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Valerie Jarrett
""Valerie Jarrett official portrait small.jpg
"Director of the Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs
In office
January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017
President "Barack Obama
Preceded by "Julie Cram (Public Liaison)
Succeeded by "George Sifakis (Public Liaison)
"Omarosa (Communications)
"Senior Advisor to the President
In office
January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017
President "Barack Obama
Preceded by "Barry Jackson
Succeeded by "Jared Kushner
"Stephen Miller
Personal details
Born Valerie June Bowman
(1956-11-14) November 14, 1956 (age 61)
"Shiraz, "Iran
Political party "Democratic
Spouse(s) William Jarrett (m. 1983; div. 1988)
Children Laura Jarrett (b. 1985)
Education "Stanford University ("BA)
"University of Michigan ("JD)

Valerie June Jarrett (née Bowman; born November 14, 1956)[1] is an American attorney, businesswoman, and civic leader. She served as the "senior advisor to the "President of the United States and assistant to the president for "public engagement and intergovernmental affairs in the "Obama administration from January 20, 2009 to January 20, 2017. Prior to that, she served as a co-chair of the "Obama–Biden Transition Project.[2][3]


Early life and education[edit]

Jarrett was born in "Shiraz, Iran, to American parents "James E. Bowman and "Barbara Taylor Bowman. One of her maternal great-grandfathers, "Robert Robinson Taylor, was an architect who was the first accredited African American architect, and the first African American student enrolled at the "Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[4]

Her father, a pathologist and geneticist, ran a hospital for children in Shiraz in 1956 as part of a program where American physicians and agricultural experts sought to help in the health and farming efforts of developing countries. When she was five years old, the family moved to London for a year, later moving to Chicago in 1963.[5] Her parents were both African American; on the television series "Finding Your Roots, genealogical research and DNA testing indicated that Jarrett also has French, Scottish, and Native American ancestry.[6] As a child, Jarrett spoke "Persian and "French.[7] In 1966, her mother was one of four child advocates who created the "Erikson Institute. The institute was established to provide collective knowledge in child development for teachers and other professionals working with young children.[8]

She was graduated from "Northfield Mount Hermon in 1974. She earned a B.A. in psychology from "Stanford University in 1978 and a "Juris Doctor "(J.D.) from the "University of Michigan Law School in 1981.[9] On May 22, 2016, Jarrett received an honorary degree from "Colby College in Waterville, Maine.[10]


Chicago municipal politics[edit]

Jarrett got her start in Chicago politics in 1987 working for "Mayor "Harold Washington[11] as deputy corporation counsel for finance and development.[12]

Jarrett continued to work in the mayor's office in the 1990s. She was deputy chief of staff for Mayor "Richard Daley, during which time (1991) she hired "Michelle Robinson, then engaged to "Barack Obama, away from a private law firm. Jarrett served as commissioner of the department of planning and development from 1992 through 1995, and she was chairwoman of the Chicago Transit Board from 1995 to 2005.[12]

Business administration[edit]

Until joining the Obama administration, Jarrett was the CEO of the Habitat Company, a real estate development and management company,[13] which she joined in 1995. She was replaced by Mark Segal, an attorney who joined the company in 2002, as CEO. Daniel E. Levin is the chairman of Habitat, which was formed in 1971.[14] Jarrett was a member of the board of "Chicago Stock Exchange (2000–2007, as chairman, 2004–2007).

She was a member of the "Board of Trustees of the "University of Chicago Medical Center from 1996 to 2009, becoming vice chairwoman in 2002 and chairwoman in 2006.[15] She also served as vice chairwoman of the board of trustees of the "University of Chicago and a trustee of the "Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago.[16] Jarrett serves on the board of directors of "USG Corporation, a Chicago-based building materials corporation.

Jarrett's previous year's income, in a 2009 report, was a $300,000 salary and $550,000 in "deferred compensation from the Habitat Executive Services, Inc. The Wall Street Journal also reported that she disclosed receiving payments of more than $346,000 for service on boards of directors that reflect her political ties, work in Chicago real estate, and Chicago community development. She was paid $76,000 for service as a director of "Navigant Consulting, Inc., a Chicago-based global consulting group with governmental clients. She received $146,600 from USG and $58,000 to serve on the board of "Rreef American REIT II, a real estate investment trust based in San Francisco. The Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc., paid her $34,444.[17]

Advisor to Barack Obama[edit]

Obama speaks to Jarrett and other staff, August 2009
Barack Obama and Valerie Jarrett converse in the Blue Room, White House, 2010

Jarrett was one of President Obama's longest serving advisors and confidantes and was "widely tipped for a high-profile position in an Obama administration."[18][19]

On November 14, 2008, President-elect Barack Obama selected Jarrett to serve as "White House senior advisor and "assistant to the president for intergovernmental relations and public liaison.[20]

Jarrett was one of three senior advisors to President Obama.[21] She held the retitled position of assistant to the president for intergovernmental affairs and public engagement,[21] managed the White House Office of Public Engagement, Office of Intergovernmental Affairs, and Office of Urban Affairs; she also chaired the "White House Council on Women and Girls and the White House Office of Olympic, Paralympic, and Youth Sport.[22] She was part of the U.S. State Visit to the UK in May 2011.[23]

She said that the 2011 report "Women in America, which the administration produced for the Council on Women and Girls, would be used to guide policy-making.[24]

Jarrett had a staff of approximately three dozen and received full-time "secret service protection.[25] Jarrett's role as both a friend of the Obamas and as senior advisor in the White House was controversial: in his memoirs "Robert M. Gates, former "secretary of defense, discussed his objection to her involvement in foreign security affairs;[26] David Axelrod reported in his memoirs about Rahm Emanuel's attempts to have her selected as Obama's replacement in the senate, due to concerns about the difficulty in working with a family friend in a major policy role.[27]

Additional leadership positions[edit]

In addition to being senior advisor to the president, Jarrett held other leadership positions and completed further duties. Among those included chairing the "White House Council on Women and Girls and co-chairing the "White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault.[28][29] In March 2014, she participated as a speaker on Voices in Leadership, an original "Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health webcast series, in a discussion entitled, "Leadership in the White House," moderated by "Dr. Atul Gawande.[30]

Relationship with former President Barack Obama[edit]

Obama speaks with Jarrett in a West Wing corridor

In 1991, as deputy chief of staff to Mayor Richard Daley, Jarrett interviewed Michelle Robinson for an opening in the mayor's office, after which she immediately offered Robinson the job.[31] Robinson asked for time to think and also asked Jarrett to meet her fiancé, Barack Obama. The three ended up meeting for dinner. After the dinner, Robinson accepted the job with the mayor's office. It was at this time that Jarrett reportedly took the couple under her wing and "introduced them to a wealthier and better-connected Chicago than their own."[32] When Jarrett later left her position at the mayor's office to head the Chicago department of planning and development, Michelle Obama went with her.

In popular culture[edit]

Along with "Donna Brazile, vice chairwoman of the "Democratic National Committee, she is one of the real-life political figures to make a "cameo appearance as herself in the "CBS drama "The Good Wife.[33]

Personal life[edit]

In 1983 she married William Robert Jarrett, son of "Chicago Sun-Times reporter "Vernon Jarrett. She attributes her switch from a private to a public career to the birth of their daughter, Laura, and her own desire to do something that would make their daughter proud.[34]

To one reporter's emailed question about her divorce, she replied, "Married in 1983, separated in 1987, and divorced in 1988. Enough said."[34] In a "Vogue profile, she further explained, "We grew up together. We were friends since childhood. In a sense, he was the "boy next door. I married without really appreciating how hard divorce would be."[34] William Jarrett died in 1993 at age 40, and at the time of his death was director of obstetrics and gynecology at Jackson Park Hospital.[35]



  1. ^ "Joseph Bruchac facts, information, pictures - Encyclopedia.com articles about Joseph Bruchac". Retrieved 31 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Terry, Don (July 27, 2008). "Insider has Obama's ear: What's she telling him?". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 23, 2008. 
  3. ^ "King, John (November 9, 2008). "Obama wants Valerie Jarrett to replace him in Senate". CNNPolitics.com. 
  4. ^ Ellen Weiss, Robert Robinson Taylor, "Encyclopedia of Alabama
  5. ^ "2-Min Bio: Valerie Jarrett", Time, November 11, 2008 .
  6. ^ Stated on "Finding Your Roots, PBS, October 28, 2014
  7. ^ "Kantor, Jodi (November 23, 2008). "An Old Hometown Mentor, Still at Obama's Side". The "New York Times. 
  8. ^ History, The Erikson Institute .
  9. ^ Valerie Jarrett to leave University of Chicago posts for White House, University of Chicago, January 9, 2009, ...Stanford University in 1978 and a Juris Doctor from the University of Michigan Law School in 1981 .
  10. ^ "Honorary Degree Citations". Commencement. 2016-05-22. Retrieved 2016-06-10. 
  11. ^ "Campaign 2008: The Family Friend: Valerie Jarrett". "Newsweek. May 19, 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b "Valerie Jarrett to lead expanded Board of University of Chicago Medical Center" (Press release). University of Chicago News Office. June 13, 2006. 
  13. ^ The Habitat Company .
  14. ^ Gallun, Alby (Feb 5, 2009), "Habitat promotes veteran to CEO", Chicago Real Estate Daily (Crain's), retrieved May 4, 2009 .
  15. ^ "Valerie Jarrett to leave University of Chicago posts for White House". "uchicago.edu. 2009. Retrieved September 2, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Valerie Jarrett Profile". "Forbes.com. 2008. Retrieved August 23, 2008. 
  17. ^ McKinnon, John D; Farnum, FW (April 4, 2009), "Hedge Fund Paid Summers $5.2 Million in Past Year", The Wall Street Journal (online ed.), retrieved May 4, 2009 .
  18. ^ a b Belkin, Douglas (May 12, 2008). "For Obama, Advice Straight Up: Valerie Jarrett Is Essential Member of Inner Set". "Wall Street Journal. 
  19. ^ "Bai, Matt (August 10, 2008). "Is Obama the End of Black Politics?". "New York Times Magazine. 
  20. ^ Kantor, Jodi (November 14, 2008). "Obama Hires Jarrett for Senior Role". New York Times. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "Senior Advisor Valerie Jarrett". The Administration: White House Staff. WhiteHouse.gov. Retrieved January 29, 2009. Valerie B. Jarrett is Senior Advisor and Assistant to the President for Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Liaison 
  22. ^ "Kantor, Jodi (November 14, 2008). "Longstanding Obama Advisor Gets Senior Role at the White House". New York Times. 
  23. ^ "US State Visit, 24 to 26 May 2011 Guest List". Royal Family official website. 
  24. ^ Stolberg, Sheryl (March 1, 2011). "White House Issues Report on Women in America". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2011. 
  25. ^ Becker, Jo (2012-09-01). "The Other Power in the West Wing". NY Times. Retrieved May 17, 2013. 
  26. ^ Robert M. Gates. Duty: memoirs of a secretary at war. Deckle Edge, 2014
  27. ^ David Axelrod. Believer: my forty years in politics. Penguin Press. 2015
  28. ^ A renewed call to action to end rape and sexual assault, The White House Blog, Washington, DC: Valerie Jarrett, 22 January 2014, Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  29. ^ Memorandum: Establishing White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault, WhiteHouse.gov, Washington, DC: The White House, 22 January 2014, Retrieved 10 June 2014.
  30. ^ "Leadership in the White House". 
  31. ^ Van Meter, Jonathan (October 2008). "Barack's Rock". Vogue. 
  32. ^ Kantor, Jodi (24 November 2008). "Chicago mentor follows Obama to Washington" – via NYTimes.com. 
  33. ^ Jackson, David (September 29, 2014). "Valerie Jarrett appears on 'The Good Wife'". USAToday.com. Retrieved February 6, 2015. 
  34. ^ a b c van Meter, Jonathan (October 2008), "Barack's Rock", "Vogue, retrieved December 15, 2008 .
  35. ^ Heise, Kenan (November 23, 1993). "Dr. William Jarrett Of Jackson Park Hospital". "Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 7 January 2016. 
  36. ^ "Lyft Board of Directors welcomes a new female member | Industry Leaders Magazine". Industry Leaders Magazine. 2017-08-01. Retrieved 2017-08-02. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
"Julie Cram
as Director of the Office of Public Liaison
"Director of the Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs
Succeeded by
"George Sifakis
as Director of the Office of Public Liaison
Preceded by
"Barry Jackson
"Senior Advisor to the President
Served alongside: "Brian Deese, "Shailagh Murray
Succeeded by
"Jared Kushner
"Stephen Miller
) ) WikipediaAudio is not affiliated with Wikipedia or the WikiMedia Foundation.