The monumental "Neo-Classical "Kurhaus ("spa house") was built at the request of Kaiser "Wilhelm II between 1904 and 1907. Its famous Spielbank (casino) is again in operation.
In front of the Kurhaus is a lawn known as the Bowling Green. To one side of the Bowling Green is the Kurhaus Kolonnade. Built in 1827, the 129 meter structure is the longest hall in Europe supported by pillars. To the other side is the Theater Kolonnade, built in 1839. It is adjacent to the "Hessisches Staatstheater Wiesbaden, built between 1892 and 1894.
"St. Bonifatius, the first church for the Catholic community after the "Reformation, was built from 1845 until 1849 by Philipp Hoffmann in "Gothic Revival style and dedicated to "Saint Boniface.
St. Elizabeth's Church
The Russian Orthodox "Church of Saint Elizabeth was built on the "Neroberg from 1847 to 1855 by Duke Adolf of Nassau on the occasion of the early death of his wife "Elizabeth Mikhailovna, who died in childbirth. The architect was Philipp Hoffmann.
Another building from the regency of Duke Wilhelm is the Luisenplatz, a square named for the Duke's first wife. It is surrounded by "Neoclassicist buildings, and in the middle of the square is the Waterloo "Obelisk, commemorating the Nassauers who died in the wars against "Napoleon. Apart from the palace in the center, the ducal family had a large palace on the banks of the Rhine, known as "Schloss Biebrich. This "baroque building was erected in the first half of the 18th century.
North of the city is the "Neroberg. From the top of this hill it is possible to view a panorama of the city. The "Nerobergbahn "funicular railway connects the city with the hill.
One of the three Hessian state museums, "Museum Wiesbaden is located in Wiesbaden.
Other churches are the "Bergkirche, completed in 1879 in Gothic Revival style, and the "Lutherkirche, finished in 1910 in "Jugendstil.
The Warme Damm is a 4.5-hectare park on the east side of Wilhelmstrasse and south of the State theater and Kurhaus which features a lake, a fountain, various statues, and large grassy areas. The park was created in 1859–1860 and is named after the medieval fortifications around a pond into which the warm waters of the town's 26 warm springs flowed.
Boroughs of Wiesbaden
The city of Wiesbaden is divided into 26 boroughs: five in the central city and 21 suburban districts. The 21 suburban districts were incorporated in four phases from 1926 to 1977. The former right Mainz suburbs Amöneburg, Kastel and Kostheim have belonged to Wiesbaden since 1945.
|"Mitte||1.53 km2||20,797||13,593||19,707 €||""|
|"Nordost||19.44 km2||22,621||1,163||21,709 €||""|
|"Rheingauviertel||2.47 km2||19,802||8,017||17,461 €||""|
|"Südost||6.62 km2||18,835||2,845||24,370 €||""|
|"Westend||0.67 km2||16,528||24,669||19,047 €||""|
|Auringen||3.12 km2||3,399||1,079||22,114 €||January 1, 1977||""|
|"Biebrich||12.99 km2||36,896||2,840||18,779 €||October 28, 1926||""|
|"Bierstadt||9.22 km2||12,109||1,313||22,807 €||April 1, 1928||""|
|"Breckenheim||6.53 km2||3,375||517||22,074 €||January 1, 1977||""|
|Delkenheim||7.43 km2||4,938||665||20,908 €||January 1, 1977||""|
|"Dotzheim||18.27 km2||26,234||1,436||18,793 €||April 1, 1928||""|
|"Erbenheim||11.27 km2||9,258||821||19,357 €||April 1, 1928||""|
|"Frauenstein||10.65 km2||2,359||222||19,365 €||April 1, 1928||""|
|"Heßloch||1.54 km2||695||451||24,525 €||April 1, 1928||""|
|"Igstadt||7.26 km2||2,090||288||21,869 €||April 1, 1928||""|
|"Klarenthal||6.13 km2||10,280||1,677||18,103 €||September 1, 1964||""|
|"Kloppenheim||5.39 km2||2,301||427||21,592 €||April 1, 1928||""|
|"Mainz-Amöneburg||3.71 km2||1,444||389||17,267 €||July 25, 1945||""|
|"Mainz-Kastel||9.51 km2||12,021||1,264||19,874 €||July 25, 1945||""|
|"Mainz-Kostheim||9.53 km2||13,935||1,462||18,623 €||July 25, 1945||""|
|Medenbach||4.74 km2||2,501||560||21,170 €||January 1, 1977||""|
|Naurod||10.99 km2||4,414||402||21,865 €||January 1, 1977||""|
|"Nordenstadt||7.73 km2||7,896||1,021||21,503 €||January 1, 1977||""|
|Rambach||9.92 km2||2,175||219||24,902 €||April 1, 1928||""|
|"Schierstein||9.43 km2||10,129||1,074||19,938 €||October 28, 1926||""|
|"Sonnenberg||8.34 km2||7,972||956||27,701 €||October 28, 1926||""|
|1 December 1840||11,648|
|3 December 1861||20,800|
|3 December 1864||26,600|
|3 December 1867||30,100|
|1 December 1871||35,500|
|1 December 1875||43,700|
|1 December 1880||50,238|
|1 December 1885||55,454|
|1 December 1890||64,670|
|2 December 1895||74,133|
|1 December 1900||86,111|
|1 December 1905||100,953|
|1 December 1910||109,002|
|1 December 1916||90,310|
|5 December 1917||86,555|
|8 October 1919||97,566|
|16 June 1925||102,737|
|16 June 1933||159,755|
|17 March 1939||170,354|
|31 December 1945||172,083|
|29 October 1946||188,370|
|13 September 1950||220,741|
|25 September 1956||244,994|
|6 June 1961||253,280|
|31 December 1965||260,331|
|27 March 1970||250,122|
|31 December 1975||250,592|
|31 December 1980||274,464|
|31 December 1985||266,623|
|25 March 1987||251,871|
|31 December 1990||260,301|
|31 December 1995||267,122|
|31 December 2000||270,109|
|30 September 2005||274,865|
|31 December 2006||275,562|
|31 December 2007||275,849|
|31 December 2008||276,742|
|31 December 2009||277,493|
|31 December 2010||275,976|
- 1849–1868: Heinrich Fischer
- 1868–1882: Wilhelm Lanz
- 1882–1883: Christian Schlichter
- 1883–1913: Carl Bernhard von Ibell
- 1913–1919: Karl Glässing
- 1919–1929: Fritz Travers
- 1930–1933: Georg Krücke
- 1933–1937: Alfred Schulte
- 1937–1945: "Erich Mix
- 1945–1946: Georg Krücke
- 1946–1953: Hans Heinrich Redlhammer
- 1951–1954: Georg Kluge
- 1954–1960: "Erich Mix
- 1960–1968: Georg Buch
- 1968–1980: Rudi Schmitt
- 1980–1982: Georg-Berndt Oschatz
- 1982–1985: Hans-Joachim Jentsch
- 1985–1997: Achim Exner
- 1997–2007: Hildebrand Diehl
- 2007–2013: Helmut Müller
- 2013– Sven Gerich
The information up to 2007 was retrieved from Die Wiesbadener Oberbürgermeister seit dem Bau des neuen Rathauses (1886) (The Wiesbaden Mayors since the construction of the new town mayor hall (1886).)
Wiesbaden is well connected to the German motorway ("Autobahn) system. The "Wiesbadener Kreuz is an Autobahn interchange eastwards the city where the "Bundesautobahn 3 (A 3), "Cologne to "Würzburg, and the "Bundesautobahn 66 (A 66), "Rheingau to "Fulda, meet. With approximately 190,000 cars daily it is one of the most heavily used interchange in Germany. The "Bundesautobahn 66 (A 66) connects Wiesbaden with "Frankfurt. The "Bundesautobahn 643 (A 643) is mainly a commuter motorway which starts in the south of the city centre, runs through the southern part of Wiesbaden crosses the Rhine river via the "Schierstein Bridge and connect in the northwestern part of "Mainz to the A60. The "Bundesautobahn 671 (A 671) is a very short motorway in the southeastern part of Wiesbaden which primarily serves as a fast connection between the city centre and the "Bundesautobahn 60 to serve the cities like "Rüsselsheim, "Darmstadt and the "Rhine-Neckar region (Mannheim, Ludwigshafen and Heidelberg).
The downtown area is bordered on the north side by Taunusstrasse, which has once featured many antique stores. The east side is constrained by Wilhelmstrasse, created by Christian Zais. This 1,000 meter-long street is named after Archduke Wilhelm, not Emperor Wilhelm II, as many mistakenly believe.
The streets of central Wiesbaden are regularly congested with cars during rush hour. Besides some areas, especially the "Ringroad and not directly in the centre, and the southern arterial roads like the "Mainzer Straße, "Biebricher Allee and "Schiersteiner Straße.
"Wiesbaden's main railway station and several minor railway stops connect the town with "Frankfurt, "Darmstadt, "Mainz, "Limburg and "Koblenz via Rüdesheim. Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof is connected to the "Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed rail line by a 13-kilometer "branch line. "Hamburg, "München, "Leipzig, "Dresden, "Stuttgart, "Mannheim and "Hanover are connected directly to Wiesbaden via long distance service of the "Deutsche Bahn. More services to locations outside the immediate area connect through Mainz or "Frankfurt Airport or Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof. Regional trains and bus services are coordinated by the "Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund.
Wiesbaden is connected to the Frankfurt "S-Bahn network and served by three lines (S1, S8 and S9) which connect Wiesbaden with the densely populated "Rhine Main Region. All routes have an at least 30 minute service during the day, in the rush hour partially every 15 minutes schedule. It provides access to nearby cities such as "Mainz, "Rüsselsheim, "Frankfurt, "Hanau and "Offenbach am Main and smaller towns that are on the way.
The city's public transportation service "ESWE Verkehr connects all city districts to downtown by 45 bus lines in the daytime and 9 bus lines in the night. Five more bus lines, operated by the public transportation service of the city of Mainz, connects Wiesbaden's districts "Kastel and "Kostheim to Mainz downtown.
The city can easily be accessed from around the world via "Frankfurt Airport (Flughafen Frankfurt am Main) which is located 15 km (8 mi) east of Wiesbaden. The airport has four "runways and serves 265 non-stop destinations. Run by transport company "Fraport it ranks among the "world's 10 busiest airports by passenger traffic and is the "second busiest airport by cargo traffic in "Europe. The airport also serves as a hub for "Condor and as the main hub for German "flag carrier "Lufthansa. Depending on whether total passengers or flights are used, it ranks second or third busiest in Europe alongside "London Heathrow Airport and "Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport. Passenger traffic at Frankfurt Airport in 2011 was 56.5 million.
The airport can be reached by car or train and has two "railway stations, one for regional and one for long-distance traffic. The "S-Bahn lines S8 and S9 (direction Offenbach Ost or Hanau Hbf) departing at the "regional train station take 30 minutes from the airport to Wiesbaden Central Station, the "ICE trains departing at the "long-distance railway station take also 30 minutes to the central station.
Despite the name, Frankfurt Hahn Airport (Flughafen Frankfurt-Hahn) is not located anywhere near Frankfurt but is instead situated approximately 100 km (62 mi) from the city in "Lautzenhausen ("Rhineland-Palatinate). Hahn Airport is a major base for "Low-cost carrier "Ryanair. This airport can be reached by car or bus. The nearest train station is in "Traben-Trarbach, it is ca. 17 km (11 mi) from the airport, on foot. The roads are not lit.
There are small container port operations nearby on the "Rhine and "Main rivers.
"Lucius D. Clay Kaserne (Formerly Wiesbaden Army Airfield or WAAF) is located adjacent to Wiesbaden-Erbenheim and is home to the "US Army in Europe (USAREUR) headquarters, the 5th Signal Command and the 66th Military Intelligence Brigade. The airfield was one of the points of origin for flights to Berlin in support of Operation Vittles (the Berlin airlift) during the Soviet blockade of Berlin. General Clay, the commander of the US occupation zone in Germany, was the architect of the airlift.
The United States Army runs a garrison in Wiesbaden. The facilities for US soldiers and families are spread across various locations including: Aukamn, Hainerberg, Mainz-Kastel and the Wiesbaden Army-Airfield, where the names of the streets are named after servicemen and women who sacrificed their lives during the Berlin Airlift.
Wiesbaden hosts a number of international companies, which have their German or European headquarters there including "Abbott Laboratories, "DXC Technology, "Ferrari, "Federal-Mogul, "Melbourne IT, "Norwegian Cruise Line and "SCA. Several German companies also have their headquarters in Wiesbaden, including "SGL Carbon, Dyckerhoff, "KION Group, DBV-Winterthur and R + V Versicherung. Wiesbaden is also home to the "Industriepark Kalle-Albert", an "industrial park in the southern quarter of "Biebrich. It is one of the largest in Germany with over 80 companies from the "pharmaceutical and "chemical industry, including "Agfa-Gevaert, "Clariant, "Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation and "Shin-Etsu Chemical. The park was founded by chemical company "Hoechst AG in 1997.
In addition, many Hessian ministries are in Wiesbaden.
At approximately €77,500, Wiesbaden has the second largest "gross domestic product per inhabitant in Hesse, after Frankfurt, making it one of the richest cities in Germany. The purchasing power per inhabitant is €22,500.["citation needed]
International May Festival
The International May Festival is an annual arts festival presented by the "Hessisches Staatstheater Wiesbaden every May. Established in 1896, it is one of the most distinguished international theatre and music festivals in the world. The festival features performances of plays, musicals, operas, and ballets. Concerts from a wide array of music are featured, as are artistic circus acts and modern dance presentations. Lectures, recitals, cabaret performances, and readings are also featured.
Rheingau Wine Festival
The wines and sparkling wines of the close "Rheingau are presented annually at the ten-day festival in August, Rheingauer Weinwoche (Rheingau Wine Week) around the Wiesbaden City Hall, on the Schlossplatz (Palace Square), the square Dern’sches Gelände and in the pedestrian area. At 118 booths, Rheingau and Wiesbaden vintners offer their wine and sparkling wine and invite to discover the already well known and favored, but also new vintages. Every year thousands of visitors use this opportunity to get acquainted with Rheingau Riesling wines and all their various facets and flavors. Regional specialities compatible with the wines are offered as well. A diversified musical program entertains the wine festival guests. Initiated more than 30 years ago by the Rheingau vintners, this wine festival has a long tradition.
Shooting Star Market
Wiesbaden’s Sternschnuppenmarkt is located at the central "Schlossplatz and the neighbouring streets of the "parliamentary building, "old town hall and "market church. The Sternschnuppenmarkt takes place from the end of November until December 23 every year and is open from Monday until Thursday 10:30 – 9:00 pm, Friday and Saturday 10:30 – 9:30 pm, and Sunday 12:00 – 9:00 pm.
The market is related to the city arms of Wiesbaden: the colours blue and gold and the three lilies are characteristic. Four gates and an illuminated floral roof symbolizing "Fleur-de-lis, consisting of twelve over ten metre high and twelve metre wide luminous lilies, emboss the Sternschnuppenmarkt.
Over 110 booths are decorated in oriental style, coloured blue and gold, offering Christmas style goods, arts and crafts as well as nostalgic carousels and a toy train. A Christmas tree more than 28 metres tall is decorated with 1000 blue and golden ties, 2500 electric bulbs and 30 flash bulbs. The nativity scene displays life-sized wooden figures.
Rheingau Musik Festival
From the beginning in 1988 the "Rheingau Musik Festival has staged summer concerts in the "Marktkirche and in the concert hall of the "Kurhaus now named Friedrich-von-Thiersch-Saal.
Since 2007 Wiesbaden has been home to "SV Wehen Wiesbaden, an association football team that formerly played in nearby "Taunusstein.
Twin towns – sister cities
Wiesbaden maintains official partnerships with 14 cities. Town twinnings between Wiesbaden and other cities began with Klagenfurt in 1930, one of the first town-twinnings in Germany.
Coat of arms
Wiesbaden's "coat of arms features "fleurs-de-lys, stylized representations of the city's heraldic symbol, the lily. The "blazon is: "Azure, two and one fleurs-de-lys Or".
Notable people born in Wiesbaden include:
- "Adolphus Busch - founder of "Anheuser-Busch, the year he was born his birthplace belonged to the city of Mainz not Wiesbaden (born in "Mainz-Kastel).
- "Sarah Colonna - comedian.
- "Jürgen Grabowski (born 1944), Footballer who played for "Eintracht Frankfurt and "West Germany.
- "Peter Hanenberger - automotive specialist for "General Motors, previously chairman for Australian car giant, "Holden.
- "Michael Kessler - German comedian.
- "Shy Love - American pornographic actress.
- "Günther Lütjens - admiral and commander of the World War II naval "Operation Rheinübung, aboard the battleship "Bismarck.
- "Bruce Maxwell - American baseball player (born on a U.S. military base at Wiesbaden).
- "John McEnroe - American tennis star (born on a U.S. military base at Wiesbaden).
- "Melody Perkins - actress who played in "Power Rangers in Space, and in "Power Rangers: Lost Galaxy as the new pink ranger.
- "Bud Pierce (born 1956) - American politician.
- "Dieter Rams - former head of design for "Braun.
- "Rudolf von Ribbentrop (born 1921) - captain in the "Waffen-SS, recipient of the "Knights Cross of the Iron Cross for bravery, son of German foreign minister "Joachim von Ribbentrop.
- "Nico Rosberg - 2016 "Formula One "World Champion.
- "Volker Schlöndorff - (born 1939), German film director.
- "Henry Schwarzschild - founder of "NCADP, LCDC, and head of ACLU's Capital Punishment project in America.
- "Kiki Vandeweghe - two-time "NBA All-Star player, later a general manager and coach.
- "Valerie Weigmann - actress, host and "Miss World Philippines 2014 titleholder.
- "Maria Vasilievna Yakunchikova-Weber - painter.
Others who have resided in Wiesbaden include:
- "Peter Carl Fabergé - fled Russia to Germany, settled first in Bad Homburg and then in Wiesbaden.
- "Quincy Matthew Hanley - American rapper, was born in Wiesbaden (parents were in the military).
- "Alexej von Jawlensky - Russian Expressionist painter, lived there from 1922 until his death in 1941.
- "Priscilla Presley (Beaulieu at the time) - lived in Wiesbaden with her parents (her father was an Air Force Officer stationed here). It was here that she met "Elvis Presley – she was 14 years old at the time, Elvis was 24.
- "Max Reger - studied in Wiesbaden.
- "Mickey Rourke - resides in Wiesbaden at least part-time with his Russian-born girlfriend Anastassija Makarenko.
- "Debby Ryan - American actress, lived in Wiesbaden for three years (her father was in the military).
- "Richard Wagner - settled in "Biebrich (now part of Wiesbaden) in 1861, after the political ban against him in Germany was lifted. It was there that he began work on "Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.
- "Reese Witherspoon - lived in Wiesbaden with her parents (her father worked for the U.S. military here).
- In the 19th century, visitors to the Wiesbaden's famous hot springs included "Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and "Johannes Brahms. Brahms' "Symphony No. 3 (Op. 90) was composed in Wiesbaden in the summer of 1883.
- Russian author "Fyodor Dostoyevsky, who suffered from an acute gambling compulsion, allegedly lost his travelling money in Wiesbaden's Spielbank casino in 1865. The experience became the inspiration of his 1866 novel "The Gambler (Russian Игрок), set in the fictitious place "Roulettenburg". Some historians have disputed this account, saying that "Bad Homburg was the location for Dostoyevsky's real-life misfortune.
- Wiesbaden's Bowling Green has been very popular in recent years since various open-air concerts have been held there by artists like "Elton John (2009 & 2011), "Rod Stewart (2009), "Eric Clapton (2008), "R.E.M. (2003), "Sting (2001), "Bryan Adams (2000), "Simply Red (1999), "José Carreras (1992) and "Luciano Pavarotti (1993). "Lionel Richie and "Plácido Domingo (2nd time in Wiesbaden) have also performed there.
Rivalry with Mainz
"Mainz, on the opposite side of the "Rhine river, is Wiesbaden's archrival – the two cities are the capitals of their respective Bundesländer, and citizens of both cities "jokingly refer to those on the other one as "living on the wrong side of the river".
- In his short story "The Horror of the Heights (1913), "Sir Arthur Conan Doyle refers to the Wiesbaden-Homburg Triangle as a region in which aircraft mysteriously vanish.
- In the 1983 American television movie "The Day After, Wiesbaden was the first city to be destroyed by a nuclear weapon during the escalating war between "NATO and "Warsaw Pact forces that eventually leads to a full-scale nuclear exchange between the United States and the "Soviet Union.
- The historical novel series Romanike (2006–2014) by Codex Regius features Wiesbaden in the Roman age, or Aquae Mattiacorum, as one of its main locations.
- "Bevölkerung der hessischen Gemeinden". "Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). August 2016.
- Verlagsgruppe Rhein Main GmbH & Co. KG. "Shutdown: US-Armee korrigiert Zahl betroffener Angestellter in Wiesbaden nach oben - Wiesbadener Kurier".
- Heinrich-Verlag GmBH (2011). Wiesbaden: For Old Friends and New. Heinrich-Verlag GmBH. p. 4. "ISBN "978-3-89889-167-7.
- Wiesbadener Tagblatt. September 18, 2008
- "Weather Information for Wiesbaden". Retrieved April 8, 2012.
- The hypothesis of the Heidenmauer being a remainder of an aquaeduct now has been definitely proven wrong. Further reading see: Klee, Margot: Sperrmauer oder Aquädukt? Zur Deutung der Heidenmauer in Wiesbaden. (Blocking wall or aquaeduct. Re. Interpretation of the Heidenmauer in Wiesbaden). In: NA (Nassauische Annalen) 2014. Eck Werner: Ein praefectus Aquen(sium), kein praefectus aqu(a)e. Zur Inschrift CIL XIII 7279 aus Mainz Kastel (A praefectus Aquen(sium), not a praefectus aqu(a)e. Re. Inscription CIL XIII 7279 from Mainz Kastel). In: NA (Nassauische Annalen) 2014.
- Csysz, Walter: Wiesbaden in der Römerzeit. Aalen: Theiss editors, 2000
- Heinrich-Verlag GmBH (2011). Wiesbaden: For Old Friends and New. Heinrich-Verlag GmBH. p. 11. "ISBN "978-3-89889-167-7.
- Heinrich-Verlag GmBH (2011). Wiesbaden: For Old Friends and New. Heinrich-Verlag GmBH. p. 12. "ISBN "978-3-89889-167-7.
- The Jewish Community of Wiesbaden on the "Yad Vashem website
- Heinrich-Verlag GmBH (2011). Wiesbaden: For Old Friends and New. Heinrich-Verlag GmBH. p. 80. "ISBN "978-3-89889-167-7.
- The Last Offensive by Charles B. MacDonald, Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 71-183070
- "Wiesbaden ceremonies mark key milestones in U.S. Army Europe transition". Eur.army.mil. June 14, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013.
- "Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden: Statistisches Jahrbuch 2016 - Bevölkerung" (PDF). wiesbaden.de. 2017-03-26. Retrieved 2017-04-27.
- Heinrich-Verlag GmBH (2011). Wiesbaden: For Old Friends and New. Heinrich-Verlag GmBH. pp. 14–15. "ISBN "978-3-89889-167-7.
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Mitte, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Nordost, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Rheingauviertel, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Südost, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Westend, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Auringen, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Biebrich, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Bierstadt, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Breckenheim, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Delkenheim, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Dotzheim, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Erbenheim, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Frauenstein, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Heßloch, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Igstadt, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Klarenthal, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Kloppenheim, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Mainz-Amöneburg, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Mainz-Kastel, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Mainz-Kostheim, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Medenbach, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Naurod, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Nordenstadt, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Rambach, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Schierstein, September 2009
- Landeshauptstadt Wiesbaden – Ortsbezirk Sonnenberg, September 2009
- Heinrich-Verlag GmBH (2011). Wiesbaden: For Old Friends and New. Heinrich-Verlag GmBH. p. 10. "ISBN "978-3-89889-167-7.
- It features a wide variety of businesses from restaurants to hotels to banks.Heinrich-Verlag GmBH (2011). Wiesbaden: For Old Friends and New. Heinrich-Verlag GmBH. p. 11. "ISBN "978-3-89889-167-7.
- Fish, Todd J. "About." U.S. Army Garrison Wiesbaden. Accessed September 11, 2016. http://www.wiesbaden.army.mil/about/.
- "International May Festival". staatstheater-wiesbaden.de.
- "Wiesbaden's international city relations". Retrieved December 24, 2012.
- "Association Suisse des Communes et Régions d'Europe". L'Association suisse pour le Conseil des Communes et Régions d'Europe (ASCCRE) (in French). Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "Ghent Zustersteden". Stad Gent (in Dutch). City of Ghent. Retrieved July 20, 2013.
- "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". Mestna občina Ljubljana (Ljubljana City) (in Slovenian). Retrieved July 27, 2013.
- "Nico Rosberg officially crowned Formula 1 world champion for 2016". James Galloway, Sky Sports F1.
- Codex Regius. "Romanike (by Codex Regius)".
|""||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wiesbaden.|
|""||Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Wiesbaden.|
- Official website of the city
- The Jewish Community of Wiesbaden on the "Yad Vashem website
- Unofficial website
- Wiesbaden City Panoramas – Panoramic Views and virtual Tours
- Photos of Wiesbaden
- More Photos of Wiesbaden
- Wiesbaden Daily Photos
- Webcam to Wiesbaden (Remote-Control Pan-Tilt)
- 23 live webcams to Wiesbaden
- Webcam to Railway-Station Wiesbaden
- Wiesbaden U.S. Army Garrison
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Wiesbaden". "Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
||"Koblenz||"Limburg an der Lahn||"Bad Homburg|
|"Rüdesheim am Rhein||"Frankfurt am Main|