Powered by
TTSReader
Share this page on
Article provided by Wikipedia


Venango County, Pennsylvania
""Venango County Courthouse in Franklin.jpg
Venango County Courthouse
""Seal of Venango County, Pennsylvania
Seal
""Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Venango County
Location in the U.S. state of "Pennsylvania
""Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the "U.S.
Founded September 1, 1805
Named for "Native American word for otter
"Seat "Franklin
Largest city "Oil City
Area
 • Total 683 sq mi (1,769 km2)
 • Land 674 sq mi (1,746 km2)
 • Water 8.6 sq mi (22 km2), 1.3%
Population (est.)
 • ("2015) 53,119
 • Density 79/sq mi (31/km2)
Congressional district "5th
"Time zone "Eastern: "UTC−5/"−4
Website www.co.venango.pa.us

Venango County is a "county located in the "Commonwealth of "Pennsylvania. As of the "2010 census, the population was 54,984.[1] Its "county seat is "Franklin.[2] The county was created in 1800 and later organized in 1805.[3]

Venango County comprises the "Oil City, PA "Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is defined as part of the "Pittsburgh "media market.

Contents

History[edit]

Venango County was created on March 12, 1800 from parts of "Allegheny and "Lycoming Counties. The name "Venango" comes from the "Native American name of the region, Onenge, meaning Otter. This was corrupted in English as the Venango River.[4] The settlement at its mouth was likewise called Venango, and is the site of present-day South Side of "Oil City, Pennsylvania.

Venango County was home to an "oil boom in the years following discovery of natural oil ("petroleum) in the mid-1850s.

"George Bissell, a "Yale University Chemistry professor, and "Edwin L. Drake, a former railroad conductor, made the first successful use of a drilling rig on August 28, 1859 near "Titusville, Pennsylvania. (Although Titusville is in Crawford County, the first oil well was drilled outside of town, less than a mile inside of the Venango County boundary.) This single well soon exceeded the entire cumulative oil output of "Europe since the 1650s. Within weeks oil derricks were erected all over the area. Other oil boom towns located in Venango County included Franklin, Oil City, and the now defunct "Pithole City. The principal product of the oil was "kerosene.

""
""
"Drake Well Museum in Cherrytree Township

"McClintocksville was a small community in "Cornplanter Township in Venango County. In 1861, it was the location of "Wamsutta Oil Refinery, the first business venture of "Henry Huttleston Rogers, who became a leading "United States "capitalist, "businessman, "industrialist, "financier, and "philanthropist. Rogers and his young wife "Abbie Palmer Gifford Rogers lived in a one-room shack there along Oil Creek for several years beginning in 1862.

""
""
Wells along Benninghoff Run in 1866

Shortly later, Rogers met oil pioneer "Charles Pratt who purchased the entire output of the tiny "Wamsutta Oil Refinery. In 1867, Rogers joined Pratt in forming "Charles Pratt and Company, which was purchased by "Standard Oil in 1874. Rogers became one of the key men in "John D. Rockefeller’s "Standard Oil Trust.

After joining Standard Oil, Rogers invested heavily in various industries, including copper, steel, mining, and railways. The "Virginian Railway is widely considered his final life's achievement. Rogers amassed a great fortune, estimated at over $100 million, and became one of the wealthiest men in the United States. He was also a generous "philanthropist, providing many public works for his hometown of "Fairhaven, Massachusetts, and financially assisting helping such notables as "Mark Twain, "Helen Keller, and "Dr. Booker T. Washington.

Perhaps in one of history's ironies, another resident of Venango County about the same time as Henry and Abbie Rogers was a little girl named "Ida M. Tarbell, whose father was an independent producer whose small business was ruined by the South Improvement Company scheme of 1871 and the conglomerate which became Standard Oil. Introduced to each other in 1902 by their mutual friend Mark Twain, Tarbell who had become an "investigative journalist and Rogers, who knew of her work, shared meetings and information over a two-year period which led to her epoch work, "The History of the Standard Oil Company, published in 1904, which many historians feel helped fuel public sentiment against the giant company and helped lead to the court-ordered break-up of it in 1911.

The oil heritage of Venanago County is remembered by a Pennsylvania State Park and many heritage sites which help tell the story and memorialize the people of the oil boom of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Geography[edit]

""
""
"French Creek (left) meets the "Allegheny River at Riverfront Park in Franklin.

According to the "U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 683 square miles (1,770 km2), of which 674 square miles (1,750 km2) is land and 8.6 square miles (22 km2) (1.3%) is water.[5]

"French Creek is formed near "French Creek, New York and extends for a length of 117 miles (188 km) with a drainage area of 1,270 square miles (3,289 km²). It joins the Allegheny River near "Franklin, Pennsylvania. The watershed area includes parts of "Erie, "Crawford, Venango, and "Mercer Counties in Pennsylvania as well as "Chautauqua County, New York.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
"1800 1,130
"1810 3,060 170.8%
"1820 4,915 60.6%
"1830 9,470 92.7%
"1840 17,900 89.0%
"1850 18,310 2.3%
"1860 25,043 36.8%
"1870 47,925 91.4%
"1880 43,670 −8.9%
"1890 46,640 6.8%
"1900 49,648 6.4%
"1910 56,359 13.5%
"1920 59,184 5.0%
"1930 63,226 6.8%
"1940 63,958 1.2%
"1950 65,328 2.1%
"1960 65,295 −0.1%
"1970 62,353 −4.5%
"1980 64,444 3.4%
"1990 59,381 −7.9%
"2000 57,555 −3.1%
"2010 54,984 −4.5%
Est. 2016 52,582 [6] −4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]
""
""
Age pyramid for Venango County based on census 2000 data

As of the "census[11] of 2000, there were 57,565 people, 22,747 households, and 15,922 families residing in the county. The "population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km²). There were 26,904 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.64% "White, 1.09% "Black or "African American, 0.18% "Native American, 0.23% "Asian, 0.02% "Pacific Islander, 0.17% from "other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.52% of the population were "Hispanic or "Latino of any race. 33.0% were of "German, 12.7% "Irish, 12.2% "American, 8.6% "English, 5.7% "Polish and 5.3% "Italian ancestry according to "Census 2000.

There were 22,747 households out of which 30.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.80% were "married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.00% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 25.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

In the "2004 United States presidential election, voters registered in Venango County cast 9,024 (38.1%) ballots for Kerry, 14,472 (61.2%) for Bush, and 163 (0.7%) for "other".

Micropolitan Statistical Area[edit]

The "United States Office of Management and Budget[12] has designated Venango County as the Oil City, PA "Micropolitan Statistical Area (µSA).[13] As of the "2010 U.S. Census[14] the micropolitan area ranked 9th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the "182nd most populous in the United States with a population of 54,984.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year "Republican "Democratic "Third Parties
"2016 68.1% 16,021 26.8% 6,309 5.1% 1,200
"2012 62.1% 13,815 35.7% 7,945 2.2% 497
"2008 58.4% 13,718 39.3% 9,238 2.2% 525
"2004 61.2% 14,472 38.1% 9,024 0.7% 163
"2000 56.7% 11,642 39.9% 8,196 3.4% 703
"1996 43.0% 8,398 42.0% 8,205 15.1% 2,946
"1992 39.6% 8,545 38.2% 8,230 22.2% 4,779
"1988 56.6% 11,468 42.6% 8,624 0.8% 171
"1984 59.4% 13,507 40.1% 9,114 0.5% 104
"1980 56.0% 11,547 37.9% 7,800 6.1% 1,257
"1976 57.6% 12,270 40.6% 8,653 1.8% 388
"1972 67.3% 13,991 30.3% 6,302 2.4% 501
"1968 56.1% 12,323 37.9% 8,319 6.0% 1,307
"1964 42.9% 9,873 56.8% 13,065 0.4% 84
"1960 68.0% 17,193 31.9% 8,064 0.1% 23
"1956 75.3% 17,107 24.6% 5,594 0.1% 14
"1952 72.2% 17,006 27.0% 6,356 0.9% 204
"1948 68.0% 11,920 29.3% 5,144 2.7% 472
"1944 68.9% 14,916 29.7% 6,426 1.4% 304
"1940 71.9% 17,728 27.9% 6,873 0.2% 57
"1936 64.1% 17,676 33.4% 9,212 2.5% 677
"1932 64.1% 12,230 32.3% 6,174 3.6% 684
"1928 79.0% 17,450 20.5% 4,531 0.5% 108
"1924 74.3% 10,841 12.9% 1,886 12.8% 1,865
"1920 65.7% 7,718 22.7% 2,669 11.6% 1,359
"1916 41.0% 3,856 41.9% 3,938 17.2% 1,616
"1912 18.3% 1,660 27.6% 2,507 54.2% 4,925
"1908 49.7% 4,868 28.8% 2,815 21.5% 2,105
"1904 57.3% 5,892 17.0% 1,747 25.7% 2,639
"1900 52.8% 5,931 35.7% 4,014 11.6% 1,299
"1896 49.8% 5,133 44.6% 4,599 5.6% 572
"1892 49.3% 4,099 39.6% 3,288 11.1% 926
"1888 50.5% 4,424 39.7% 3,475 9.9% 863

County Commissioners[edit]

State Senate[16][edit]

State House of Representatives[16][edit]

United States House of Representatives[edit]

United States Senate[edit]

Economy[edit]

Major employers[edit]

Pennzoil and Quaker State left the Venango area for Texas. After leaving the area they merged and stopped refining oil. They now concentrate on retail oil and automotive additives produced for them by other companies. As of 2007, the two companies only exist as brand names after the company disappeared because of successive mergers.

With global crude oil prices touching US $100 in early 2008, long-dormant interest reawakened in Venango County's remaining oil reserves, 70% undrilled by one estimate. High prices make less accessible oil deposits worth extracting. For instance, a Canadian firm proposed drilling several large mines and allowing oil to flood the tunnels.[17]

Education[edit]

""
""
Map of Venango County, Pennsylvania Public School Districts

Public school districts[edit]

Partial districts[edit]

These public school districts are only partially in Venango County:

Colleges and universities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airport[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Recreation[edit]

Pennsylvania State Parks and Forests[edit]

Attractions and tourism[edit]

Communities[edit]

""
""
Map of Venango County, Pennsylvania with Municipal Labels showing Cities and Boroughs (red), Townships (white), and Census-designated places (blue).

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: "cities, "boroughs, "townships, and, in at most two cases, "towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Venango County:

Cities[edit]

Boroughs[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

"Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the "U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other "unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the "2010 census of Venango County.[14]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 "Oil City City 10,557
2 "Franklin City 6,545
3 "Sugarcreek Borough 5,294
4 "Hasson Heights CDP 1,351
5 "Woodland Heights CDP 1,261
6 "Seneca CDP 1,065
7 "Pleasantville Borough 892
8 "Polk Borough 816
9 "Emlenton (partially in "Clarion County) Borough 625
10 "Rouseville Borough 523
11 "Clintonville Borough 508
12 "Cooperstown Borough 460
13 "Kennerdell CDP 247
14 "Barkeyville Borough 207
15 "Utica Borough 189
16 "Hannasville CDP 176

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Pennsylvania: Individual County Chronologies". Pennsylvania Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2015. 
  4. ^ Donehoo, George (1995). "French Creek". Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania. Gateway Press. Retrieved 24 Jan 2007. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 11, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". "United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2017-12-07. 
  14. ^ a b https://www.census.gov/2010census/
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ a b Center, Legislativate Data Processing. "Find Your Legislator". The official website for the Pennsylvania General Assembly. Retrieved 2017-05-09. 
  17. ^ "As Oil Prices Soar, Prospectors Return to Pennsylvania". The Wall Street Journal. February 19, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-02-28. Retrieved 2008-02-25. 
  18. ^ Find-a-Grave: Bredinsburg Cemetery, accessed January 2018.
  19. ^ http://pennsylvania.hometownlocator.com/pa/venango/siverly.cfm

External links[edit]

"Coordinates: 41°24′N 79°46′W / 41.40°N 79.76°W / 41.40; -79.76

) ) WikipediaAudio is not affiliated with Wikipedia or the WikiMedia Foundation.