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Yvelines
"Department
""Prefecture building of the Yvelines department, in Versailles
"Prefecture building of the Yvelines department, in Versailles
""Coat of arms of Yvelines
Coat of arms
""Location of Yvelines in France
Location of Yvelines in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N 1°55′E / 48.833°N 1.917°E / 48.833; 1.917"Coordinates: 48°50′N 1°55′E / 48.833°N 1.917°E / 48.833; 1.917
"Country "France
"Region "Île-de-France
"Prefecture "Versailles
"Subprefectures "Mantes-la-Jolie
"Rambouillet
"Saint-Germain-
en-Laye
Government
 • "President of the General Council "Pierre Bédier
Area1
 • Total 2,284 km2 (882 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,418,484
 • Rank "9th
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
"Time zone "CET ("UTC+1)
 • Summer ("DST) "CEST ("UTC+2)
"Department number 78
"Arrondissements "4
"Cantons "21
"Communes "262
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude "estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Yvelines (French pronunciation: ​"[ivlin]) is a French "department in the "region of "Île-de-France.

Contents

History[edit]

Yvelines was created from the western part of the former department of "Seine-et-Oise on 1 January 1968 in accordance with a law passed on 10 January 1964 and a décret d'application (a decree specifying how a law should be enforced) from 26 February 1965. It inherited Seine-et-Oise's official number of 78.

It gained the "communes of "Châteaufort and "Toussus-le-Noble from the adjacent department of "Essonne in 1969.

The departmental capital, "Versailles, which grew up around "Louis XIV's château, was also the "French "capital for more than a century under the "Ancien Régime and again between 1871 and 1879 during the early years of the "Third Republic. Since then the château has continued to welcome the "French Parliament when it is called upon to sit in a "congressional sitting (with both houses sitting together) in order to enact "constitutional changes or to listen to a formal declaration by the "president.[1]

Geography[edit]

Yvelines is bordered by the departments of "Val-d'Oise on the north, "Hauts-de-Seine on the east, "Essonne on the southeast, "Eure-et-Loir on the southwest, and "Eure on the west.

The eastern part of the department, as well as its northern part along the "Seine, is part of the Paris metropolitan area, but the rest of the department is rural, much of it covered by the "Forest of Rambouillet (also known as the Forest of Yveline, from which the name of the department is derived).

Besides "Versailles (the "prefecture) and the "subprefectures of "Mantes-la-Jolie, "Rambouillet, and "Saint-Germain-en-Laye, important cities include "Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, "Poissy, "Les Mureaux, "Houilles, "Plaisir, "Sartrouville, "Chatou, "Le Chesnay, and the new "agglomeration community of "Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines.

Two "regional parks can be found in Yvelines: the Park of the Haute Vallée de Chevreuse and part of the Park of "Vexin Français.

Yvelines is home to one of France's best known golf courses, La Tuilerie-Bignon, in the village of "Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche.

Principal towns[edit]

Most Populous Yvelines communes[2]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 "Versailles "Versailles-1
"Versailles-2
"Versailles 85,272
2 "Sartrouville "Sartrouville "Saint-Germain-en-Laye 51,599
3 "Mantes-la-Jolie "Mantes-la-Jolie "Mantes-la-Jolie 45,052
4 "Saint-Germain-en-Laye "Saint-Germain-en-Laye "Saint-Germain-en-Laye 39,547
5 "Poissy "Poissy "Saint-Germain-en-Laye 37,461
6 "Conflans-Sainte-Honorine "Conflans-Sainte-Honorine "Saint-Germain-en-Laye 35,213
7 "Montigny-le-Bretonneux "Montigny-le-Bretonneux "Versailles 33,625
8 "Houilles "Houilles "Saint-Germain-en-Laye 32,287
9 "Les Mureaux "Les Mureaux "Mantes-la-Jolie 31,487
10 "Plaisir "Plaisir "Versailles 31,342
11 "Trappes "Trappes "Versailles 20,718
12 "Chatou "Chatou "Saint-Germain-en-Laye 30,809
13 "Le Chesnay "Le Chesnay "Versailles 28,640
14 "Guyancourt "Montigny-le-Bretonneux "Versailles 27,546
15 "Élancourt "Trappes "Rambouillet 26,290

Demographics[edit]

In French, a man from the Yvelines is called Yvelinois (plural Yvelinois); a woman is Yvelinoise (plural Yvelinoises).

Place of birth of residents[edit]

Place of birth of residents of Yvelines in 1999
Born in "Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
85.5% 14.5%
Born in
"Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 "EU-15 immigrants2 Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.1% 3.0% 4.2% 6.2%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as "pieds-noirs in "Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Tourism[edit]

Palaces and châteaux[edit]

Museums[edit]

Artists' and writers' houses[edit]

Parks and gardens[edit]

Politics of Yvelines[edit]

Former "Prime Minister of France "Michel Rocard, was an MP for this department, of the "French Socialist Party.

Senators from Yvelines[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Communiqué de la présidence de la République" (in French). Retrieved 17 October 2009. 
  2. ^ "Insee - Populations légales 2013". "Insee. Retrieved August 25, 2016. 

External links[edit]

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