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( => ( => ( => Vernon A. Walters [pageid] => 775647 ) =>
Vernon Walters
""Ambassador Vernon A. Walters.jpg
"United States Ambassador to Germany
In office
October 3, 1990 – August 18, 1991
President "George H. W. Bush
Preceded by "Richard Barkley ("East Germany)
Himself ("West Germany)
Succeeded by "Robert M. Kimmitt
"United States Ambassador to West Germany
In office
April 24, 1989 – October 3, 1990
President "George H. W. Bush
Preceded by "Richard Burt
Succeeded by Himself ("Germany)
17th "United States Ambassador to the United Nations
In office
May 22, 1985 – March 15, 1989
President "Ronald Reagan
"George H. W. Bush
Preceded by "Jeane Kirkpatrick
Succeeded by "Thomas R. Pickering
"Director of Central Intelligence
Acting
In office
July 2, 1973 – September 4, 1973
President "Richard Nixon
Preceded by "James R. Schlesinger
Succeeded by "William Colby
"Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
In office
May 2, 1972 – July 2, 1976
President "Richard Nixon
"Gerald Ford
Preceded by "Robert E. Cushman Jr.
Succeeded by "E. Henry Knoche
Personal details
Born (1917-06-08)June 8, 1917
"New York City, "New York, "U.S.
Died February 10, 2002(2002-02-10) (aged 84)
"West Palm Beach, "Florida, "U.S.

Vernon A. Walters (January 3, 1917 – February 10, 2002) was a "United States Army officer and a "diplomat. Most notably, he served from 1972 to 1976 as "Deputy Director of Central Intelligence, from 1985 to 1989 as the "United States Ambassador to the United Nations and from 1989 to 1991 as "Ambassador to the "Federal Republic of Germany during the decisive phase of "German Reunification. Walters rose to the rank of "lieutenant general in the U.S. Army and is a member of the "Military Intelligence Hall of Fame.

Contents

Background[edit]

Walters was born in "New York City. His father was a "British immigrant and "insurance salesman. From age 6, Walters lived in Britain and "France with his family. His formal education beyond elementary school consisted entirely of boarding school instruction at "Stonyhurst College, a 400-year-old "Jesuit school in "Lancashire, England. He did not attend a university. At the age of sixteen, he left school and returned to the United States, to work for his father as an insurance "claims adjuster and investigator.

In later years, he seemed to enjoy reflecting on the fact that he had risen high and accomplished much despite a near-total lack of formal academic training.

He was fluent in "French, "Italian, "Spanish, and "Portuguese as well as his native English. He also spoke "German fluently but, as he joked, inaccurately, and knew the basics of several other languages.[1] His simultaneous translation of a speech by "United States President "Richard Nixon in France prompted "French President "Charles de Gaulle to say to Nixon, "You gave a magnificent speech, but your interpreter was eloquent."[2]

Military career[edit]

1940s and 50s[edit]

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Walters in 1976 as Lieutenant General

Walters joined the Army in 1941 and was soon commissioned. He served in "Africa and "Italy during "World War II. He served as a link between the commands of "Brazilian Expeditionary Force and "U.S. Fifth Army, earning medals for distinguished military and intelligence achievements.[3]

His served as an aide and interpreter for several Presidents. He was at President "Harry S. Truman's side as an interpreter in key meetings with America's "Spanish- and "Portuguese-speaking "Latin American allies. His language skills helped him win Truman's confidence, and he accompanied the President to the Pacific in the early 1950s, serving as a key aide in Truman's unsuccessful effort to reach a reconciliation with an insubordinate General "Douglas MacArthur, the Commander of "United Nations forces in "Korea.

In "Europe in the 1950s, Walters served President "Dwight Eisenhower and other top US officials as a translator and aide at a series of "NATO summit conferences. During this period he participated in the famous visit of Eisenhower to "General Franco. He also worked in "Paris at "Marshall Plan headquarters and helped set up the "Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers in Europe. He was with then-"Vice President "Richard Nixon in 1958 when an anti-American crowd stoned their car in "Caracas, Venezuela. Walters suffered facial cuts from flying glass. The Vice President avoided injury.

1960s[edit]

In the 1960s, Walters served as a U.S. military attaché in "France, "Italy, and "Brazil. In 1961, he proposed an American military intervention in Italy if the "Socialist Party had participated in the Government.[4] Two decades later he was a high-profile U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. From April 1989 until August 1991, during "German Reunification, he was Ambassador to "West Germany. He also served as a roving ambassador, performing sensitive diplomatic missions that included talks in "Cuba, "Syria, and elsewhere. He was sent to "Morocco to meet discreetly with "PLO officials and warn them against any repetition of the 1973 murders of two American diplomats in the region. (In a much earlier visit to Morocco, he had given a ride on a tank to a young boy who later became "King Hassan II.)

While serving as a military attaché in Paris from 1967 to 1972, Walters played a role in secret peace talks with "North Vietnam. He arranged to smuggle "National Security Advisor "Henry Kissinger into France for secret meetings with a senior North Vietnamese official, and then smuggle him out again. He accomplished this by borrowing a private airplane from an old friend, French President "Georges Pompidou.

1970s[edit]

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Walters in 1972 as Deputy Director for Central Intelligence

President "Richard Nixon appointed Walters as Deputy Director for Central Intelligence (DDCI) in 1972. (Walters also served as Acting DCI for two months in mid-1973.) During his four years as DDCI, he worked closely with four successive Directors as the Agency—and the nation—confronted such major international developments as the "1973 Arab-Israeli war, the subsequent oil crisis, the turbulent end of the "Vietnam War, and the "Chilean "military coup against the "Allende government and the "Letelier assassination. According to a close colleague, Walters also "averted a looming catastrophe" for the CIA in connection with the "Watergate scandal:

Despite numerous importunings from on high, [Walters] flatly refused to...cast a cloak of national security over the guilty parties. At the critical moment, he... refused to involve the Agency, and bluntly informed the highest levels of the executive [branch] that further insistence from that quarter would result in his immediate resignation.

Walters himself reflected on those challenging days in his 1978 autobiography, Silent Missions:

I told [President Nixon's White House counsel] that on the day I went to work at the CIA I had hung on the wall of my office a color photograph showing the view through the window of my home in Florida…When people asked me what it was, I told them [this] was what was waiting [for me] if anyone squeezed me too hard.

Diplomatic career[edit]

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Walters in the Reagan Cabinet 1989 as U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, back row, third from right
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Walters as ambassador to Germany with "Wolfgang Schäuble, 1991

Beginning in 1981, Walters served under "Ronald Reagan as roving ambassador. Reagan used prominent Catholics in his government such as Walters to brief the pope during the Cold War.[5] Walters was then "United States Ambassador to the United Nations from 1985 to 1989 and ambassador to the "Federal Republic of Germany from 1989 to 1991.[6] Here he was responsible on behalf of the United States for the preparations of the "Treaty on the Final Settlement with Respect to Germany.

Retirement and death[edit]

During the 1990s, after he had retired from "public life, Walters worked as a business "consultant and was active on the lecture circuit. On November 18, 1991, he was presented with the "Presidential Medal of Freedom by President "George H. W. Bush. He wrote another book, The Mighty and the Meek (published in 2001), which profiled famous people with whom he had worked during his life.

On February 9, the day before his death he gave an interview (in French language) for the "mockumentary "Dark Side of the Moon (original title: Opération Lune) by "William Karel. This mockumentary suggests that the "New York Herald Tribune's article on his death included the following paragraph:

General Walters' last known public appearance was on a French Television documentary in which he talked about the White House's involvement with the Apollo program in the late 1960s. Both the producer and director noted that Walters was in perfect shape. [February 15, 2002]

However, the web version of the article at the New York Times website uses a different paragraph:

'He was great as our James Bond, getting us in and out secretly, even giving us code names,' said Winston Lord, former president of the Council on Foreign Relations, who accompanied Mr. Kissinger to the secret talks with the Vietnamese.[6]

Walters died on February 10, 2002. He is buried in "Arlington National Cemetery in "Arlington, Virginia.

In popular culture[edit]

Walters was portrayed by "Garrick Hagon in the 2002 "BBC production of "Ian Curteis's controversial "The Falklands Play.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.arlingtoncemetery.net
  2. ^ Henry R. Appelbaum: Vernon Walters—Renaissance Man In Memoriam, Central Intelligence Agency, April 14, 2007
  3. ^ CONTENTdm Collection: Item Viewer
  4. ^ Guido Crainz, Autobiografia di una Repubblica. Le radici dell'Italia attuale (Donzelli, 2009), p. 54
  5. ^ Bono, Agostino (November 17, 2004), Officials say pope, Reagan shared Cold War data, but lacked alliance, Catholic News Service, archived from the original on January 18, 2013 
  6. ^ a b Kelley, Tina (February 15, 2002), "Vernon Walters, Ex-Envoy And Deputy C.I.A. Chief, 85", The New York Times 

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
"Robert E. Cushman Jr.
"Deputy Director of Central Intelligence
1972–1976
Succeeded by
"E. Henry Knoche
Preceded by
"James R. Schlesinger
"Director of Central Intelligence
Acting

1973
Succeeded by
"William Colby
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
"Jeane Kirkpatrick
"United States Ambassador to the United Nations
1985–1989
Succeeded by
"Thomas R. Pickering
Preceded by
"Richard Burt
"United States Ambassador to West Germany
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Himself
as "United States Ambassador to Germany
Preceded by
"Richard Barkley
as "United States Ambassador to East Germany
"United States Ambassador to Germany
1990–1991
Succeeded by
"Robert M. Kimmitt
Preceded by
Himself
as "United States Ambassador to West Germany
) )