarkets, as well as academic blocks. Building names are based on their location and distance vis-à-vis the library (e.g. 1 East, 2 East). Odd-numbered buildings are on the same side of the parade as the Library, and even-numbered buildings are on the opposite side.

Buildings along the east-west axis are mostly directly accessible from the parade, which is generally considered to be "level two", but later additions, such as 7 West, 9 West, 3 West North and 8 East, follow the rule less strictly. 7 West is generally accessible only via 5 West or 9 West, and 3 West North, 9 West and 8 East have entrances at ground level at varying distances from the main parade. Buildings on the south of the campus, 1 South to 4 South, are accessible via roads and pedestrian walkways by the university lake and gardens.

Buildings, as in many of the so-called "plate glass universities, were constructed in a functional modernist style using concrete, although such designs were later derided for lacking the charm of the "Victorian "red-brick universities or the "ancient and medieval ones. In Bath, there is a particular contrast between the concrete campus and the "Georgian style architecture of the "World Heritage City of Bath.

The eastern part of the campus is dominated by the Sports Training Village, built in 1992 and enhanced in 2003 with an extension.

The northern perimeter of the university is bounded by student residences Brendon Court, Eastwood, Marlborough Court, Solsbury Court, Norwood House, Osborne House, Polden Court, The Quads, Westwood, and Woodland Court. The original plan for students to be housed in tower blocks above the parade continues with the small number of rooms (110) in Norwood House. However, the second tower block, Wessex House, now hosts offices rather than residences.

The university also owns buildings in the city of Bath, mostly student accommodation dotted around town, including Canal Wharf, Carpenter House, Clevelands Building, John Wood Building and John Wood Court, Pulteney Court and Thornbank Gardens.

There is also an Innovation Centre that provides work space, practical support and expertise to local technology enterprises and entrepreneurial companies that emerge from the university’s student and academic research base

Two new buildings were opened in 2017. The Virgil Building, adapted from a former police station, offers a hub and support for students and staff in the centre of Bath, including professional, counselling and careers services, Joblink, a skills centre and learning commons. The university also opened a centre at 83 Pall Mall in central London, with a stated aim of building partnerships and engaging with business, politics and Bath's alumni community in the UK's capital.

University of Bath (Claverton Down Campus)

Over several years, the grounds have received recognition for their outstanding beauty with awards from Bath in Bloom.[11]

Campus developments[edit]

The university continually upgrades its Claverton Down campus with new teaching blocks. A proposal to move the boundary of the "green belt away to the edge of the campus to facilitate further development was agreed in October 2007 by the "local council following a public inquiry, although the boundary of the Cotswolds Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty still crosses the site. In July 2005, building 3 West North (officially opened on 27 October) was completed. The deconstruction of the "asbestos-contaminated 4 West was completed in mid-2005 and the 4 West building opened in April 2010, providing additional teaching and office space.

Completed projects
Current building projects

University of Bath in Swindon[edit]

The university opened a second site, Oakfield Campus, in 2000 on Marlowe Road Swindon, on a site leased from the Council. Formerly Oakfield School, the site was jointly funded by the university and Swindon Council. Officially The University of Bath in Swindon, the campus offered undergraduate courses in childhood studies and social work.[20] The campus was closed in the summer of 2008.[21]

Under the Gateway Project, the university had planned to build a major new campus next to the Great Western Hospital and the Coate Water nature reserve. The project had met opposition from environmentalists and locals[22] but had met with Government approval.[23] The university withdrew from the project in March 2007 citing "prevailing planning and funding conditions".[24]


The university is divided into four faculties and each faculty into various departments.

Academic profile[edit]

The university's major academic strengths have been engineering (particularly electronic and electrical and mechanical), the physical sciences, mathematics and technology. Today, the university is also strong in management, humanities, architecture and the social sciences. Courses place a strong emphasis on "vocational education; the university recommends students to take a one-year industry placement in the penultimate year of the course, although there is no formal recognition of these placements on students' final degree certificates.

According to the latest government assessments, Bath has 15 subjects rated "excellent" (the highest on the scale). These are: Pharmacy and "Pharmacology; Business and Management ("AMBA accredited); Architecture and Civil Engineering; Economics; Computer Science; Electronic and Electrical engineering; Mechanical Engineering ("IMechE accredited); Mathematics, Statistics and "Operational research; Education; "Molecular "Biosciences; Biosciences; Physics and Astronomy; Politics; Sport; Social Policy and Administration.[25]


Bath was ranked joint 12th in the UK amongst multi-faculty institutions for the quality (GPA) of its research[26] and 33rd for its Research Power in the 2014 "Research Excellence Framework.[27] Over half of the submissions were ranked in the top 10 nationally in their Units of Assessment. 6 out of 13 submissions were ranked in the top 20.[4]

Bath has been awarded the "Queen's Anniversary Prize twice. In 2011, the university received the award for the Department of Social & Policy Sciences' 'Influential research into child poverty and support for vulnerable people'.[28] The university also received the prize in 2000 to recognise the 'invaluable services to industrial and scientific communities' of the Centre for Power Transmission & Motion Control.[29]

Rankings and reputation[edit]

Global rankings
(2017, world)
(2018, world)
(2018, world)
"CWTS Leiden[33]
(2017, world)
National rankings
(2019, national)
"The Guardian[35]
(2018, national)
"Times/Sunday Times[36]
(2018, national)
British Government assessment
"Teaching Excellence Framework[37] Gold

The University of Bath received a Gold award as part of the UK Government’s "Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF). The framework evaluates universities on criteria including teaching quality, learning environment and student outcomes, taking into account factors such as student satisfaction, retention rates and employment.[38]

Bath is ranked 11th in the "Complete University Guide 2018 League table and has 18 subjects placed within the top 10 in the UK. Architecture and Marketing are ranked number one. The university is ranked 5th in the Guardian University Guide 2018.[39] Bath is ranked 12th of 128 universities across the UK in the Good University Guide.[40]

In "The Sunday Times 10-year (1998–2007) average ranking of British universities based on consistent league table performance, Bath was ranked 12th overall in the UK.[41] Bath was one of only eight universities (along with the "G5, "St Andrews and "Warwick) to have never left the top 15 in one of the three main domestic rankings between 2008-2017.[42]

Bath was ranked 13th out of 122 UK institutions in the 2017 Times Higher Education (THE) Student Experience Survey.[43] Bath students were joint most likely to recommend the University to their friends.


In the QS World University Rankings 2018 [44] Bath is ranked 160 out of 959 institutions.

The university is ranked 167th out of 750 major institutions in the 2017 "Leiden Ranking.


UCAS Admission Statistics
2017 2016 2015 2014 2013
Applications[45] 27,555 29,150 29,390 25,830 22,655
Offer Rate (%)[46] 80.1 80.4 78.4 80.7 81.4
Enrols[47] 3,665 3,710 3,635 3,395 3,080
"Yield (%) 16.6 15.8 15.8 16.3 16.7
Applicant/Enrolled Ratio 7.52 7.86 8.09 7.61 7.36
"Average Entry Tariff[48] n/a n/a 479 478 476

The university has grown rapidly, particularly in the last few years. In the 2016/17 academic year 17,308 students studied at the university, of whom 13,051 were undergraduates and 4,257 were postgraduates.[49] Around 30% of students are international students (those with non-British domicile) with the largest number coming from China (including Hong Kong), France, India and Malaysia.[49]

27.4% of Bath's undergraduates are "privately educated, the eleventh highest proportion amongst mainstream British universities.[50] In the 2016-17 academic year, the university had a domicile breakdown of 71:10:19 of UK:EU:non-EU students respectively with a female to male ratio of 47:53.[51]


Applications outside the EU to the university dropped 18.5% at a time these applications to competing universities grew by 11.5% for the 2018/19 academic year[52].

In November 2017, frustration with the governance of the university grew, especially concerning the Vice Chancellor, "Glynis Breakwell's remuneration.[53] The "HEFCE carried out an enquiry and recommended 13 changes to the governance of the university.[53] In November 2017, Breakwell's salary rose by 3.9% (£17,589) to over £468,000.[54] The University and College Union had an "emergency meeting" of all staff to discuss the issue[55] and the students' union organised a vote of no confidence involving all undergraduate and postgraduate students.[56]

To date, four MPs have resigned from the advisory board at the University of Bath in protest against the vice-chancellor's pay package.[57]

On 5 March 2018, at 13:30, a group of 10 Bath students supporting the "UCU strike action occupied the vice chancellor's suite in protest of the university's support for "UUK's proposed pension reforms.[58][59] The occupation was endorsed by Bath MP "Wera Hobhouse.[60] The university was criticised for its initial response to the protesters, blocking the entrance to the only freely accessible toilets in the occupied area for the first 21 hours of the occupation.[61] The University's response was criticised by local councillor Joe Rayment, alumnus "Marcus Sedgwick, NUS Black Students' officer, and prompted the resignation of an external examiner.[62][63][64][65]

Student life[edit]

Sports and TeamBath[edit]

TeamBath Logo

"TeamBath is the University of Bath's sporting organisation. The university is host to "Team Bath F.C. as well as some of the UK's top "Olympic athletes.[66] It has one of the best sports facilities in a United Kingdom university,[67] spread over three main sites: two on the Claverton Down campus, known as the Founder's Hall and Sports Training Village (which also hosts the "English Institute of Sport for "South West England); and at the Sulis Club, a few miles away in Combe Down.

In 2009, "Malaysia signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the University of Bath to enable Malaysian athletes preparing for the "2012 London Olympics to train there. The University of Bath was used to prepare athletes for the London Olympics and other sports events like the "2014 Commonwealth Games, the badminton "Super Series and cycling circuits in Europe. It continues to be used as an important venue for elite athletes.

Indoor tennis courts at the university

Facilities at the university include a fitness suite, four squash courts, indoor (110m) and outdoor (400m) athletics tracks, multi-purpose sport halls (including basketball, netball and badminton courts), an eight-court indoor tennis hall, a judo/karate/ju jitsu dojo and centres for sports science and sports medicine.[68] Outdoor "synthetic and natural pitches and grounds cater for football, rugby union, field hockey, lacrosse, and "American football. A rowing shed on the River Avon for the rowing club was built in 2008. As of late April 2015, a London 2012 Games Legacy 50m swimming pool was installed.

Limited free use of these facilities, with restrictions on times, bookings and frequency of use, can be obtained by students with a membership of the university's sport association.[69] Alternatively, reduced prices are available to students and staff.

There are also semi-competitive, recreational sporting events.

Students' union[edit]

The University of Bath Students' Union (formerly BUSU, now Bath SU) has been recognised by the "NUS as one of the top three in the UK.[70] It runs over 100 clubs and societies including sports clubs, cultural, arts, interest and faith societies. Some notable examples are:

Notable alumni[edit]

Arts and media
"Anne McClain, NASA astronaut
Politicians, lawyers, and civil servants
Business people
"Heather Stanning, gold medallist in rowing
Sports personalities

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "VIRGIL, GEORGICS BOOKS 1-2 - Theoi Classical Texts Library". www.theoi.com. 
  2. ^ a b c "Financial Statement 2016-17" ("PDF). University of Bath. Retrieved 21 December 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c "2016/17 Students by HE provider, level, mode and domicile" (CSV). "Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 25 March 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "REF results". HEFCE. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  5. ^ "University of Bath rankings". 
  6. ^ "Alastair McCall, 'University of Bath University of the Year', ''The Sunday Times'', 11th September 2011, University Guide 2012 section". Thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
  7. ^ "Education". Merchant Venturers. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "The report of a HEFCE enquiry into governance surrounding senior pay at the University of Bath was published on 20 November 2017". HEFCE. 
  9. ^ "University of Bath vice-chancellor pay dispute timeline: From home perks bombshell to pay committee exit". 
  10. ^ "Eva London / Bath graduation rings". 
  11. ^ "Bath in Bloom Competition". BANES Council. Archived from the original on 3 May 2008. Retrieved 14 October 2008. 
  12. ^ http://www.bath.ac.uk/campus-investments/project-overview/student-accommodation/index.html
  13. ^ "Centre for the Arts". University of Bath. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  14. ^ web-support@bath.ac.uk. "1 West - University of Bath". www.bath.ac.uk. 
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  16. ^ "10 West". University of Bath. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  17. ^ http://www.bath.ac.uk/campus-investments/project-overview/manvers-street/index.html
  18. ^ "Polden Corner" (PDF). 
  19. ^ "Building the Milner Centre for Evolution". www.bath.ac.uk. 
  20. ^ "University of Bath in Swindon". uk-universities.net. 
  21. ^ Wallin, James (7 May 2009). "University's Oakfield campus may be demolished". This is Wiltshire. 
  22. ^ "Hayward, Alan. "Swindon Civic Trust Town Centre University Proposal" (PDF). Swindon Civic Trust. Retrieved 12 December 2010. 
  23. ^ Osborne, Anthony (20 October 2004). "Coate gets the vote". Swindon Advertiser. Retrieved 22 March 2007. 
  24. ^ "University of Bath withdraws from Gateway project" (Press release). University of Bath. 1 March 2007. Retrieved 22 March 2007. 
  25. ^ David Brown Cracow Last updated at 2:23PM, 8 June 2012 (23 May 2012). "''The Times''". Timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
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  29. ^ "Previous Prize-winners". The Royal Anniversary Trust. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
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  37. ^ "Teaching Excellence Framework outcomes". Higher Education Funding Council for England. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  38. ^ "TEF outcomes - Higher Education Funding Council for England". www.hefce.ac.uk. Retrieved 2017-06-22. 
  39. ^ "University league tables 2018". the Guardian. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  40. ^ "Login". www.thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  41. ^ "University ranking based on performance over 10 years" (PDF). The Times. London. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 April 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008. 
  42. ^ "Domestic Ranking of British Universisities over a 10-Year Period". The University Buzz. 
  43. ^ "THE Student Experience Survey 2017". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  44. ^ "QS World University Ranking 2018". QS World University Rankings. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  45. ^ "End of Cycle 2017 Data Resources DR4_001_03 Applications by provider". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018. 
  46. ^ "Sex, area background and ethnic group: B16 University of Bath". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018. 
  47. ^ "End of Cycle 2017 Data Resources DR4_001_02 Main scheme acceptances by provider". UCAS. UCAS. 2017. Retrieved 25 January 2018. 
  48. ^ Cite error: The named reference Complete League Table 2018 was invoked but never defined (see the "help page).
  49. ^ a b "University of Bath Facts & Figures". University of Bath. Retrieved 25 February 2016. 
  50. ^ "Widening participation: UK Performance Indicators 2016/17". hesa.ac.uk. Higher Education Statistics Authority. Retrieved 1 February 2018. 
  51. ^ "Where do HE students study?". hesa.ac.uk. Higher Education Statistics Authority. Retrieved 9 February 2018. 
  52. ^ Petherick, Sam (2017-11-01). "'Very significant' drop in student applications to Bath university". bathchronicle. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  53. ^ a b Brown, Alexander (2017-11-20). "University of Bath given 13 recommendations after investigation". bathchronicle. Retrieved 2017-11-27. 
  54. ^ Petherick, Sam (2017-11-19). "Another pay rise for highest-earning university boss". bathchronicle. Retrieved 2017-11-27. 
  55. ^ editor, Richard Adams Education (2017-11-21). "Bath University staff plan urgent meeting over vice-chancellor's pay". The Guardian. "ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-11-27. 
  56. ^ "Referendum". www.thesubath.com. Retrieved 2017-11-27. 
  57. ^ Khomami, Nadia (2017-08-22). "Fourth MP quits Bath University role over vice-chancellor's pay". The Guardian. "ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-11-20. 
  58. ^ https://www.thesubath.com/campaigns/ucustrike/
  59. ^ https://www.bathchronicle.co.uk/news/bath-news/live-student-occupation-university-bath-1301627
  60. ^ https://twitter.com/Wera_Hobhouse/status/971808117087440897
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  63. ^ https://twitter.com/marcussedgwick/status/975067979602890753
  64. ^ https://twitter.com/ilyas_nagdee/status/970768662151008258
  65. ^ https://twitter.com/megjobson/status/974976659857211393
  66. ^ "Bath's role talked up as one-year countdown to Olympics begins". Bath Chronicle. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 1 September 2011. 
  67. ^ David Brown Cracow Last updated at 2:23PM, 8 June 2012. "Timesonline.co.uk". Timesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
  68. ^ "Teambath". University of Bath. Retrieved 8 October 2012. 
  69. ^ "Bathstudent.com". Bathstudent.com. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
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