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Upper Silesian metropolitan area
obszar metropolitalny konurbacji górnośląskiej
Slezská Metropolitní oblast
""Map of Upper Silesian metropolitan area.png
Country "Poland
Region "Silesian Voivodeship
Largest Cities "Katowice
"Sosnowiec
"Gliwice
"Zabrze
"Bytom
Area
 • Metro 1,586,16 km2 (61,242 sq mi)
Population
 • "Metro 2,204,325
 • Metro density 14/km2 (36/sq mi)
"Time zone "CET ("UTC+1)
""
""
"Katowice in "Silesian Voivodeship (Poland), the largest city in Upper Silesian metropolitan area.

The Upper Silesian metropolitan area is a "metropolitan area in southern "Poland and northeast "Czech Republic, centered on the cities of "Katowice and "Ostrava in "Silesia. Located in the three administrative units ("NUTS-2 class): mainly "Silesian Voivodeship, small western part of "Lesser Poland Voivodeship and small east part of "Moravian-Silesian Region.

The area lies within the "Upper Silesian Coal Basin. Silesian metropolitan area (5.3 million people) with nearby "Kraków metropolitan area (1.3 million[1][2][3][4][5] people) and "Częstochowa metropolitan area (0.4 million[1][2][3] people) create a great metropolitan area covering 7 million people.

Contents

Statistics[edit]

Upper "Silesian metropolitan area has a population of 5,294,000, with 4,311,000 (81.43%) in Poland (the Upper Silesian polycentric metropolitan area) and 983,000 (18.57%) in the Czech Republic (Ostrava Functional Urban Area).[1] According to "Polish Scientific Publishers (PWN) area is 5,400 km², with 4,500 km² (83.33%) in Poland and 900 km² (16.67%) in the Czech Republic.[6]

The area consists of several Functional Urban Areas (FUA), each of which is defined as a core Morphological Urban Area (MUA) based on population density plus the surrounding labour pool, i.e. a "metropolitan area. This area contains the following FUAs:[1]

Data may vary depending on the source, example for same the Katowice city exist sources for 3.5 million people;[7][8] for the Rybnik – 507,000,[3] while for the Ostrava – 1,153,876.[2]

Economy[edit]

Historically, most of the area was characterized by heavy industry since the age of industrialisation in the late 19th and early 20th century. In addition to coal, Upper Silesia also contains a number of other minable resources (methane, cadmium, lead, silver and zinc). Resources of coal to a depth to 1000 meters – about 70 billion tons, the conditions for the extraction – good.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d (in English) "European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) "ESPON project 1.4.3. Study on Urban Functions" – Final report, March 2007, "ISBN 2-9600467-2-2
  2. ^ a b c (in English) "Eurostat, Urban Audit database, accessed on 2009-03-12. Data for 2004.
  3. ^ a b c (in Polish) "Społeczne i polityczne zróżnicowanie aglomeracji w Polsce" – Paweł Swianiewicz, Urszula Klimska; "University of Warsaw 2005
  4. ^ (in Polish) Funkcje Metropolitalne Pięciu Stolic Województw WschodnichTadeusz Markowski
  5. ^ (in Polish) "Koncepcja przestrzennego zagospodarowania kraju"Ministry of Regional Development, 2003
  6. ^ a b (in Polish) "Górnośląskie Zagłębie Węglowe" – "PWN Encyclopedia
  7. ^ (in English) www.worldatlas.com
  8. ^ (in Polish) "Górnośląski Okręg Przemysłowy" – "PWN Encyclopedia

"Coordinates: 50°15′00″N 19°00′00″E / 50.2500°N 19.0000°E / 50.2500; 19.0000

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