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Western Wei
西魏
535–557
""
Western Wei and neighbors
Capital "Chang'an
Government "Monarchy
Emperor
 •  535–551 "Emperor Wen of Western Wei
 •  552–554 "Emperor Fei of Western Wei
 •  554–557 "Emperor Gong of Western Wei
Historical era "Southern and Northern Dynasties
 •  Establishment of "Eastern Wei, start of division of "Northern Wei 8 November 534[1]
 •  "Emperor Wen's ascension, often viewed as establishment 18 February 535[2] 535
 •  Disestablished 14 February 557[3] 557
"Area
 •  557[4] 1,300,000 km2 (500,000 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
"Northern Wei
"Liang Dynasty
"Northern Zhou
Today part of "China
""History of China
"History of China
ANCIENT
"Neolithic c. 8500 – c. 2070 BC
"Xia dynasty c. 2070 – c. 1600 BC
"Shang dynasty c. 1600 – c. 1046 BC
"Zhou dynasty c. 1046 – 256 BC
 "Western Zhou
 "Eastern Zhou
   "Spring and Autumn
   "Warring States
IMPERIAL
"Qin dynasty 221–206 BC
"Han dynasty 206 BC – 220 AD
  "Western Han
  "Xin dynasty
  "Eastern Han
"Three Kingdoms 220–280
  "Wei, "Shu and "Wu
"Jin dynasty 265–420
  "Western Jin
  "Eastern Jin "Sixteen Kingdoms
"Northern and Southern dynasties
420–589
"Sui dynasty 581–618
"Tang dynasty 618–907
  ("Second Zhou dynasty 690–705)
"Five Dynasties and
Ten Kingdoms

907–960
"Liao dynasty
907–1125
"Song dynasty
960–1279
  "Northern Song "Western Xia
  "Southern Song "Jin dynasty
"Yuan dynasty 1271–1368
"Ming dynasty 1368–1644
"Qing dynasty 1644–1912
MODERN
"Republic of China 1912–1949
"People's Republic of China 1949–present

The Western Wei ("/w/;[5] "Chinese: 西魏; "pinyin: Xī Wèi) followed the disintegration of the "Northern Wei, and ruled northern "China from 535 to 557. As with the Northern Wei state that preceded it, the ruling family of Western Wei were members of the "Tuoba clan of the "Xianbei.

After the "Xianbei general "Yuwen Tai killed the "Northern Wei emperor Yuan Xiu, he installed "Yuan Baoju as "emperor of Western Wei while Yuwen Tai would remain as the virtual ruler. Although smaller than the "Eastern Wei in territory and population, Western Wei was able to withstand the attacks from the eastern empire. Due to its better economical conditions, Western Wei was even able to conquer the whole western part of the "Liang empire in the south and occupied the territory of modern "Sichuan. In 557 Yuwen Tai's nephew "Yuwen Hu deposed "Emperor Gong and placed Yuwen Tai's son "Yuwen Jue on the throne, ending Western Wei and establishing "Northern Zhou.

Rulers[edit]

Posthumous Names ( "Shi Hao 諡號) Born Names Period of Reigns Era Names ("Nian Hao 年號) and their according range of years
"Northern dynasty
Western Wei Dynasty 535-556
Convention: Western Wei + posthumous name
"Wen Di (文帝 wén dì) Yuan Baoju (元寶炬 yuán bǎo jù) 535-551 Datong (大統 dà tǒng) 535-551
"Fei Di (廢帝 fèi dì) Yuan Qin (元欽 yuán qīn) 552-554 Did not exist
"Gong Di (恭帝 gōng dì) Tuoba Kuo (拓拔廓 tuò bá kuò) 554-557 Did not exist

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 156.
  2. ^ "Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 157.
  3. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 166.
  4. ^ Rein Taagepera "Size and Duration of Empires: Growth-Decline Curves, 600 B.C. to 600 A.D.", Social Science History Vol. 3, 115-138 (1979)
  5. ^ "Wei". "Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.

References[edit]

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