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Urania, a restored Roman copy after a Greek original of the 4th century BC, "Hadrian's Villa.

Urania ("/jʊəˈrniə/; "Ancient Greek: Οὐρανία, Ourania; meaning "heavenly" or "of heaven") was, in "Greek mythology, the "muse of "astronomy.



Urania was the daughter of "Zeus by "Mnemosyne and also a great granddaughter of "Uranus.[1][2] Some accounts list her as the mother of the musician "Linus[3] by "Apollo[4] or "Amphimarus[5], son of "Poseidon, and "Hymenaeus also is said to have been a son of Urania.[6]

Function and representation[edit]

Urania is often associated with Universal Love and the "Holy Spirit. Sometimes identified as the eldest of the divine sisters, Urania inherited Zeus' majesty and power and the beauty and grace of her mother "Mnemosyne.

Urania dresses in a cloak embroidered with stars and keeps her eyes and attention focused on the Heavens. She is usually represented with a celestial globe to which she points with a little staff.[7] She is able to foretell the future by the arrangement of the stars.[8]

Urania as Muse[edit]

Those who are most concerned with philosophy and the heavens are dearest to her. Those who have been instructed by her she raises aloft to heaven, for it is a fact that imagination and the power of thought lift men's souls to heavenly heights.[9]

Urania, o'er her star-bespangled lyre,
With touch of majesty diffused her soul;
A thousand tones, that in the breast inspire,
Exalted feelings, o er the wires'gan roll—
How at the call of Jove the mist unfurled,
And o'er the swelling vault—the glowing sky,
The new-born stars hung out their lamps on high,
And rolled their mighty orbs to music's sweetest sound.

—From An Ode To Music by "James G. Percival

During the "Renaissance, Urania began to be considered the Muse for "Christian poets. In the invocation to Book 7 of "John Milton's "epic poem "Paradise Lost, the poet invokes Urania to aid his narration of the creation of the cosmos, though he cautions that it is "[t]he meaning, not the name I call" (7.5)

In popular culture[edit]

A monumental conical pendulum clock by "Eugène Farcot depicting the Greek goddess, 1862.

Urania in Astronomy and Navigation[edit]

Other uses of "Urania"[edit]


  1. ^ "Hesiod, "Theogony 78
  2. ^ "Ovid, "Fasti v. 55.
  3. ^ Suidas s.v. Linos
  4. ^ "Hyginus, "Fabulae 161
  5. ^ "Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 29. 5
  6. ^ "Catullus lxi. 2.
  7. ^ Hirt, Mythol. Bilderb. p. 210.
  8. ^ "Statius, "Thebaid 8. 548 ff
  9. ^ "Diodorus, "Bibliotheca historica 4. 7. 1
  10. ^ "APHRODITE TITLES & EPITHETS - Ancient Greek Religion". www.theoi.com. Retrieved 2017-05-03. 


"" This article incorporates text from a publication now in the "public domain"Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Urania 1.". "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 

External links[edit]

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