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The "World Wide Web has become a major delivery platform for a variety of complex and sophisticated enterprise applications in several domains. In addition to their inherent multifaceted functionality, these Web applications exhibit complex behaviour and place some unique demands on their usability, performance, security, and ability to grow and evolve. However, a vast majority of these applications continue to be developed in an ad-hoc way, contributing to problems of usability, maintainability, quality and reliability.[1][2] While Web development can benefit from established practices from other related disciplines, it has certain distinguishing characteristics that demand special considerations. In recent years, there have been developments towards addressing these considerations.

Web engineering focuses on the methodologies, techniques, and tools that are the foundation of "Web application development and which support their design, development, evolution, and evaluation. Web application development has certain characteristics that make it different from traditional software, information system, or computer application development.

Web engineering is multidisciplinary and encompasses contributions from diverse areas: "systems analysis and "design, software engineering, hypermedia/hypertext engineering, requirements engineering, human-computer interaction, user interface, information engineering, information indexing and retrieval, testing, modelling and simulation, project management, and graphic design and presentation. Web engineering is neither a clone nor a subset of software engineering, although both involve programming and software development. While Web Engineering uses software engineering principles, it encompasses new approaches, methodologies, tools, techniques, and guidelines to meet the unique requirements of "Web-based applications.


As a discipline[edit]

Proponents of Web engineering supported the establishment of Web engineering as a discipline at an early stage of Web. Major arguments for Web engineering as a new discipline are:

However, it has been controversial, especially for people in other traditional disciplines such as software engineering, to recognize Web engineering as a new field. The issue is how different and independent Web engineering is, compared with other disciplines.

Main topics of Web engineering include, but are not limited to, the following areas:

Modeling disciplines[edit]

Design disciplines, tools, and methods[edit]

Implementation disciplines[edit]

Testing disciplines[edit]

Applications categories disciplines[edit]


Web quality[edit]



See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pressman, Roger S (1998). "Can Internet Applications be Engineered?". IEEE Software. 15 (5): 104–110. "doi:10.1109/ms.1998.714869. 
  2. ^ Roger S Pressman, "What a Tangled Web we Weave," IEEE Software, Jan/Feb 2001, Vol. 18, No.1, pp 18-21
  3. ^ Gerti Kappel, Birgit Proll, Seiegfried, and Werner Retschitzegger, "An Introduction to Web Engineering," in Web Engineering, Gerti Kappel, et al. (eds.) John Wiley and Sons, Heidelberg, Germany, 2003
  4. ^ Deshpande, Yogesh; Hansen, Steve (2001). "Web Engineering: Creating Discipline among Disciplines". IEEE Multimedia. 8 (1): 81–86. 
  5. ^ JKU » Webwissenschaften - Master. Jku.at (2014-04-18). Retrieved on 2014-04-28.
  6. ^ iWMC » Academic Program - Web Engineering. iWMC.at (2014-04-30). Retrieved on 2014-04-30.


Web engineering resources[edit]

Book chapters and articles
Special issues
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